生物恐怖主義

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生物恐怖主義就是恐怖主義涉及有意釋放或傳播的生物製劑(細菌病毒毒素)。這可能會對自然或人類有害。

定義[編輯]

根據美國疾病控制與預防中心:

A bioterrorism attack is the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria, or other germs (agents) used to cause illness or death in people, animals, or plants. These agents are typically found in nature, but it is possible that they could be changed to increase their ability to cause disease, make them resistant to current medicines, or to increase their ability to be spread into the environment. Biological agents can be spread through the air, through water, or in food. Terrorists may use biological agents because they can be extremely difficult to detect and do not cause illness for several hours to several days. Some bioterrorism agents, like the smallpox virus, can be spread from person to person and some, like anthrax, cannot.[1]

參考翻譯:

生物恐怖襲擊指的是故意釋放出病毒、細菌或其他微生物(稱為生物製劑),以達到使人類、動物或植物致病致死的目的。製劑基本上來源於自然界,但是很可能被培養產生一定的變化,以使其增強致病性,獲得對已有藥劑的耐藥性,或者增加在環境中傳播的能力。生物製劑的傳播方式包括空氣傳播、水傳播或食物傳播等。恐怖分子使用生物製劑的理由在於其很難被監測出來,並且具有幾小時至幾天不等的潛伏期。生物恐怖製劑可能具有在人與人之間傳播的能力,如天花病毒,也可能沒有這種能力,如炭疽菌。

參見[編輯]

參考文獻[編輯]

  1. ^ Bioterrorism Overview, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2008-02-12 [2009-05-22], (原始內容存檔於2016-03-03)