前額葉皮質

維基百科,自由的百科全書
跳至導覽 跳至搜尋
前額葉皮質
Gray726-Brodman-prefrontal.svg
布羅德曼分區系統, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 24, 25, 32, 44, 45, 46, and 47 are all in the prefrontal cortex[1]
細節
屬於額葉
組成Superior frontal gyrus英語Superior frontal gyrus
Middle frontal gyrus英語Middle frontal gyrus
Inferior frontal gyrus英語Inferior frontal gyrus
動脈Anterior cerebral英語Anterior cerebral artery
Middle cerebral英語Middle cerebral artery
靜脈Superior sagittal sinus英語Superior sagittal sinus
識別標示
拉丁語Cortex praefrontalis
MeSHD017397
NeuroNames英語NeuroNames2429
NeuroLex英語NeuroLex IDnlx_anat_090801
FMAFMA:224850
神經解剖學術語英語Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy

前額葉皮質prefrontal cortex, PFC)位於大腦額葉的前部、運動皮層前運動皮層的前方,包含布羅德曼分區中的BA8、BA9、BA10、BA11、BA12、BA13、BA14、BA24、BA25、BA32、BA44、BA45、BA46,以及BA47區[1]

一般認為,前額葉皮質與人生存的欲望以及性格有關[2]。具體來說,前額葉皮質涉及與計劃相關的高層次認知活動、人格表現、作出決定的過程,以及調節社會活動、語言功能的某些方面等行為[3][4],能根據內在目標組織思考與行為[5]

按照細胞結構學來講,腦前額葉外皮通過第四層大腦皮質而被定義存在。運動前區皮層可以通過幾種方法來分,其中一種把它分為:前額腦區底部腹內側前額葉皮質英語ventromedial prefrontal cortex背外側前額葉皮層英語dorsolateral prefrontal cortex前扣帶皮層後扣帶皮層

參考文獻[編輯]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Elisabeth Murray, Steven Wise, Kim Grahatle=The Evolution of Memory Systems: Ancestors, Anatomy, and Adaptations. Chapter 1: The History of Memory Systems. The Evolution of Memory Systems: Ancestors, Anatomy, and Adaptations 1st. Oxford University Press. 2016: 22–24 [12 March 2017]. ISBN 9780191509957. (原始內容存檔於2020-08-19). 
  2. ^ DeYoung CG, Hirsh JB, Shane MS, Papademetris X, Rajeevan N, Gray JR. Testing predictions from personality neuroscience. Brain structure and the big five. Psychological Science. June 2010, 21 (6): 820–8. PMC 3049165. PMID 20435951. doi:10.1177/0956797610370159. 
  3. ^ Yang Y, Raine A. Prefrontal structural and functional brain imaging findings in antisocial, violent, and psychopathic individuals: a meta-analysis. Psychiatry Research. November 2009, 174 (2): 81–8. PMC 2784035. PMID 19833485. doi:10.1016/j.pscychresns.2009.03.012. 
  4. ^ Gabrieli JD, Poldrack RA, Desmond JE. The role of left prefrontal cortex in language and memory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. February 1998, 95 (3): 906–13. Bibcode:1998PNAS...95..906G. PMC 33815. PMID 9448258. doi:10.1073/pnas.95.3.906. 
  5. ^ Miller EK, Freedman DJ, Wallis JD. The prefrontal cortex: categories, concepts and cognition. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences. August 2002, 357 (1424): 1123–36. PMC 1693009. PMID 12217179. doi:10.1098/rstb.2002.1099.