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國際癌症研究機構第一級致癌物

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(重新導向自 1类致癌物)
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第一級致癌物(英語:Group 1A carcinogens)為國際癌症研究機構(International Agency for Research on Cancer,IARC)對致癌物質的分類,指的是有足夠的證據證明它們對人類致癌,而且能從人類對這些物質的接觸觀察到與癌症有關的生理變化(基因突變)。

儘管如此,這裏有少數物質沒有足夠的對人致癌證據,但有足夠的證據證明它們對其他某些動物致癌,而且能從人類暴露於這些物質,觀察到與癌症有關的生理變化(基因突變)。

物質和物質組合[編輯]


輻射 Radiations[編輯]

混合物[編輯]

接觸場合[編輯]


參見[編輯]

其他強致癌物


備註[編輯]

  1. 致癌物與否是以一個群體下去衡量,不盡然是化合物群體中的單一個體。這意味着,化合物群體中的某個單體可能並不致癌。( This evaluation applies to the group of compounds as a whole and not necessarily to all individual compounds within the group.)
  2. 以一整群來衡量(Evaluated as a group.)。
  3. 也有證據指出致癌物能保護人類遠離卵巢癌 & 子宮內膜癌 (There is also conclusive evidence that these agents have a protective effect against cancers of the ovary and endometrium.)
  4. 乙醇 本身不是致癌物,但乙醇代謝後會產生致癌的乙醛
  5. 會致癌的放射性同位素已經被單獨放在上方的列表中。
  6. 也有證據顯示諾瓦得士會降低乳癌的發生率。(There is also conclusive evidence that this agent (tamoxifen) reduces the risk of contralateral breast cancer.)

參考來源[編輯]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 IARC: IARC STRENGTHENS ITS FINDINGS ON SEVERAL CARCINOGENIC PERSONAL HABITS AND HOUSEHOLD EXPOSURES (Press release). International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). [August 1, 2014]. November 2, 2009 ‐‐ IARC has updated the cancer assessments of several personal habits and household exposures that cause cancer, including tobacco, areca nut, alcohol, and household coal smoke. The update was conducted with the advice of 30 scientists from 10 countries who met at IARC in October 2009. [...] The Working Group concluded that acetaldehyde associated with alcohol consumption is carcinogenic to humans (Group 1) and confirmed the classification in Group 1 of alcohol consumption and of ethanol in alcoholic beverages. 
  2. ^ IARC: DIESEL ENGINE EXHAUST CARCINOGENIC (Press release). International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). [August 14, 2016]. June 12, 2012 ‐‐ After a week-long meeting of international experts, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), which is part of the World Health Organization (WHO), today classified diesel engine exhaust as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1), based on sufficient evidence that exposure is associated with an increased risk for lung cancer 
  3. ^ IARC Monographs evaluate consumption of red meat and processed meat (PDF). [26 October 2015]. 

外部連結[編輯]