XML Schema 语言

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XML schema是指各种XML文档(称作schema),用于表示在XML一般规则之外的特定文档的结构与内容的约束。其中被W3C采纳为推荐标准的schema语言是XSD.

XML schema语言的不完全列表:

语言 缩写 版本 机构
CLiX (markup)英语CLiX (markup)(Constraint Language in XML) CLiX 2005 Independent[1]
Document Content Description facility for XML, an Resource Description Framework(RDF) framework[2] DCD v1.0 (1998) W3C (Note)
Document Definition Markup Language英语Document Definition Markup Language DDML v0 (1999) W3C (Note)
Document Structure Description英语Document Structure Description DSD 2002, 2005 BRICS (defunct)
文档类型定义 DTD 1986 (SGML) ISO[3]
2008 (XML) ISO/IEC[3]
Namespace Routing Language英语Namespace Routing Language NRL 2003 Independent[4]
Namespace-based Validation Dispatching Language英语Namespace-based Validation Dispatching Language NVDL 2006 ISO/IEC[5]
OASIS CAM英语OASIS CAM(Content Assembly Mechanism) CAM 2007 OASIS
RELAX NG英语RELAX NG(REgular LAnguage for XML Next Generation) RELAX NG, RelaxNG 2001,[6] Compact Syntax (2002)[7] OASIS
v1 (2003), v1 Compact Syntax (2006), v2 (2008) ISO/IEC[5]
Schema for Object-Oriented XML英语Schema for Object-Oriented XML SOX ? ?
Schematron英语Schematron N/A 2006 ISO/IEC[5]
XDR Schema英语XDR Schema(XML-Data Reduced) XDR ? ?
ASN.1 XML Encoding Rules XER ? ?
XML Schema WXS, XSD 1.0 (2004), 1.1 (2012) W3C

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Marconi, Michael; Nentwich, Christian (编). CLiX Language Specification Version 1.0. 31 January 2004. (原始内容存档于2015年1月9日). 
  2. ^ Bray, Tim; Frankston, Charles; Malhotra, Ashok (编). Document Content Description for XML: Submission to the World Wide Web Consortium. World Wide Web Consortium. 31 July 1998. 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Standards and projects under the direct responsibility of ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 34 Secretariat. ISO Standards catalogue. 
  4. ^ Clark, James. Namespace Routing Language (NRL). Thai Open Source Software Center, Ltd. 13 June 2003. 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 5.2 Freely Available Standards. ISO. 
  6. ^ Clark, James; Makoto, MURATA (编). RELAX NG Specification. OASIS. 3 December 2001. 
  7. ^ Clark, James (编). RELAX NG Compact Syntax. OASIS. 21 November 2002. 

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