塞索托语

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塞索托语
Sesotho
发音 sɪ̀sʊ́tʰʊ̀
母语国家和地区  赖索托
 南非
族群 巴苏陀人
母语使用人数 560万(2001–2011)[1]
789万人作为第二语言 (2002)[2]
语系
文字 拉丁字母(塞索托字母)
塞索托盲文
Signed Sotho
官方地位
作为官方语言  赖索托
 南非
 辛巴威
管理机构 Pan South African Language Board
语言代码
ISO 639-1 st
ISO 639-2 sot
ISO 639-3 sot
Glottolog sout2807[3]
格思里代码 S.33[4]
语言瞭望站 99-AUT-ee incl. varieties 99-AUT-eea to 99-AUT-eee
South Africa 2011 Sotho speakers proportion map.svg
  0–20%
  20–40%
  40–60%
  60–80%
  80–100%

塞索托语塞索托语Sesotho)是南非11种官方语言之一,还是莱索托的国语,属于班图语支。它是一种黏着语,用许多的词缀、派生词以及屈折变化来构成句子。这种语言有39个辅音,9个元音。

参考文献[编辑]

  • Batibo, H. M., Moilwa, J., and Mosaka N. 1997. The historical implications of the linguistic relationship between Makua and Sotho languages. In PULA Journal of African Studies, vol. 11, no. 1
  • Doke, C. M., and Mofokeng, S. M. 1974. Textbook of Southern Sotho Grammar. Cape Town: Longman Southern Africa, 3rd. impression. ISBN 0-582-61700-6.
  • Ntaoleng, B. S. 2004. Sociolinguistic variation in spoken and written Sesotho: A case study of speech varieties in Qwaqwa. M.A. thesis. University of South Africa.
  • Tšiu, W. M. 2001. Basotho family odes (Diboko) and oral tradition. M.A. thesis. University of South Africa
  1. ^ 塞索托语 at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Webb, Vic. 2002. "Language in South Africa: the role of language in national transformation, reconstruction and development." Impact: Studies in language and society, 14:78
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian (编). Southern Sotho. Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 2016. 
  4. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online