- 參見英文維基百科愛斯基摩人條目的「Yupik」章節標題下的「Alutiiq」子標題第一行（They are not to be confused with the Aleut）和該條目第一段內容第三行（Two main groups have historically been referred to as Eskimos by outsiders: the Yupik and Inuit, especially the Iñupiat of Alaska. A third group, the Aleut, is related.）。
- The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition
- Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Department of Justice Canada.