音域

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音域是指某一乐器或人声歌唱所能发出的最低音到最高音之间的范围。

樂器的音域[编辑]

不同的樂器有高低寬窄不同的音域,較多數的樂器如管樂器弦樂器在演奏音域邊緣的聲音時會比較困難,鍵盤樂器打擊樂器則較無這類問題,因此通常可以有較寬廣的音域。[1]

人聲的音域[编辑]

人的音域高低寬窄會因年齡性別、個人差異以及歌唱的訓練而有些不同。在聲樂中一般按音域的高低,分成女高音女中音女低音男高音男中音男低音

典型音域[编辑]

Middle C Middle C gong vessels tubular bell tubes glockenspiel vibraphone celesta metallophones crotales plaques xylophone marimba xylophone family sticks or bars idiophone B drum A drum F drum C drum G drum D drum timpani membranophone piccolo trumpet trumpet cornet bass trumpet trumpets flugelhorn alto horn euphonium baritone horn horn (instrument) horns alto trombone tenor trombone bass trombone contrabass trombone trombones cimbasso tenor wagner tuba bass tuba contrabass tuba tuba brass instrument Organ (music) sopranino recorder soprano (descant) recorder alto recorder tenor recorder bass recorder recorders fipple piccolo flute alto flute bass flute contra-alto flute contrabass flute subcontrabass flute double contrabass flute hyperbass flute western concert flute family side blown flutes harmonica harmonica accordion harmonium free reed sopranissimo saxophone sopranino saxophone soprano saxophone mezzo-soprano saxophone alto saxophone tenor saxophone baritone sax bass saxophone contrabass saxophone subcontrabass saxophone saxophone family sopranino clarinet soprano clarinet alto clarinet bass clarinet contra-alto clarinet contrabass clarinet octacontra-alto clarinet octocontrabass clarinet clarinet family single reed oboe heckelphone cor anglais oboes bassoon contrabassoon bassoons exposed double reed woodwind instrument cymbalum hammered dulcimer piano struck 5-string banjo mandolin guitar bass guitar harpsichord harp Plucked string instrument violin viola cello double bass violin family bowed chordophone soprano mezzo-soprano alto%20%28voice%29 tenor baritone basso human voice

*圖表僅顯示降到C0,雖然最低音單簧管(subcontrabass clarinet)延伸到B♭低於C。也有一些管樂器,諸如Boardwalk Hall Auditorium Organ延降到C−1(低於C0一個八度階)。


參見[编辑]

註釋[编辑]

  1. ^ "Music theory online : musical instrument ranges & names", Brian Blood, Dolmetsch.com, 2009, webpage: Dolmetsch-M29.