苏格兰开局

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本條目使用代數記譜法來描述國際象棋棋子的走法。

苏格兰开局國際象棋的一種開局方式,走法為:

  1. e4
  2. e5
  3. Nf3
  4. Nc6
  5. d4

分析[编辑]

白方意图用d兵交换黑方的e兵以控制中心。黑方因为没有好手段支持e5兵,所以通常应对3...exd4,进行交换。若黑方选择3...d6,则白方4.dxe5 dxe5 5.Qxd8+ Kxd8+ 6.Bc4 白方占优。在黑方选择3...exd4之后,白方可以应对主线走法4.Nxd4,或弈出弃兵,以弃一兵或两兵的代价换取较快的出子。

主要变着[编辑]

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主线走法 4.Nxd4
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苏格兰弃兵 4.Bc4
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戈林弃兵 4.c3

在1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4之后,最为重要的后续着法有:

  • 4.Nxd4 (主线走法)
    • 4...Bc5 (经典变着)
    • 4...Nf6 (施密特变着)
    • 4...Qh4!? (施泰因尼茨变着)
  • 4.Bc4 (苏格兰弃兵)
  • 4.c3 (戈林弃兵)



苏格兰开局
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Chessboard480.svg
a8 黑 車
c8 黑 象
d8 黑 后
e8 黑 王
f8 黑 象
g8 黑 馬
h8 黑 車
a7 黑 兵
b7 黑 兵
c7 黑 兵
d7 黑 兵
f7 黑 兵
g7 黑 兵
h7 黑 兵
c6 黑 馬
e5 黑 兵
d4 白 兵
e4 白 兵
f3 白 馬
a2 白 兵
b2 白 兵
c2 白 兵
f2 白 兵
g2 白 兵
h2 白 兵
a1 白 車
b1 白 馬
c1 白 象
d1 白 后
e1 白 王
f1 白 象
h1 白 車
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走法 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4
編號 C44
誕生 1750
母局 開放性開局
Chessgames.com opening explorer

效果[编辑]

Chess.com对苏格兰开局的统计是:

  • 白赢: 36.23%
  • 平局: 33.17%
  • 黑赢: 30.6%

外部链接[编辑]

參考文獻[编辑]

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