维基百科:格式手冊/表格

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表格是以行和列呈現數據或信息的方法。 雖然在維基百科裡我們可以用表格來有效地表示不同種類的內容,但只應在適當的時候使用。在一個表格裡的信息,有時可以比以散文段落方式或以嵌入列表方式更好

在編輯時,應避免指示到“條目左側”或“條目右側”的表格。由於表格的位置會因手機版本而略有分別,而且對於以其他輔助軟件閱讀維基百科的使用者來說,這種表示是沒有意義的。相反地,每個表格應以標題來讓使用者去識別。

格式[编辑]

It is recommended that wikitables be used in place of HTML tables, as they are easier to customize and maintain. A standard "wikitable style" is also available, by adding class="wikitable" to the top row of the table. The powerful and useful sorting feature can be enabled by adding class="sortable" to the top row. Extreme caution should be applied if rowspan or colspan is used. It is also possible to combine class, as in class="wikitable sortable".

上標與欄位標[编辑]

Table captions and column/row headings should be succinct and self-explanatory. In most cases, individual words or sentence fragments should be used, and articles (a, an, the) are unnecessary. Only the first word in the caption or heading should be capitalized (except for proper nouns), in keeping with Wikipedia's conventions for capital letters. In some rare cases, judicious use of soft hyphens may be helpful; see MOS:HYPHEN for details.

外觀[编辑]

In general, styles for tables and other block-level elements should be set using CSS classes, not with inline style attributes. This is because the site-wide CSS is more carefully tested to ensure compatibility with a wide range of browsers; it also creates a greater degree of professionalism by ensuring a consistent appearance between articles. Deviations from standard conventions are acceptable where they create a semantic distinction (for instance, the infoboxes and navigational templates relating to The Simpsons use a yellow color-scheme instead of the customary mauve, to tie in with the dominant color in the series) but should not be used gratuitously.

See WP:Deviations and Wikipedia talk:Consensus/RfC for guidance on use of coloring or non-standard formatting, and for when MoS and WikiProjects guidance is at variance.

Consideration may be given to collapsing tables which consolidate information covered in the prose.

親和力[编辑]

Screen readers and other web browsing tools make use of specific table tags to help users navigate the data contained within tables. Use the correct wikitable pipe syntax to take advantage of all the features available.

See MOS:COLOR for information about restrained use of color in tables, to avoid creating accessibility problems for visually-impaired as well as normal vision readers.

Do not separate items by leaving blank lines between them, even when using unordered or definition lists. The Wikipedia list templates explicitly identify lists for readers, rather than relying on visual formatting to indirectly imply the presence of a list.

大小[编辑]

Splitting lists and tables per summary style is advised against. Among other problems, arbitrarily splitting a wikitable effectively disables the powerful and useful sorting feature from working across the entire table.

On the other hand, overloading tables with too much detailed statistical data is against policy. Careful thought should be given to how a reader would use a table, and what level of detail is appropriate.

適用性[编辑]

適當使用[编辑]

Tables are a way of presenting links, data, or information in rows and columns. They are a complex form of list, formatted into a systematic grid pattern. Tables might be useful for presenting mathematical data such as multiplication tables, comparative figures, or sporting results. They may also be useful for presenting equivalent words in two or more languages; for awards by type and year; complex discographies; etc.

The sortability of multiple columns in a table is a powerful tool that helps the reader to understand relationships and find patterns in large lists. The sortability of tables makes them very useful for "List of..." articles in Wikipedia, which are intended to give an overview of the subject area, and to allow easy comparisons among many similar items. Avoid cramming too much detailed information into individual table entries; if appropriate, the reader should be able to click a Wikilink to read a full, detailed article corresponding to a concise table entry.

Often a list is best left as a list. Before reformatting a list into table form, consider whether the information will be more clearly conveyed by virtue of having rows and columns. If so, then a table is probably a good choice. If there is no obvious benefit to having rows and columns, then a table is probably not the best choice.

Tables should not be misused to resolve visual layout problems. If the information you are editing is not tabular in nature, it probably does not belong in a table: Do not misuse tables for putting a caption under a photograph, arranging a group of links, or other strictly visual features. These practices make the article harder for other Wikipedians to edit, and is likely to cause problems when viewed on different display sizes and aspect ratios. Also, when compared with tables, wikimarkup is more flexible, easier to use, and less arcane when used correctly for desktop publishing layout, page elements, and page orientation and positioning.

Examples:

標準多欄排序表格[编辑]

賽事結果
Outcome No. Year Championship Opponent in the final Score Reference
Winner 1. 1981 World Championship 威爾士 Doug Mountjoy 18–12 [1]
Winner 2. 1983 World Championship (2) 加拿大 Cliff Thorburn 18–6 [1]
Winner 3 1983 International Open 加拿大 Cliff Thorburn 9–3 [2]
Winner 4. 1984 Classic 英格兰 Tony Meo 9–8 [3]
Winner 5. 1984 World Championship (3) 英格兰 Jimmy White 18–16 [1]
Winner 6. 1984 International Open (2) 英格兰 Tony Knowles 9–2 [2]
Winner 7. 1984 UK Championship 北爱尔兰 Alex Higgins 16–8 [4]
Runner-up 1. 1985 World Championship 北爱尔兰 Dennis Taylor 17–18 [1]
Winner 8. 1985 Grand Prix 北爱尔兰 Dennis Taylor 10–9 [1]
Winner 9. 1985 UK Championship (2) 英格兰 Willie Thorne 16–14 [4]

標準多欄表格含副欄位[编辑]

音樂作品
Year Title Peak chart positions Certifications
CAN
AUS
AUT
GER
NLD
NOR
SWE
SWI
UK
US
North America
Europe
1993 So Far So Good
  • Released: November 2, 1993
  • Label: A&M
2
[5]
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 6 CA: 6× Platinum
US: 5× Platinum
SW: 4× Platinum
UK: 3× Platinum
1999 The Best of Me
  • Released: November 15, 1999
  • Label: A&M
14 18 4 7 13 2 20 3 12 CA: 3× Platinum EU: 2× Platinum[6]
SW: Platinum
UK: Platinum
2005 Anthology
  • Released: October 18, 2005
  • Label: A&M
4 28 30 39 29 65 CA: 2× Platinum UK: Gold
2010 Icon
"—" denotes releases that did not chart.

混用排序多欄表格[编辑]

電影作品
List of acting performances in film and television
Year Title Role Notes
1961 Barabbas Patrician in Arena uncredited
1962 Hemingway's Adventures of a Young Man undetermined role uncredited
1963 Beverly Hillbillies, TheThe·Beverly Hillbillies Janet Trego TV series, 15 episodes
1963 Mister Ed
  • Telephone Operator
  • Sailor's Girl
  • TV series, episodes:
  • "Love Thy New Neighbor"
  • "Ed Discovers America"
1964 Americanization of Emily, TheThe·Americanization of Emily Beautiful Girl uncredited
1965 Man from U.N.C.L.E., TheThe·Man from U.N.C.L.E. Therapist TV series, episode: "The Girls of Nazarone Affair"
1966 Eye of the Devil Odile de Caray
1967 Fearless Vampire Killers, TheThe·Fearless Vampire Killers Sarah Shagal
1967 Don't Make Waves Malibu
1967 Valley of the Dolls Jennifer North
1968 Rosemary's Baby Girl at Party uncredited
1968 Wrecking Crew, TheThe·Wrecking Crew Freya Carlson
1969 Thirteen Chairs, TheThe·Thirteen Chairs
(also known as 12+1)
Pat released posthumously

多欄定序表格[编辑]

獎項
Year Award Title Result
1932 Outstanding Production Arrowsmith 提名
1935 Outstanding Production The Informer 提名
1935 Best Director The Informer 獲獎
1939 Best Director Stagecoach 提名
1940 Outstanding Production The Long Voyage Home 提名
1940 Best Director The Grapes of Wrath 獲獎
1941 Best Motion Picture How Green Was My Valley 獲獎
1941 Best Director How Green Was My Valley 獲獎
1942 Best Documentary The Battle of Midway 獲獎
1943 Best Documentary, Short Subjects December 7th 獲獎
1952 Best Motion Picture The Quiet Man 提名
1952 Best Director The Quiet Man 獲獎

多欄定序表格數字靠右[编辑]

數學表格
乘法運算表
× 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
2 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
3 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30
4 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40
5 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50
6 6 12 18 24 30 36 42 48 54 60
7 7 14 21 28 35 42 49 56 63 70
8 8 16 24 32 40 48 56 64 72 80
9 9 18 27 36 45 54 63 72 81 90
10 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

樹狀圖(分支圖)左側起始[编辑]

Cladograms
 Crocodylinae 

"Crocodylus" megarhinus


 Mekosuchinae 

Kambara



Australosuchus



Trilophosuchus




 Osteolaeminae 


Rimasuchus




"Crocodylus" pigotti



Euthecodon





Voay




Osteolaemus osborni



O. tetraspis






Mecistops




Crocodylus anthropophagus



C. palaeindicus




C. palustris




C. siamensis




C. johnsoni



C. novaeguineae



C. mindorensis







C. niloticus




C. acutus



C. intermedius



C. rhombifer



C. moreletii








彩色甘特圖(水平條狀圖)[编辑]

Flow data

不當使用[编辑]

簡單條列[编辑]

如果表格內容很簡單,最好使用維基標準條列格式以取代表格。條列格式比表格更容易維護,通常也比較容易閱讀。

以下是一個條列範例,其格式為:

* 1980: Ultra Wave
* 1988: What's Bootsy Doin'?
* 1994: Blasters of the Universe
* 1994: Fresh Outta 'P' Uni

這樣會顯示為:

  • 1980: Ultra Wave
  • 1988: What's Bootsy Doin'?
  • 1994: Blasters of the Universe
  • 1994: Fresh Outta 'P' Uni

若使用表格格式:

{| class="wikitable"
|1980
|Ultra Wave
|-
|1988
|What's Bootsy Doin'?
|-
|1994
|Blasters of the Universe
|-
|1994
|Fresh Outta 'P' Uni
|}

其顯示為:

1980 Ultra Wave
1988 What's Bootsy Doin'?
1994 Blasters of the Universe
1994 Fresh Outta 'P' Uni

散文體[编辑]

Prose is preferred in articles as prose allows the presentation of detail and clarification of context, in a way that a table may not. Prose flows, like one person speaking to another, and is best suited to articles, because their purpose is to explain. Tables which are mainly links, which are most useful for browsing subject areas, should usually have their own entries: see Wikipedia:Stand-alone lists for detail. In an article, significant items should normally be mentioned naturally within the text rather than merely tabulated.

頁面佈局[编辑]

Page layouts (using multiple columns, positioning elements, adding borders, etc.) should be done via CSS, not tables, whenever possible.

  • Images and other embedded media should be positioned using standard image syntax.
  • There are several templates available that will create preformatted multi-column layouts: see Help:Columns.
  • Other elements can be positioned or given special formatting through the use of the HTML <div> element and CSS styling.

參見[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Turner, Chris. World Professional Championship. cajt.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk. Chris Turner's Snooker Archive. [18 March 2011]. 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Turner, Chris. International Open Goya, Matchroom Trophy. cajt.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk. Chris Turner's Snooker Archive. [18 March 2011]. 
  3. ^ Turner, Chris. Classic. cajt.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk. Chris Turner's Snooker Archive. [18 March 2011]. 
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 Turner, Chris. UK Championship. cajt.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk. Chris Turner's Snooker Archive. [18 March 2011]. 
  5. ^ Top Albums/CDs – Volume 58, No. 25. RPM (Library and Archives Canada). January 10, 1994 [August 15, 2010]. 
  6. ^ IFPI Platinum Europe Awards: 2002 Awards. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) – Europe. [August 15, 2010].