User:A22234798/莎琳汶沙灘戰鬥

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莎琳汶沙灘戰鬥
太平洋戰爭中的新加坡戰役的一部分
Sarimbun battle.jpg
1942年2月8早上十點時,盟軍在莎琳汶區域的部署位置。圖中的箭頭顯示日軍的攻擊方向。
日期1942年2月8-9日
地点
结果 日軍獲勝
参战方
澳大利亚 澳大利亞第二十二旅
印度 金德步兵營
海峽殖民地 星華義勇軍 (一連隊)
日本 日本第五師
日本 日本第十八師
指挥官与领导者
澳大利亚 哈洛德·泰勒 日本 牟田口廉也
日本 松井拓郎
兵力
~3,000 ~10,000

莎琳汶沙灘戰鬥二戰期間日本入侵新加坡的第一階段,發生於1942年2月。莎琳汶位於新加坡島的西側,是山下奉文中將率領的日軍發起對盟軍的第一波攻勢之處。新加坡守軍指揮官亞瑟·帕西瓦爾並未預期到日軍會在西側發起主力攻勢,因而未能增援首當其衝的澳大利亞第二十二旅。日軍從此處登陸的主要目標是莎琳汶後方的登加機場

背景[编辑]

在日軍入侵以前,帕西瓦爾從澳大利亞第八師調撥兩個旅給戈登·班奈特少將,以讓他能負責防衛島的西北區域。The terrain was primarily mangrove swamp and tropical forest, broken up by rivers and creeks. Brigadier Harold Taylor's 22nd Infantry Brigade, augmented by most of the Australian 2/4th Machine Gun Battalion, was assigned a 10 mile (16 kilometre) wide sector centred on Sarimbun Beach. The Jind Infantry Battalion of the Indian States Forces, which was guarding Tengah, and a company from Dalforce, a guerilla militia recruited from Singaporean Chinese. The 27th Infantry Brigade was assigned an adjoining 4,000 yard (3,650m) wide zone to the north, adjoining the causeway. The Australian 2/4th Machine Gun Battalion was distributed among the infantry units.

戰鬥[编辑]

At 8.30pm on 8 February, Australian machine gunners opened fire on vessels carrying a first wave of 4,000 troops from the 5th and 18th Divisions towards Singapore island. The Japanese assaulted Sarimbun Beach, which was held by the 22nd Brigade.

Fierce fighting raged all day but eventually the increasing Japanese numbers — as well as their superiority in artillery, planes and military intelligence — began to take their toll. The Japanese exploited gaps in the thinly-spread Allied lines such as rivers and creeks. By midnight, the two Australian brigades had lost communications with each other and the 22nd Brigade was forced to retreat. At 1am, further Japanese troops were landed and the last Australian reserves went in.

Towards dawn on 9 February, some elements of the 22nd Brigade had been overrun or surrounded, and the 2/18th Australian Infantry Battalion, in the centre, had lost more than half of its personnel. The 2/20th Australian Infantry Battalion, on the right flank was also heavily committed. At the same time, the 2/19th Australian Infantry Battalion, on the left, was being outflanked, and only "B" Company faced the initial landings by the Japanese.

Percival maintained a belief that further landings would occur in the northeast and did not agree to reinforce the 22nd Brigade until Tengah Airfield itself was threatened. However, before limited British and Indian infantry reinforcements arrived, the badly-battered Australian and Singaporean units, along with the Jinds, had retreated to take up positions on the "Jurong Line", stretching south from the village of Bulim. Tengah Airfield was taken by the Japanese at around midday on 9 February.

後續發展[编辑]

Shortly after dark on 9 February, three British Fairmile B motor launches were sent on a raid up the western channel of the Straits of Johor, adjoining Sarimbun Beach. Their objective was to attack Japanese landing craft and communications. They came under fire from enemy forces on both shores, but pressed on almost as far as the causeway. A few Japanese landing craft were sunk before the launches returned down the channel, reaching Singapore safely and suffering minimal damage. Some Allied soldiers saw this as an example of effective defensive tactics that were used too little and/or too late by their senior commanders.

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