演讲台

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演讲台(Rostra)是古罗马的一个平台,长官、政治家、倡导者和其他演讲者在上面向聚集的罗马人民演说,进行刑事审判。最初的演讲台由占卜师诸圣成为一座神庙(templum),在罗马共和国时期位于古罗马广场附近的户外集会场(Comitium),早在公元前4世纪已经建成。这个演讲台历经重建、搬迁,扩大了若干倍。最后的变化发生在凯撒重新安排元老院的地位时,另外新建了一个演讲台来取代它。他的继任者奥古斯都完成了恺撒开始的,最终被称为Rostra Vetera,以区别于后来在罗马帝国时期的数次扩建。

参考文献[编辑]

  • Arnold, Thomas. The History of Rome. New York: D. Appleton & Company. 1861. 
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  • Millar, Fergus. The Crowd in Late Republican Rome. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. 1998. ISBN 0-472-10892-1. 
  • Morstein-Marx, Robert. Mass Oratory and Political Power in the Late Roman Republic. New York: Cambridge University Press. 2004. ISBN 0521823277. 
  • Nichols, Francis Morgan. The Roman Forum. London: Longmans and Co. 1877. ISBN 9781437320961. 
  • Powell, Jonathan; Paterson, Jeremy, editors. Cicero the Advocate. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2004. ISBN 0-19-815280-9. 
  • Stambaugh, John E. The Ancient Roman City. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press. 1988. ISBN 0-8018-3692-1. 

外部链接[编辑]

坐标41°53′33.31″N 12°29′4.73″E / 41.8925861°N 12.4846472°E / 41.8925861; 12.4846472