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心智政权

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心智政权英语:Noocracy/noʊˈɒkrəsi/, /ˈnoʊ.əkrəsi/),亦称智主政治柏拉图给予的定义是以智慧为主体的政权[注 1],根据佛拉迪米尔·维尔纳斯基提出的说明,它是一个基于人类思想为优先的社会与政治体系。在德日进的著作里,描述其未来的发展。

词源[编辑]

这个词的本身源自于希腊语智性[注 2],通常〔noos〕[注 3]是指心智[注 4]或是智力英语Intellect[注 5],而〔kratos〕[注 6]是指权威[注 7]或是权力[注 8]

发展[编辑]

尝试实行于政治体系的首例之一,可能是毕达哥拉斯的智慧之城[注 9]毕达哥拉斯与他的追随者,即毕氏教团的成员们[注 10],曾经共同计划在今日的义大利建造智慧之城。在近代历史上,佛拉迪米尔·维尔纳斯基也曾经提出类似的概念,不同的是,这个概念必须使用心智圈[注 11]一词作为代表名称。

正如柏拉图所定义的,心智政权被认为是可适用于未来人类的政治体系,甚至是可以取代民主体系[注 12]与其他的政权体制。

艾力·贺佛尔对此却抱持不同的看法,因为他提出非主流的观点,有时会被称为码头工人哲学家[注 13][来源请求]。由于柏拉图的哲学家国王[注 14]概念就像是变成教师型统治[注 15]一般,所以艾力·贺佛尔鄙视柏拉图的思想概念,这也暗示著,对于人类行为或是生活的潮流趋势,柏拉图夸大了这一部分的重要性[来源请求]

学术著作[编辑]

欧洲联盟委员会社群研究机构的出版著作《自由的艺术与科学研究:朝向生活的文化》[注 17]一书中,汉斯·约纳斯以及拉迪斯拉夫·科瓦拉区[注 18]也提出对于心智政权的几项评论。[1]

举目前具争议性的议题基因改造食品或是转基因生物为例,以教科书上的科学知识对此来设立政策方针。

注释[编辑]

  1. ^ 英语:aristocracy of the wise
  2. ^ 英语:nous
  3. ^ 希腊语νους
  4. ^ 英语:Mind
  5. ^ 英语:Intellect
  6. ^ 希腊语κράτος
  7. ^ 英语:Authority
  8. ^ 英语:Power
  9. ^ 英语:city of the wise
  10. ^ 英语:the order of mathematikoi
  11. ^ 英语:Noosphere
  12. ^ 英语:the authority of the crowd
  13. ^ 英语:longshoreman philosopher
  14. ^ 英语:philosopher-king
  15. ^ 英语:rule by schoolmasters
  16. ^ 英语:the thinking matter increases its mass in nature and geo- and biosphere grow into noosphere, the future of the humanity can be envisioned as noocracy--that is the power of the collective brain rather than separate individuals representing certain social groups or society as whole
  17. ^ 英语:Art & Scientific Research are Free: Towards a Culture of Life
  18. ^ 斯洛伐克语Ladislav Kováč
  19. ^ 英语:If Plato called his conception of governments a "sophocracy," then a political system characterized by social experimentation with a scientific institutionalized base could be called a "noocracy." Noocracy would not be the reign of the philosopher-king as seen in Plato. But nor would it be governed by science or the scientists. Power, a power acquired and maintained according to the laws of competition, would remain in the hands of the political elites but with these elites being professionally trained, making the most of the analysis, the forecasts and the propositions emanating from a vast array of advisory groups made up of experts from all areas of science, and setting up fieldwork experiments.
  20. ^ 英语:Within a noocracy in its own right, GMO would be tested in one or several areas or nations and scientifically monitored by all, under the aegis of a main administration body. With, at the end of the day, the costs and profits equitably shared by all. The principle of precaution, highly controversial at the present time, would then be applied, without slowing-down nor impeding the implementation of scientific inventions.

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ Art & Scientific Research Are Free, European Commission, European Commission Community research, Semar Publishers Srl, 2005, ISBN 8877781025, ISBN 9788877781024

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