中國名人錄

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(已重新導向自 中国名人录(第三版))
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Who's Who in China, 3rd ed..jpg

《中國名人錄》英語:Who's Who in China),《上海密勒氏評論報》(The China Weekly Review)於1918-1950年間系列作,九度更新緊貼時局,圖文並荗介紹中華民國政商大老及專業精英,係研究民國史的重量級外文參考書。系列作並非旨在囊括一切名人,而是儘可能令世界認識中國人。[1]

時代背景[編輯]

1917年6月9日,湯姆斯·密勒(T.F.Millard)在上海創刊《密勒氏評論報》(英語:Millard's Review),讀者主要是在華外僑、中國政界和知識分子,海外讀者亦多,在美國、歐洲和中國有一定的影響力[2]。1919年,《密勒氏評論報》由約翰·比爾·鮑威爾(John Bill Powell)接管,英文名改為《中國每周評論》(The China Weekly Review),其子約翰·威廉·鮑威爾英語John W. Powell隨後繼任主編。[3]

編纂取材[編輯]

鮑威爾父子的信息來自北京和天津的外國人,以及在該報做的調查問卷,受訪者包括商界和科學界,還採訪了清華學校校友及從美國歸國的人士[4]

在1925年之前,《中國每周評論》已經出版兩次《中國名人錄》,但主編鮑威爾父子仍然希望繼續更新,以囊括最新的中國國內人物變化。1924年9月的第二次直奉戰爭,直接促使了鮑威爾父子進行第三次改版的延期和出版[5]

1931年同時,日本入侵中國東北和上海,所以鮑威爾父子在1933年進行了第四版的補充版,囊括了當時抵抗日軍的國共軍事將領,以及一些著名的佛教僧侶[6]

體例舉隅[編輯]

以下為第三版(1925年)的首五十則體例,所列英文譯名及圖片皆照原文刊出(餘下四百多則體例見表格下方「顯示」欄)。

譯名 中文名
An Ti-sheng 安迪生 厚齋 An Disheng.jpg
Ch'a Liang-chao 查良釗 勉仲 Zha Liangzhao.jpg
Chai Chao-lin 翟兆麟 瑞符 Zhai Zhaolin.jpg
Chang Ch'a 張詧 退庵 Zhang Cha.jpg
Chang Chi-ying (Chang Nieh-yun) 張驥英 籋雲 Zhang Jiying.jpg
Chang Chia-ao (Chang Kia-ngau) 張嘉璈 公權 Zhang Jia'ao2.jpg
Chang Chia-shen (Carson Chang) 張嘉森 君勵 Zhang Junmai2.jpg
Chang Chien 張謇 季直 Zhang Jian2.jpg
Chang Chien-wen (Tsang Chan-vung) 張鑑文 達卿 Zhang Jianwen.jpg
Chang Ch'ih-t'an (Chang Chih-tan) 張志潭 遠伯 Zhang Zhitan.jpg
Chang Ching-fen (Chang King-fan) 張景芬 仁農 Zhang Jingfen.jpg
Chang Ching-hui 張景惠 敘五 Zhang Jinghui3.jpg
Chang Ching-yao 張敬堯 勳臣 Zhang Jingyao.jpg
Chang Chung-chang 張宗昌 Zhang Zongchang.jpg
Chang Fu-lai 張福來 子恆 Zhang Fulai.jpg
Chang Fu-yun 張福運 景文 Zhang Fuyun.jpg
Chang Hsi-yuan 張錫元 嘏民 Zhang Xiyuan.jpg
Chang Hsiang-lin (Ziang-ling Chang) 張祥麟 祥麟 Zhang Xianglin.jpg
Chang Hsiang-wen 張相文 蔚西 Zhang Xiangwen.jpg
Chang Hsiao-je (Chang Chien-Jr.) 張孝若 詒祖 Zhang Xiaoruo.jpg
Chang Hsueh-Iiang 張學良 漢卿 Zhang Xueliang3.jpg
Chang Hu 張弧 岱杉 Zhang Hu, before 1925.jpg
Chang Huai-chih 張懷芝 子志 Zhang Huaizhi.jpg
Chang Hung-lieh (H. L. Chang) 張洪烈 幼山 Zhang Honglie.jpg
Chang I-lin 張一麐 仲仁 Zhang Yilin.jpg
Chang Kuang-chien 張廣建 勳伯 Zhang Guangjian.jpg

 

譯名 中文名
Chang Kuo-kan 張國淦 乾若 Zhang Guogan.jpg
Chang Li-ao (L. N. Chang) 張履鼇 履鼇 Zhang Lüao.jpg
Chang Lu-ch'uan 張魯泉 魯泉 Zhang Luquan.jpg
Chang Pai-ling (Chang Po-ling) 張伯苓 伯苓 Zhang Boling.jpg
Chang Shao-tseng 張紹曾 敬輿 Zhang Shaozeng3.jpg
Chang Shih-chao (S. C. Chang) 章士釗 Zhang Shizhao2.jpg
Chang Shou-ling 張壽齡 筱松 Zhang Shouling.jpg
Chang Tsai-yang 張載揚 暄初 Zhang Zaiyang.jpg
Chang Tso-hsiang 張作相 輔臣 Zhang Zuoxiang.jpg
Chang Tso-lin 張作霖 雨亭 Zhang Zuolin.jpg
Chang Tsung-hsiang 章宗祥 仲和 Zhang Zongxiang.jpg
Chang Tsung-yuan 章宗元 伯初 Zhang Zongyuan.jpg
Chang Yao-hsiang (Chang Yao-chiang) 張耀翔 耀翔 Zhang Yaoxiang.jpg
Chang Ying-fang 張膺方 亞馨 Zhang Yingfang.jpg
Chang Ying-hua 張英華 月笙 Zhang Yinghua2.jpg
Chang Yu-ch'uan (Y. C. Chang) 張煜全 昶雲 Zhang Yuquan.jpg
Chang Yuan-shan (Y. S. Djang) 章元善 彥馴 Zhang Yuanshan.jpg
Chao Ch'ing-hua 趙慶華 燧山 Zhao Qinghua.jpg
Chao Erh-sun 趙爾巽 次珊 Zhao Erxun.jpg
Chao Heng-t'i 趙恆惕 炎午 Zhao Hengti.jpg
Chao Hsi-en (S. U. Zau) 趙錫恩 晉卿 Zhao Xi'en.jpg
Chao Kuo-t'sai (G. T. Chao) 趙國材 月潭 Zhao Guocai.jpg
Chao Te-san (H. T. Chao) 趙德三 宣堂 Zhao Desan.jpg
Chao Yu-k'e 趙玉珂 子聲 Zhao Yuke.jpg







版本[編輯]

第三、四、五版另有增補版,故總共九版。

  • Who's Who in China, 1st ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1918.
  • Who's Who in China, 2nd ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1920.
  • Who's Who in China, 3rd ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1925.
  • Who's Who in China, Suppl. to 3rd ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1928.
  • Who's Who in China, 4th ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1931.
  • Who's Who in China, Suppl. to 4th ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1933.
  • Who's Who in China, 5th ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1936.
  • Who's Who in China, Suppl. to 5th ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1940.
  • Who's Who in China, 6th ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1950.

條目腳註[編輯]

  1. ^ 王世澂誤

參考文獻[編輯]

  1. ^ Who's Who in China, 3rd ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1925. pp.5 "The civil war of September, 1924, forced the revision of many of the biographies and delayed for several months the publication of this volume."
  2. ^ 朱少偉. 《密勒氏評論報》見證現代風雲. 新民晚報. [2014-01-13]. 
  3. ^ 「中國人民忙於重建自己的國家,他們沒有時間放鬆和娛樂」 《密勒氏評論報》報道成立伊始的新中國 《新聞記者》雜誌供稿 沈薈 程禮紅. 人民網. [2014-01-13]. 
  4. ^ Who's Who in China, 3rd ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1925. pp.5 "Then about a year ago, owing to the attention which has been devoted to the Returned Students and their place in modern Chinese Society, it was suggested that we include the names and biographies of the alumni of Tsing Hua College of Pe- king, otherwise the names and information regarding the Chinese men and women who have studied in the United States through the school in Peking which was established as a result of the lirst remission of the American share of the China Boxer In- demnity. This list was compiled by Mr. C. T. Tsai, Alumni Secretary through the courtesy of Dr. Y. S. Tsao, President of the institution."
  5. ^ Who's Who in China, 3rd ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1925. pp.5 "The civil war of September, 1924, forced the revision of many of the biographies and delayed for several months the publication of this volume."
  6. ^ Who's Who in China, 4th ed. Shanghai: The China Weekly Review. 1931. "the contents of the bock may be briefly described under the following group- ings; (1) Revisions of biographies of the leading officials of the National Government, military and civil; (li) The military and political leaders who participated in the :ance against the Japanese invasion of the Three Eastern Provinces, Shanghai, Jehol and North China proper during the period of 1931-33; (3) Provincial Governors and regional military leaders in the various provinces ranging from Sinkiang to Canton; (4) Educational workers and men of profession; (5) Leaders of business and industry banghai and elsewhere in China; (6) Christian and Welfare workers. As a special feature, the book contains the first Chinese Buddhist menk and one Thibetan religious leader from Hsikang in Inner Thibet."