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Template:Infobox Scientist

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Infobox scientist 可以用來總結關於一位科學家、軍醫、工程師、數學家、或學者的個人資訊。

用法

{{{name}}}
[[File:{{{image}}}|{{{image_size}}}|alt={{{alt}}}|upright=1|{{{alt}}}]]
{{{caption}}}
原文名 {{{native_name}}}
出生 {{{birth_date}}}
{{{birth_place}}}
逝世 {{{death_date}}}
{{{death_place}}}
居住地 {{{residence}}}
公民权 {{{citizenship}}}
国籍 {{{nationality}}}
研究領域 {{{fields}}}
任职於 {{{workplaces}}}
母校 {{{alma_mater}}}
毕业论文 [{{{thesis_url}}} {{{thesis_title}}}] ({{{thesis_year}}})
博士導師 {{{doctoral_advisor}}}
学术指导 {{{academic_advisors}}}
博士學生 {{{doctoral_students}}}
其他著名學生 {{{notable_students}}}
著名成就 {{{known_for}}}
受影响于 {{{influences}}}
施影响於 {{{influenced}}}
獲獎 {{{awards}}}
植物命名人缩写 {{{author_abbrev_bot}}}
动物命名人缩写 {{{author_abbrev_zoo}}}
配偶 {{{spouse}}}
子女 {{{children}}}
签名
[[Image:{{{signature}}}|128px|alt={{{signature_alt}}}|{{{name}}}的签名]]
備註
{{{footnotes}}}

空白模板

以下所示的模板可以藉由複製貼上增加到條目內。

{{Infobox scientist
| name              = 
| native_name       = 
| native_name_lang  = 
| box_width         = 
| image             = <!--(filename only)-->
| image_size        = 
| alt               = 
| caption           = 
| birth_name        = 
| birth_date        = <!-- {{Birth date and age|YYYY|MM|DD}} -->
| birth_place       = 
| death_date        = <!-- {{Death date and age|YYYY|MM|DD|YYYY|MM|DD}} (death date then birth date) -->
| death_place       = 
| death_cause       = 
| residence         = 
| citizenship       = 
| nationality       = 
| fields            = 
| workplaces        = 
| alma_mater        = 
| thesis_title        =
| thesis_url        =
| thesis_year        =
| doctoral_advisor  = 
| academic_advisors = 
| doctoral_students = 
| notable_students  = 
| known_for         = 
| author_abbrev_bot = 
| author_abbrev_zoo = 
| influences        = 
| influenced        = 
| awards            = 
| signature         = <!--(filename only)-->
| signature_alt     = 
| footnotes         = 
| spouse            = 
}}

參數

所有參數為選填。(如果不填 name,預設使用條目名稱。)

參數 說明
name 輸入科學家、數學家、或工程師的名字。注意:不要 加入圖標或其他圖片。
image 合適圖片的檔案名
image_size 圖片寬度 (預設 225x250px).
alt 圖片替代文字,用來方便視障讀者. 參見 WP:ALT.
caption 圖片說明。如果可以的話,包含圖片拍攝日期與(或)攝影者。
birth_date 科學家生日
birth_place 出生地點 (e.g. town/city, region, country).
death_date Date of death.
death_place Place of death (e.g. town/city, region, country).
residence 科學家居住的地方或諸個地方 (for significant periods).
citizenship 科學家的公民權
nationality 如果國籍與上列的公民權不同的話,使用此欄
fields 科學家主要的職業領域 (physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, engineering, etc.)
workplaces 重要的工作地點、大學、公司等等
alma_mater 科學家獲得學位或諸個學位的大學或諸個大學
thesis_title 科学家毕业论文的标题
thesis_url 毕业论文的URL地址
thesis_year 毕业论文发表的年份
doctoral_advisor 如果可行的話,寫入科學家的博士學位指導教授的名子
academic_advisors 其他重要的指導學者的名子(不同於博士學位指導教授)
doctoral_students Names of any notable doctoral students advised by the scientist.
notable_students Names of any notable non-doctoral students advised by the scientist.
known_for 科學家著名的研究主題與領域
author_abbrev_bot If a scientist is the author of a botanical species, insert their botanical author abbreviation here.
author_abbrev_zoo If a scientist is the author of a zoological species, insert their zoological author abbreviation here.
influences 任何對此科學家影響深遠的著名人士
influenced 任何被此科學家深深影響的著名人士
awards 此科學家獲得的著名獎項
signature Filename of an image of the scientist's signature (if available).
signature_alt Alt text for signature.
footnotes For any footnotes needed to clarify entries above.
box_width Use to set infobox's width (defaults to 26em).
spouse 科學家的配偶或配偶們 (包含婚姻的時間範圍).
children 科学家的子女(如果其子女为知名人士则填入)

例子

Paul Dirac
Head of man in his thirties with tousled hair sticking up and a small mustache
出生 1902年8月8日(1902-08-08)
Bristol, England
逝世 1984年10月20日(82歲)
Tallahassee, Florida, USA
居住地 United Kingdom, United States
国籍 United Kingdom
研究領域 Physicist (theoretical)
任职於 Cambridge University, Florida State University
母校 University of Bristol, Cambridge University
博士導師 Ralph Fowler
博士學生 Homi Bhabha, Harish Chandra Mehrotra, Dennis Sciama, Behram Kurşunoğlu, John Polkinghorne, Per-Olov Löwdin
著名成就 Seminal contributions to quantum mechanics
獲獎 Nobel Prize in Physics (1933)
{{Infobox scientist
| name              = Paul Dirac
| image             = Dirac.gif
| image_size        = 140px
| alt               = Head of man in his thirties with tousled hair sticking up and a small mustache
| caption           = <!--(not needed as image is straightforward portrait)-->
| birth_date        = {{birth date|1902|8|8|mf=y}}
| birth_place       = [[Bristol]], [[England]]
| death_date        = {{death date and age|1984|10|20|1902|8|8}}
| death_place       = [[Tallahassee]], [[Florida]], [[United States|USA]]
| residence         = [[United Kingdom]], [[United States]]
| nationality       = [[United Kingdom]]
| fields            = [[Physicist]] ([[Theoretical physics|theoretical]])
| workplaces        = [[University of Cambridge|Cambridge University]], [[Florida State University]]
| alma_mater        = [[University of Bristol]], [[University of Cambridge|Cambridge University]]
| doctoral_advisor  = [[Ralph Fowler]]
| doctoral_students = [[Homi J. Bhabha|Homi Bhabha]], [[Harish-Chandra|Harish Chandra Mehrotra]], [[Denis Sciama|Dennis Sciama]], [[Behram Kurşunoğlu]], [[John Polkinghorne]], [[Per-Olov Löwdin]]
| known_for         = Seminal contributions to [[quantum mechanics]]
| awards            = [[Nobel Prize in Physics]] (1933)
| footnotes         = 
}}

Usage guidelines

box_width
This is most commonly set to 300px, which is recommended. Smaller widths tend to not allow enough space for the fields and often result in too much line wrap-around. The nowrap command is useful when some long names appear in the fields.
name
This is the name that scientist was usually known by. Do not put the full expanded name here.
image
This is the portrait or photo of the scientist. If there is a choice between good images, chose the one from a period where the scientist's work flourished. Avoid photos where the scientist was a child or very elderly, unless there is nothing else available.
image_size
This is normally set to 300px, but should be reduced appropriately if the resolution of the photo is poor.
alt
This should describe only the visual appearance of the image, for visually-impaired readers. It should not repeat the caption. See WP:ALT.
caption
The caption should contain the full expanded name of the scientist, year or birth and death, if available, and any relevant details about the photo or portrait.
birth_date
Birth date of scientist. Use the full formatting that computes the scientist's age.
birth_place
Birth place of scientist. Put town/city followed by country.
death_date
Death date of scientist. Use the full formatting that computes the scientists age.
death_place
Death place of scientist. Put town/city followed by country. Note: this is the place where the person died, which might be different from burial place.
residence
List countries only. Put a line break after each one. These are places where the scientist lived for significant periods. The intention is that these are countries of domicile. Do not include countries where the scientist temporarily resided for brief collaboration or study leave.
citizenship
List countries only. Put a line break after each one. This is the scientist's citizenship, which often can be different from country of domicile or residency.
nationality
List country only. Only insert this if it is different from citizenship.
fields
This is the occupation field, e.g. mathematician, physicist, surgeon, physician, engineer etc. Do not put 'scientist' as it is not specific enough. You can insert more than one occupation if the scientist worked in different fields.
workplaces
List the key work places, universities, companies, organizations etc. that the scientist worked at. The intention is to not list minor places that the scientist performed collaborative visits at. The intention is to list places where the scientist was officially appointed with a payroll (ie. don't list places that represent adjunct appointments).
alma_mater
List the universities where the scientist obtained all his/her degrees from. In anomalous cases where a degree was carried out remotely or in a different university to the university that administered the degree, insert the administering university. The main article can then discuss the specific situation.
doctoral_advisor
If the scientist obtained a PhD, insert the doctoral advisor(s). Otherwise leave blank.
academic_advisors
Insert names of significant academic teachers other than the doctoral advisor: e.g. Master's advisor, postdoctoral supervisor, significant undergraduate mentor/teacher etc. In Cambridge, before 1919, there was no PhD and so you can insert the relevant Cambridge tutor.
doctoral_students
Insert names of doctoral students supervised by the scientist. If a student does not have a wiki article, then comment the name out. It can be reinstated once such an article appears. The idea is to list only those students who are significant enough to warrant their own article.
notable_students
Insert names of any notable non-doctoral students taught or supervised by the scientist. These can be undergraduates, postdocs, masters students etc. If a student does not have a wiki article, then comment the name out.
known_for
Insert the key topics/areas for which the scientist is notable, e.g. 'discovering the electron'. In the case of prolific scientists, preferably list the discoveries named after the scientist, e.g. 'Maxwell's equations'. In the case where a scientist is so prolific that a whole wiki article listing the discoveries exists, then you may insert a simple link to that page with the words 'see list'.
author_abbrev_bot
If a scientist is the author of a botanical species, insert their botanical author abbreviation here. Otherwise leave blank.
author_abbrev_zoo
If a scientist is the author of a zoological species, insert their zoological author abbreviation here. Otherwise leave blank.
influences
List names of any notable people who influenced the scientist significantly. The intention is to only list those influences that had physical contact with the scientist. Do not insert those influences that were not in person (e.g. via study of works or books) as this is more tenuous and there are generally too many for each scientist. Only list those who are notable enough to warrant a wiki article.
influenced
List names of any notable people who were significantly influenced by the scientist. The intention is to only list those that were influenced by physical contact with the scientist. Only list those who are notable enough to warrant a wiki article.
awards
List major awards. Put year of award in brackets after name of award. Insert a line break after each award. Avoid awards that are not significant enough to withstand their own wiki article description.
signature
Filename of an image of the scientist's handwritten signature (if available).
signature_alt
Alt text for the signature. Typically this is just the text of the signature, e.g., "Is. Newton" for File:Isaac Newton signature.svg.
footnotes
For any footnotes needed to clarify entries above. This section is also often used to add extra notable items, typically, if the scientist is a relative of another person with a wiki article.
common errors to avoid
* Always copy and paste the infobox template from here, not another article, in order to guarantee the full correct version.* If a field does not apply leave it blank. Do not delete it. This is because is acts as a place holder and future editors may find a field applies after all. You may put a comment in the blank field that it is not applicable if you are sure of this.

微格式

本模板使用了hCard 微格式標記,被標記的人物資料可以被電腦分析讀取,以便将其自動归類,或者透過專門的瀏覽器取得資料訊息,例如將訊息加入通訊錄。關於在維基百科使用微格式的詳細訊息,請參見微格式維基專題

出生日期(bday)參數只能使用於包含了 {{bd}} 或 {{Birth date and age}} 模板的信息框。

  • adr
  • bday
  • county-name
  • fn(必須)
  • honorific-prefix
  • honorific-suffix
  • label
  • locality
  • nickname
  • note
  • org
  • role
  • vcard

請不要移除或重新命名這些class。