中国名人录

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Who's Who in China, 3rd ed..jpg

中国名人录》(英语:Who's Who in China),是《密勒氏评论报》(Millard's Review)与更名后的《中国每周评论》(The China Weekly Review)于1918-1950年间出版的名人录系列作,九度更新紧贴时局,图文并荗介绍中华民国政商人士及专业精英,系研究民国史的外文参考书。系列作并非旨在囊括一切名人,而是尽可能令世界认识中国人[1]

时代背景[编辑]

1917年6月9日,美国记者汤姆斯·密勒T. F. Millard)在上海创刊《密勒氏评论报》,读者主要是在华外侨、中国政界和知识分子,海外读者亦多,在美国、欧洲和中国有一定的影响力[2]。1919年,《密勒氏评论报》由约翰·比尔·鲍威尔(John Bill Powell)接管,英文名改为《中国每周评论》,其子约翰·威廉·鲍威尔英语John W. PowellJohn W. Powell)随后继任主编。[3]

编纂取材[编辑]

鲍威尔父子的信息来自北京和天津的外国人,以及在该报做的调查问卷,受访者包括商界和科学界,还采访了清华学校校友及从美国归国的人士[4]

在1925年之前,《中国每周评论》已经出版两次《中国名人录》,但主编鲍威尔父子仍然希望继续更新,以囊括最新的中国国内人物变化。1924年9月的第二次直奉战争,直接促使了鲍威尔父子进行第三次改版的延期和出版[5]

1931年,日军入侵中国东北和上海,所以鲍威尔父子在1933年进行了第四版的补充版,囊括了当时抵抗日军的国共军事将领、以及一些著名的佛教僧侣[6]

体例举隅[编辑]

以下为第三版(1925年)的首五十则体例,所列英文译名及图片皆照原文刊出(余下四百多则体例见表格下方“显示”栏)。

译名 中文名
An Ti-sheng 安迪生 厚斋 An Disheng.jpg
Ch'a Liang-chao 查良钊 勉仲 Zha Liangzhao.jpg
Chai Chao-lin 翟兆麟 瑞符 Zhai Zhaolin.jpg
Chang Ch'a 张詧 退庵 Zhang Cha.jpg
Chang Chi-ying (Chang Nieh-yun) 张骥英 𥬞云 Zhang Jiying.jpg
Chang Chia-ao (Chang Kia-ngau) 张嘉璈 公权 Zhang Jia'ao2.jpg
Chang Chia-shen (Carson Chang) 张嘉森 君励 Zhang Junmai2.jpg
Chang Chien 张謇 季直 Zhang Jian2.jpg
Chang Chien-wen (Tsang Chan-vung) 张鉴文 达卿 Zhang Jianwen.jpg
Chang Ch'ih-t'an (Chang Chih-tan) 张志潭 远伯 Zhang Zhitan.jpg
Chang Ching-fen (Chang King-fan) 张景芬 仁农 Zhang Jingfen.jpg
Chang Ching-hui 张景惠 叙五 Zhang Jinghui3.jpg
Chang Ching-yao 张敬尧 勋臣 Zhang Jingyao.jpg
Chang Chung-chang 张宗昌 Zhang Zongchang.jpg
Chang Fu-lai 张福来 子恒 Zhang Fulai.jpg
Chang Fu-yun 张福运 景文 Zhang Fuyun.jpg
Chang Hsi-yuan 张锡元 嘏民 Zhang Xiyuan.jpg
Chang Hsiang-lin (Ziang-ling Chang) 张祥麟 祥麟 Zhang Xianglin.jpg
Chang Hsiang-wen 张相文 蔚西 Zhang Xiangwen.jpg
Chang Hsiao-je (Chang Chien-Jr.) 张孝若 诒祖 Zhang Xiaoruo.jpg
Chang Hsueh-Iiang 张学良 汉卿 Zhang Xueliang3.jpg
Chang Hu 张弧 岱杉 Zhang Hu, before 1925.jpg
Chang Huai-chih 张怀芝 子志 Zhang Huaizhi.jpg
Chang Hung-lieh (H. L. Chang) 张洪烈 幼山 Zhang Honglie.jpg
Chang I-lin 张一麐 仲仁 Zhang Yilin.jpg
Chang Kuang-chien 张广建 勋伯 Zhang Guangjian.jpg

 

译名 中文名
Chang Kuo-kan 张国淦 干若 Zhang Guogan.jpg
Chang Li-ao (L. N. Chang) 张履鳌 履鳌 Zhang Lüao.jpg
Chang Lu-ch'uan 张鲁泉 鲁泉 Zhang Luquan.jpg
Chang Pai-ling (Chang Po-ling) 张伯苓 伯苓 Zhang Boling.jpg
Chang Shao-tseng 张绍曾 敬舆 Zhang Shaozeng3.jpg
Chang Shih-chao (S. C. Chang) 章士钊 Zhang Shizhao2.jpg
Chang Shou-ling 张寿龄 筱松 Zhang Shouling.jpg
Chang Tsai-yang 张载扬 暄初 Zhang Zaiyang.jpg
Chang Tso-hsiang 张作相 辅臣 Zhang Zuoxiang.jpg
Chang Tso-lin 张作霖 雨亭 Zhang Zuolin.jpg
Chang Tsung-hsiang 章宗祥 仲和 Zhang Zongxiang.jpg
Chang Tsung-yuan 章宗元 伯初 Zhang Zongyuan.jpg
Chang Yao-hsiang (Chang Yao-chiang) 张耀翔 耀翔 Zhang Yaoxiang.jpg
Chang Ying-fang 张膺方 亚馨 Zhang Yingfang.jpg
Chang Ying-hua 张英华 月笙 Zhang Yinghua2.jpg
Chang Yu-ch'uan (Y. C. Chang) 张煜全 昶云 Zhang Yuquan.jpg
Chang Yuan-shan (Y. S. Djang) 章元善 彦驯 Zhang Yuanshan.jpg
Chao Ch'ing-hua 赵庆华 燧山 Zhao Qinghua.jpg
Chao Erh-sun 赵尔巽 次珊 Zhao Erxun.jpg
Chao Heng-t'i 赵恒惕 炎午 Zhao Hengti.jpg
Chao Hsi-en (S. U. Zau) 赵锡恩 晋卿 Zhao Xi'en.jpg
Chao Kuo-t'sai (G. T. Chao) 赵国材 月潭 Zhao Guocai.jpg
Chao Te-san (H. T. Chao) 赵德三 宣堂 Zhao Desan.jpg
Chao Yu-k'e 赵玉珂 子声 Zhao Yuke.jpg







版本[编辑]

第三、四、五版另有增补版,故总共九版。

  • Who's Who in China, 1st ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1918.
  • Who's Who in China, 2nd ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1920.
  • Who's Who in China, 3rd ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1925.
  • Who's Who in China, Suppl. to 3rd ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1928.
  • Who's Who in China, 4th ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1931.
  • Who's Who in China, Suppl. to 4th ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1933.
  • Who's Who in China, 5th ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1936.
  • Who's Who in China, Suppl. to 5th ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1940.
  • Who's Who in China, 6th ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1950.

另见[编辑]

条目脚注[编辑]

  1. ^ 王世澂误

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Who's Who in China, 3rd ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1925. pp.5 "The civil war of September, 1924, forced the revision of many of the biographies and delayed for several months the publication of this volume."
  2. ^ 朱少伟. 《密勒氏评论报》见证现代风云. 新民晚报. 2009-07-19 [2014-01-13]. (原始内容存档于2014-01-13). 
  3. ^ 沈荟、程礼红. “中国人民忙于重建自己的国家,他们没有时间放松和娱乐” 《密勒氏评论报》报道成立伊始的新中国. 人民网(《新闻记者》杂志供稿). 2009-09-29 [2014-01-13]. (原始内容存档于2016-03-04). 
  4. ^ Who's Who in China, 3rd ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1925. pp.5 "Then about a year ago, owing to the attention which has been devoted to the Returned Students and their place in modern Chinese Society, it was suggested that we include the names and biographies of the alumni of Tsing Hua College of Pe- king, otherwise the names and information regarding the Chinese men and women who have studied in the United States through the school in Peking which was established as a result of the lirst remission of the American share of the China Boxer In- demnity. This list was compiled by Mr. C. T. Tsai, Alumni Secretary through the courtesy of Dr. Y. S. Tsao, President of the institution."
  5. ^ Who's Who in China, 3rd ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1925. pp.5 "The civil war of September, 1924, forced the revision of many of the biographies and delayed for several months the publication of this volume."
  6. ^ Who's Who in China, 4th ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1931. "the contents of the bock may be briefly described under the following group- ings; (1) Revisions of biographies of the leading officials of the National Government, military and civil; (li) The military and political leaders who participated in the :ance against the Japanese invasion of the Three Eastern Provinces, Shanghai, Jehol and North China proper during the period of 1931-33; (3) Provincial Governors and regional military leaders in the various provinces ranging from Sinkiang to Canton; (4) Educational workers and men of profession; (5) Leaders of business and industry banghai and elsewhere in China; (6) Christian and Welfare workers. As a special feature, the book contains the first Chinese Buddhist menk and one Thibetan religious leader from Hsikang in Inner Thibet."