驅蟲藥

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驅蟲藥抗蟲藥(英語:Anthelmintic)指的是對抗內寄生蟲的藥品,一般是通過麻痹或殺死蟲體達到驅蟲的目標。驅蟲藥可以用來治療各種蠕蟲病

不少發展中國家都有大規模驅蟲英語mass deworming的行動,通過給學齡兒童提供一次驅蟲藥實現。[1][2]土緣性寄生蟲的首選藥物是甲苯咪唑阿苯達唑[3]對於血吸蟲病絛蟲英語tapeworm則是吡喹酮[4]

  1. ^ WHO. Preventive chemotherapy in human helminthiasis: coordinated use of anthelminthic drugs in control interventions: a manual for health professionals and programme managers (PDF). WHO Press, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. 2006: 1–61. ISBN 9241547103. 
  2. ^ Albonico, Marco; Allen, Henrietta; Chitsulo, Lester; Engels, Dirk; Gabrielli, Albis-Francesco; Savioli, Lorenzo; Brooker, Simon. Controlling Soil-Transmitted Helminthiasis in Pre-School-Age Children through Preventive Chemotherapy. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 2008, 2 (3): e126. PMC 2274864. PMID 18365031. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000126. 
  3. ^ Taylor-Robinson, David C.; Maayan, Nicola; Donegan, Sarah; Chaplin, Marty; Garner, Paul. Public health deworming programmes for soil-transmitted helminths in children living in endemic areas. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 11 September 2019, 9: CD000371. ISSN 1469-493X. PMC 6737502. PMID 31508807. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD000371.pub7. 
  4. ^ Helminth control in school-age children (PDF). World Health Organization. 2011 [28 July 2015].