媒体马戏团

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在2004年8月,一名恐怖份子对新泽西州纽华克保德信金融集团英语Prudential Financial总部大楼和纽约市其它建筑物的威胁的证据的消息公布后,新闻媒体卫星上行线路卡车与摄影记者聚集在其门外。

媒体马戏团英语:Media circus)是一个口语的隐喻惯用语,用来描述媒体在被报导事件的报导范围超出比例的新闻事件,例如在现场的记者数量,新闻媒体刊登或播出的数量,和媒体的炒作程度。此用语是透过与马戏团相比的方法来批判媒体,通常是负面的,且被认为是反对如实观察的惯用语。在1970年代时,该用语被用作这种意思已很普遍[1][2]

历史[编辑]

尽管构想更为古早,术语“媒体马戏团”大约在1970年代中期时开始出现。林恩·哈尼(Lynn Haney)在1976年写的书是一个早期的例子,她写了有关运动员克里斯·艾芙特的爱情故事:“毕竟,他们的恋爱,一直都是‘媒体马戏团’[3]”。几年后,华盛顿邮报也有刊登一个类似的恋爱例子,“格蕾丝王妃仍然因为她在1956年嫁给兰尼埃亲王的婚礼成为了‘媒体马戏团’而精神受创[4]”。自1970年代以来,随着时间的推移,这个词已经越来越受欢迎。

成为批判媒体的原因,因使用的人而异。然而,大多数批评的核心是当其它更重要的新闻议题因为报导炒作议题而得到较少的公众关注时,将会产生显著的机会成本

媒体马戏团在1951年的电影“倒扣的王牌英语Ace in the Hole (film)”中成了重要的剧情手段,该电影是关于一名自私的记者报导了一场矿坑灾难,使得一个人受困而死在地底下。这部电影冷嘲热讽地探讨了媒体和他们所报导的新闻之间的关系。该电影后来被以“盛大的狂欢节(The Big Carnival)”之名重新发表,其中“狂欢节(carnival)”在当时是指“马戏团(circus)”。

事例[编辑]

被描述成是媒体马戏团的事件包括:

英国[编辑]

美国[编辑]

2011年5月26日在斯特劳斯-卡恩公寓门前的照相机和记者

阿鲁巴[编辑]

澳洲[编辑]

巴西[编辑]

智利[编辑]

意大利[编辑]

秘鲁[编辑]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ Gilmore case turning into a circus for media. Milwaukee Journal. 1976-12-03. The worldwide attention that condemned killer Gary Gilmore is receiving has turned his case into a media circus Utah residents are saying 
  2. ^ Miller, Gene. Only in America - the Gary Gilmore Circus has everything but dancing bears. The Evening Independent. 1976-12-08. There is most appallingly, an only-in-America spectacle wherein a quest for justice becomes an extravaganza for the fast buck. Come, come, come to the circus. 
  3. ^ Lynn Haney (1976). Chris Evert, the Young Champion.
  4. ^ Washington Post B1, June 29, 1978. This is the oldest quote the Oxford English Dictionary has listed, although obviously there are older occurrences.
  5. ^ Knapton, Sarah. Jade Goody dies after cancer battle bringing media circus to end. The Daily Telegraph (London). March 22, 2009 [May 12, 2010]. 
  6. ^ Rodriguez, Linda. No one outside of the media-political circus cares about the phone hacking scandal. July 22, 2011 [August 17, 2011]. 
  7. ^ Gelman, David, Greenberg, Peter S. et al., "Ringmaster at the circus," Newsweek. New York: Jan. 31, 1977. Vol.89, Iss. 5; pg. 77. Source type: Periodical. ISSN: 00289604. ProQuest document ID: 1098541. Document URL: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1098541&sid=1&Fmt=2&clientId=76566&RQT=309&VName=PQD (subscription) retrieved Dec. 20, 2006
  8. ^ (Elizabeth Davis, The Daily Beacon, January 12, 1996).存档副本. [2002-11-06]. (原始内容存档于2002-11-06). 
  9. ^ Newsweek, "Martha's Fall," March 15, 2005 [1]
  10. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/casey-anthony-trial-turned-media-frenzy-031041514.html
  11. ^ 存档副本. [2015-12-10]. (原始内容存档于2013-10-19). 
  12. ^ Casey Anthony trial turned into media frenzy. Reuters. July 6, 2011. 
  13. ^ Casey Anthony trial: Media frenzy at new heights. CBS News. 
  14. ^ "Trayvon Martin shooting: Debate over photos escalates". Yahoo! News.
  15. ^ Jodi Arias Trial: An Over-The-Top Media-Spectacle. Huffington Post. May 22, 2013. 
  16. ^ Jodi Arias Trial: Jurors weigh murder charge amid "real-life soap opera" spectacle. CBS News. May 6, 2013. 
  17. ^ Jodi Arias trial attracts watchers from across the nation. FOX News. February 5, 2013. (原始内容存档于2013年4月30日). 
  18. ^ In Arias trial, TV cameras never far behind. Yahoo! News. May 22, 2013. 
  19. ^ Is the Jodi Arias Trial the Craziest in America?. Inside Edition. April 11, 2013. 
  20. ^ Amid many trials, a frenzy over Jodi Arias. USA Today. May 12, 2013. 
  21. ^ When is enough Natalee Holloway madness enough?. Caribbean Net News. 2005-08-23. (原始内容存档于2008-06-22). 
  22. ^ Media circus comes digging for gold. Sydney Morning Herald. May 4, 2006. 
  23. ^ 存档副本. [2012-07-08]. (原始内容存档于2012-07-08). 
  24. ^ Global Voices - Brazil: Making a child murder into a media show
  25. ^ As media circus wanes...
  26. ^ The media circus around Chile's trapped miners.
  27. ^ The ‘Get’ Game Gets Going at Chile Miner Media Circus
  28. ^ Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox compared to Goebbels by prosecutors. Telegraph (UK) (Perugia). September 23, 2011 [2011-09-27]. "The trial must be held here, in this courtroom. This lobbying, this media and political circus, this heavy interference, forget all of it," the prosecutor said 
  29. ^ Peru police confirm Van der Sloot's murder confession. Radio Netherlands Worldwide. 2010-06-09. (原始内容存档于2010-06-11).