林迪斯法恩福音書

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林迪斯法恩福音書Folio 27r,其上是馬太福音的開始頁

林迪斯法恩福音書Lindisfarne Gospels)是一本著於700年左右的泥金寫本福音書,寫作地約是林迪斯法恩,作者也很可能是來自林迪斯法恩的埃德弗斯。它現藏於倫敦大英圖書館[1]。林迪斯法恩福音書是現存保存最完好的島嶼藝術(Insular art)代表作之一,包含了地中海、盎格魯薩克遜凱爾特風格。[2]

林迪斯法恩的埃德弗斯在698年成為林迪斯法恩主教,721年去世[3]。現在的學者認為這本福音書的著作時間可能是在715年,目的是紀念聖卡斯伯特。但另一種說法認為其著作於698年,以紀念當年卡斯伯特遺體的搬遷[4]。林迪斯法恩福音書在8世紀有著華麗的珠寶裝飾,維京人入侵時珠寶丟失,1852年才重新加上[5]。其行文使用島嶼體(insular script)。

10世紀時林迪斯法恩福音書的古英語譯本譯成,逐字的翻譯夾在了原先奧爾德雷德(Aldred the Scribe)抄寫的的拉丁文之間,這是現存最古老的英語福音書譯本[6]

參考文獻[编辑]

引用[编辑]

  1. ^ Time line British Library. Retrieved 2008-03-21
  2. ^ Celtic and Anglo-Saxon Art: Geometric Aspects Derek Hull, Published 2003 Liverpool University Press. ISBN 0-85323-549-X (Google books link)
  3. ^ Lindisfarne Gospels British Library. Retrieved 2008-03-21
  4. ^ Janet Backhouse, The Lindisfarne Gospels (Oxford: Phaidon, 1981)
  5. ^ Let Gospels come home Sunderland Echo, 2006-09-22. Retrieved 2008-03-21
  6. ^ The Lindisfarne Gospels. Northumbrian Association. [24 December 2012]. 

書目[编辑]

  • Backhouse, Janet. "Lindisfarne Gospels." Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Accessed 10 March 2012.
  • Backhouse, Janet. The Illuminated Manuscript. Oxford: Phaidon Press Ltd., 1979.
  • Backhouse, Janet. The Lindisfarne Gospels. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1981.
  • BBC Tyne. “The Lindisfarne Gospels.” BBC Online, 2012. Accessed 10 March 2012.
  • Calkins, Robert G. Illuminated Books of the Middle Ages. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1983.
  • Chilvers, Ian. ed. “Lindisfarne Gospels” The Oxford Dictionary of Art. Oxford University Press, 2004. Oxford Reference Online. Accessed 9 March 2012.
  • De Hamel, Christopher. A History of Illuminated Manuscripts. Boston: David R. Godine, 1986.
  • Thacker, Alan. “Eadfrith (d. 721?).” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. Accessed 9 March 2012.
  • Walther, Ingo F. and Norbert Wolf. Codices Illustres: The world's most famous illuminated manuscripts, 400 to 1600. Köln, TASCHEN, 2005.

擴展閱讀[编辑]

  • Brown, Michelle P., The Lindisfarne Gospels: Society, Spirituality and the Scribe. London: The British Library, 2003
  • Brown, Michelle P., The Lindisfarne Gospels and the Early Medieval World. London: The British Library, 2010

外部連結[编辑]