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CentOS

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CentOS
Centos-logo-light.svg
CentOS 8 0 1905 GNOME.png
CentOS 8中的預設GNOME桌面
開發者CentOS項目(隸屬於Red Hat
作業系統家族Linux
運作狀態活躍
原始碼模式開放原始碼
初始版本2004年5月14日,​16年前​(2004-05-14
最新版本8.2-2004(2020年6月15日,​5個月前​(2020-06-15[1][±]
7.9-2009(2020年11月12日,​19天前​(2020-11-12[2][±]
市場取向桌上型電腦大型電腦伺服器工作站
更新方式長期支援
軟體套件管理系統Yum(命令行)
dnf (命令行)
PackageKit (圖形)
RPM(二進制格式)
支援平台amd64
核心類別單核心Linux核心
預設使用者介面命令行、GNOMEKDE Plasma(用戶可選)
許可證自由軟體GNU通用公共許可證及其他許可證)
官方網站www.centos.org

CentOSCommunity Enterprise Operating System)是Linux發行版之一,它是來自於Red Hat Enterprise Linux(RHEL)依照開放原始碼規定釋出的原始碼所編譯而成。由於出自同樣的原始碼,因此有些要求高度穩定性的伺服器以CentOS替代商業版的Red Hat Enterprise Linux使用。兩者的不同,在於CentOS並不包含封閉原始碼軟體。CentOS 對上游代碼的主要修改是為了移除不能自由使用的商標。[3]2014年,CentOS宣布與Red Hat合作[4],但CentOS將會在新的委員會下繼續運作,並不受RHEL的影響[5]

CentOS和RHEL一樣,都可以使用Fedora EPEL來補足軟體。

處理器架構[編輯]

CentOS有下列處理器平台的版本:

  • Intel x86及相容架構(32位元)(CentOS 7 的32位元版本由AltArch SIG提供支援)[6]
  • Intel Itanium(64位元)(新版本不再支援)
  • x86-64 (AMD64和Intel 64,64位元)
  • PowerPC G3及G4(測試版)(新版本不再支援)
  • IBMeServer z系列及S/390大型主機(新版本不再支援)
  • 龍芯(Loongson)採用的MIPS架構(32位元、64位元)[7] (非官方支援 )
  • AArch64(ARM架構中的ARMv8或ARM64,64位元)(由AltArch SIG提供支援)[8]

另外有限度的支援兩款舊型處理器:

版本[編輯]

CentOS版本號有兩個部份,一個主要版本和一個次要版本,主要和次要版本號分別對應於RHEL的主要版本與更新套件,CentOS採取從RHEL的原始碼套件來構建。例如CentOS 4.4構建在RHEL 4.0的更新第4版。

自2006年中,CentOS 4.4版本開始(前身為RHEL 4.0更新第4版),Red Hat採用了和CentOS完全相同的版本約定,例如:Red Hat 4.5。

CentOS 5和RHEL 5已經在2017年3月31日結束生命周期。[9]

CentOS 8在2019年9月24日發布,此版本與之前的套件庫不同,主要分為兩個,一個為BaseOS和AppStream,並且開始使用dnf作為管理套件的程式。

發布歷史[編輯]

資料來源為 CentOS Wiki Archived 2013-06-25 at WebCite 及 Distrowatch CentOS 頁面存檔備份,存於網際網路檔案館

版本 平台 RHEL 版本 發布日期 RHEL 發布日期
2 i386 2.1 2004-05-14[10] 2002-05-17[11]
3.1 i386, x86_64, ia64, s390, s390x 3 2004-03-19[12] 2003-10-23[11]
3.4 - Server CD i386, x86_64, ia64, s390, s390x 3.4 2005-01-23 -
3.7 i386, x86_64, ia64, s390, s390x 3.7 2006-04-11[13] -
3.8 i386, x86_64 3.8 2006-08-25[14] 2006-07-20
3.9 i386, x86_64, ia64, s390, s390x 3.9 2007-07-26[15] 2007-06-15
4 i386, x86_64, various 4 2005-03-09[16] 2005-02-14[17]
4.6 i386, x86_64, ia64, alpha, s390, s390x, ppc (beta), sparc (beta) 4.6 2007-12-16[18] 2007-11-16[19]
4.7 i386, x86_64 4.7 2008-09-13[20] 2008-07-24[21]
4.7 - Server CD i386, x86_64 4.7 2008-10-17[22] -
4.8 i386, x86-64 4.8 2009-08-21[23] 2009-05-18[24]
4.9 i386, x86-64 4.9 2011-03-02[25] 2011-02-16[26]
5 i386, x86_64 5 2007-04-12[27] 2007-03-14[28]
5.1 i386, x86_64 5.1 2007-12-02[29] 2007-11-07[30]
5.1 - LiveCD i386 5.1 2008-02-18[31] -
5.2 i386, x86_64 5.2 2008-06-24[32] 2008-05-21[33]
5.2 - LiveCD i386 5.2 2008-07-17[34] -
5.3 i386, x86_64 5.3 2009-03-31[35] 2009-01-20[36]
5.3 - Live CD i386 5.3 2009-05-27[37] -
5.4 i386, x86_64 5.4 2009-10-21[38] 2009-09-02[39]
5.5 i386, x86_64 5.5 2010-05-14[40] 2010-03-31[41]
5.5 - LiveCD i386, x86-64 5.5 2010-05-14[40] -
5.6 i386, x86-64 5.6 2011-04-08[42] 2011-01-13[43]
5.7 i386, x86-64 5.7 2011-09-13[44] 2011-07-21[45]
5.8 i386, x86-64 5.8 2012-03-07[46] 2012-02-21[47]
5.9 i386, x86-64 5.9 2013-01-17[48] 2013-01-07[49]
5.10 i386, x86-64 5.10 2013-10-19[50] 2013-10-01[51]
5.11 i386, x86-64 5.11 2014-09-30[52] 2014-09-16[53]
6 i386, x86-64 6 2011-07-10[54] 2010-11-10[55]
6.0 - LiveCD i386, x86-64 6.0 2011-07-25[56] -
6.0 - LiveDVD i386, x86-64 6.0 2011-07-27[57] -
6.0 - MinimalCD i386, x86-64 6.0 2011-07-28[58] -
6.1 i386, x86-64 6.1 2011-12-09[59] 2011-05-19[60]
6.1 - LiveCD i386, x86-64 6.1 2011-12-09[61] -
6.1 - LiveDVD i386, x86-64 6.1 2011-12-09[62] -
6.1 - MinimalCD i386, x86-64 6.1 2011-12-09[63] -
6.2 i386, x86-64 6.2 2011-12-20[64] 2011-12-06[65]
6.2 - LiveCD i386, x86-64 6.2 2011-12-20[66] -
6.2 - LiveDVD i386, x86-64 6.2 2011-12-20[66] -
6.2 - MinimalCD i386, x86-64 6.2 2011-12-20[64] -
6.3 i386, x86-64 6.3 2012-07-09[67] 2012-06-21[68]
6.4 i386, x86-64 6.4 2013-03-09[69] 2013-02-21[70]
6.5 i386, x86-64 6.5 2013-12-01[71] 2013-11-21[72]
6.6 i386, x86-64 6.6 2014-10-28[73] 2014-10-14[74]
6.7 i386, x86-64 6.7 2015-08-07[75] 2015-07-22[76]
6.8 i386, x86-64 6.8 2016-05-25[77] 2016-05-09[78]
6.9 i386, x86-64 6.9 2017-04-05[79] 2017-03-21[80]
6.10 i386, x86-64 6.10 2018-07-03[81] 2018-06-19[82]
7-1406 x86-64 7.0 2014-07-07[83] 2014-06-10[84]
7-1503 x86-64 7.1 2015-03-31[85] 2015-03-06[86]
7-1503-AArch64 AArch64 7.1 2015-08-04[87] 2015-03-06[88]
7-1503-i386 i386 7.1 2015-10-12[89] 2015-03-06[90]
7-1511 x86-64 7.2 2015-12-14[91] 2015-11-19[92]
7-1611 x86-64 7.3 2016-12-12[93] 2016-11-03[94]
7-1708 x86-64 7.4 2017-09-13[95] 2017-08-01[96]
7-1804 x86-64 7.5 2018-05-10[97] 2018-04-10[98]
7-1810 x86-64 7.6 2018-12-03[99] 2018-10-30[100]
7-1908 x86-64 7.7 2019-09-17[101] 2019-08-06[102]
7-2003 x86-64 7.8 2020-04-27[103] 2020-03-31[104]
7-2009 x86-64 7.9 2020-11-12[105] 2020-09-30[106]
8-1905 x86-64, AArch64 8.0 2019-09-24[107] 2019-05-07[108]
8-1911 x86-64, AArch64 8.1 2020-01-15[109] 2019-11-05[110]
8-2004 x86-64, AArch64 8.2 2020-06-15[111] 2020-04-21[112]

按照CentOS 5和6 RHEL的生命週期策略與上游供應商的改變也將支援為10年。

支援時程[編輯]

發行版本 完整更新 維護更新
3 2006-07-20 2010-10-31
4 2009-03-31 2012-02-29
5 2014-01-31 2017-03-31
6 2017-05-10 2020-11-30
7 2020-08-06 2024-06-30
8 2024-05-01 2029-05-01

參考文獻[編輯]

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外部連結[編輯]