世界最大城市

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由于城市定义的不同,对世界最大城市的判定也存在差异。联合国有三种对城市的定义,而每个城市使用的分类标准各不相同。[1] 这三种城市的定义分别为:市区、都会区和城市行政区。[1]

常见城市边界界定方法[编辑]

市区[编辑]

城市可以指特定的连续市区,而不必考虑在市区内的领土边界或其他界限。联合国教科文组织对的市区定义为:

都会区[编辑]

城市可以按人口统计学方法界定,即都会区、人口工作区或其他。联合国教科文组织对都会区的定义为:

城市行政区[编辑]

城市可以由其行政区划界定。联合国出版的《世界城市化展望》中定义的城市市区人口为“在城市或由城市某个单一行政机关直辖的行政边界内居住的总人口数”。 联合国教科文组织对城市市区人口的定义为“居住在某个城市,例如,华盛顿特区,行政边界内的人口数”。城市市区所指的是,法律或政治边界确定的、拥有城市行政地位的一片领土,通常由某种形式的地方政府进行管理。[2][3][4] 城市市区和城市的边界与人口数据不一定包括市郊。[5]

使用行政区划来确定市区范围可能不包括有大量工作或学习人口的市郊。[5] 此种定义可能会导致城市人口数量与都会区人口数量产生很大的差异,例如,很多城市是其他小型城市的融合体(如澳大利亚),很多中国城市的行政区划也把市郊与农村地区包括在内,这页超出了传统的“市区”范围。[6]

列表[编辑]

城市 国家 城市图片 行政区人口数量 市区人口数量[7] 都会区人口数量
上海  中华人民共和国 PudongSkyline-pjt (cropped).jpg 7007242568000000000♠24,256,800[8] 7007234160000000000♠23,416,000[lower-alpha 1] 7007347500000000000♠34,750,000[9]
卡拉奇  巴基斯坦 Karachi Clifton Skyline.JPG 7007235000000000000♠23,500,000[10] 7007254000000000000♠25,400,000[11] 7007254000000000000♠25,400,000
北京  中华人民共和国 View of Beijing.jpg 7007215160000000000♠21,516,000[12] 7007210090000000000♠21,009,000 7007211480000000000♠21,148,000[13]
聖保羅 (巴西)  巴西 Ponte estaiada Octavio Frias - Sao Paulo.jpg 7007212928930000000♠21,292,893[14] 7007203650000000000♠20,365,000 7007368421020000000♠36,842,102[15]
达卡  孟加拉国 Dhaka-skyline-aymash.jpg 7007169701050000000♠16,970,105[16] 7007156690000000000♠15,669,000 7007183056710000000♠18,305,671[17]

[not in citation given]

新德里  印度 LotusDelhi.jpg 7007167879410000000♠16,787,941[18] 7007249980000000000♠24,998,000 7007217534860000000♠21,753,486[19]
拉哥斯  奈及利亞 Lagos Island.jpg 7007160603030000000♠16,060,303[note 1] 7007131230000000000♠13,123,000 7007210000000000000♠21,000,000[20]
伊斯坦堡  土耳其 Halic.png 7007146570000000000♠14,657,000[21] 7007153280000000000♠15,328,000[21] 7007167030000000000♠16,703,000[21]
東京都  日本 Skyscrapers of Shinjuku 2009 January (revised).jpg 7007135137340000000♠13,513,734[22] 7007378430000000000♠37,843,000 7007369230000000000♠36,923,000[23]
孟买  印度 Mumbai 03-2016 10 skyline of Lotus Colony.jpg 7007124784470000000♠12,478,447[19] 7007177120000000000♠17,712,000 7007207483950000000♠20,748,395[19]
莫斯科  俄罗斯 Moscow pano.jpg 7007121975960000000♠12,197,596[24] 7007161700000000000♠16,170,000
广州市  中华人民共和国 Guangzhou skyline.jpg 7007120805000000000♠12,080,500[25] 7007205970000000000♠20,597,000 7007239000000000000♠23,900,000[26]
巴黎  法国 Seine and Eiffel Tower from Tour Saint Jacques 2013-08.JPG 7007108580000000000♠10,858,000 7007120050770000000♠12,005,077[27]
深圳  中华人民共和国 Shenzhen CBD and River.jpg 7007107800000000000♠10,780,000[28] 7007120840000000000♠12,084,000 7007106300000000000♠10,630,000[29]
苏州  中华人民共和国 Panmen Scenic Area 1.jpg 7007106505010000000♠10,650,501[30]
金夏沙  刚果民主共和国 Kinshasa-Gombe, from CCIC.JPG 7007101300000000000♠10,130,000[31] 7007132650000000000♠13,265,000
开罗  埃及 Kairo 001.jpg 7007102303500000000♠10,230,350[32] 7007182900000000000♠18,290,000 7007224395410000000♠22,439,541
雅加达  印度尼西亚 Jakarta Panorama.jpg 7007100753100000000♠10,075,310[33] 7007305390000000000♠30,539,000 7007300753100000000♠30,075,310[34]
拉合爾  巴基斯坦 Kalma Underpass1.jpg 7007100520000000000♠10,052,000 7007103550000000000♠10,355,000
首爾  大韩民国 View of YangJe-Cheon.jpg 7006999578400000000♠9,995,784[35] 7007127000000000000♠12,700,000 7007255200000000000♠25,520,000[36]
墨西哥城  墨西哥 Ciudad.de.Mexico.City.Distrito.Federal.DF.Paseo.Reforma.Skyline.jpg 7006897472400000000♠8,974,724[37] 7007200630000000000♠20,063,000 7007211789590000000♠21,178,959[38]
伦敦  英国 Canary Wharf Skyline 2, London UK - Oct 2012.jpg 7006867371300000000♠8,673,713[39] 7007102360000000000♠10,236,000 7007140318300000000♠14,031,830[27]
利馬  秘鲁 City of Lima, Peru.jpg 7006885200000000000♠8,852,000[40] 7007107500000000000♠10,750,000 7006988664700000000♠9,886,647[41]
纽约  美国 LowerManhattanSept2013.png 7006849107900000000♠8,491,079[42] 7007206300000000000♠20,630,000 7007200928830000000♠20,092,883[43]
班加羅爾  印度 UB City.jpg 7006842597000000000♠8,425,970[19] 7006980700000000000♠9,807,000 7006872890600000000♠8,728,906[19]
曼谷  泰国 The Baiyoke Tower II in Bangkok, Thailand.jpg 7006828092500000000♠8,280,925[44] 7007149980000000000♠14,998,000 7006830521800000000♠8,305,218[45]
东莞  中华人民共和国 Dongguan -03.jpg 7006822020700000000♠8,220,207[46]
重庆  中华人民共和国 SkylineOfChongqing.jpg 7006818980000000000♠8,189,800[lower-alpha 2]
南京  中华人民共和国 Nanjingpanorama001.jpg 7006818782800000000♠8,187,828[47]
德黑兰  伊朗 North Tehran Towers.jpg 7006815405100000000♠8,154,051[48] 7007135320000000000♠13,532,000 7007145959040000000♠14,595,904[49]
沈阳  中华人民共和国 Shenyang Qingnian Street.JPG 7006810617100000000♠8,106,171[50]
波哥大  哥伦比亚 Centro-Internacional-Bogotá.jpg 7006885472200000000♠8,854,722[51] 7007137820310000000♠13,782,031[52]
胡志明市  越南| Một khúc sông Sài Gòn.JPG 7006768170000000000♠7,681,700[53]
香港  香港特别行政区| Hong Kong view from The Peak 01.jpg 7006729860000000000♠7,298,600[54] 7006733169900000000♠7,331,699[55]
巴格达  伊拉克 Haifa street, as seen from the medical city hospital across the tigres.jpg 7006718088900000000♠7,180,889[56]
森奈  印度 Chennai India.jpg 7006708800000000000♠7,088,000[57] 7006937352100000000♠9,373,521[19]
长沙  中华人民共和国 The Huángxīng Lù Commercial Pedestrian Street in Changsha.jpg 7006704411800000000♠7,044,118
武汉  中华人民共和国 WuhanSkyline.jpg 7006688625300000000♠6,886,253[58]
天津  中华人民共和国 炫彩津门99海河夜景.jpg 7006685977900000000♠6,859,779[59] 7007109200000000000♠10,920,000
海德拉巴  印度 MindSpace campus in Hyderabad, India.jpg 7006680997000000000♠6,809,970[19] 7006774933400000000♠7,749,334[19]
河内  越南 Hanoi Cityscape.jpg 7006684410000000000♠6,844,100[53]
费萨拉巴德  巴基斯坦 Clock Tower Faisalabad by Usman Nadeem.jpg 7006648076500000000♠6,480,765[60] 7006367500000000000♠3,675,000
里约热内卢  巴西 Vista aérea Centro do Rio de Janeiro RJ.jpg 7006642992300000000♠6,429,923[61] 7007127270000000000♠12,727,000 7007139735050000000♠13,973,505[14]
佛山  中华人民共和国 Downtown of Guicheng.jpg 7006615162200000000♠6,151,622[62][63]
遵义  中华人民共和国 Zunyi.JPG 7006612700900000000♠6,127,009
圣地亚哥  智利 Santiago de Chile.jpg 7006574371900000000♠5,743,719[64] 7006668385200000000♠6,683,852[65]
利雅得  沙乌地阿拉伯 Riyadh 1337.jpg 7006567662100000000♠5,676,621[66]
艾哈迈达巴德  印度 Amdavad Aerial.jpg 7006557058500000000♠5,570,585[19] 7006635225400000000♠6,352,254[19]
新加坡  新加坡 Singapore CBD skyline from Esplanade at dusk.jpg 7006553500000000000♠5,535,000[67]
汕头  中华人民共和国 China-shantou03.jpg 7006539102800000000♠5,391,028[68]
仰光  缅甸 Downtown Yangon (2006).jpg 7006521400000000000♠5,214,000[69]
圣彼得堡  俄罗斯 Petersburg-square.jpg 7006519169000000000♠5,191,690[70]
阿比让  科特迪瓦 Plateau Centre-est.jpg 7006476500000000000♠4,765,000[71]
成都  中华人民共和国 Jiuyanqiao.jpg 7006474192900000000♠4,741,929[72] 7007103760000000000♠10,376,000
亚历山大  埃及 Alexandria - Egypt.jpg 7006461662500000000♠4,616,625[73]
加尔各答  印度 Victoria Memorial Kolkata panorama.jpg 7006448667900000000♠4,486,679[19] 7007146670000000000♠14,667,000 7007146178820000000♠14,617,882[19]
安卡拉  土耳其 Ankara and mosque wza.jpg 7006527100000000000♠5,271,000[21] 7006458500000000000♠4,585,000[21] 7006491900000000000♠4,919,000[21]
西安  中华人民共和国 1 xian china wild goose pagoda view.JPG 7006446783700000000♠4,467,837[74]
苏拉特  印度 GauravPath1.jpg 7006446200200000000♠4,462,002[19]
约翰内斯堡  南非 Johannesburg CBD.jpg 7006443482700000000♠4,434,827[75]
达累斯萨拉姆  坦桑尼亚 Dar es Salaam aerial.jpg 7006436454100000000♠4,364,541[76]
哈尔滨  中华人民共和国 Kitayskaya Street.jpg 7006428070100000000♠4,280,701[77][78]
吉萨  埃及 Egipt 383.jpg 7006423998800000000♠4,239,988[79] 7007156000000000000♠15,600,000
郑州  中华人民共和国 Hnyszx.png 7006412208700000000♠4,122,087[80]
新台北  中华民国 Roctpchall.jpg 7006395492900000000♠3,954,929[81]
洛杉矶  美国 LA Skyline Mountains2.jpg 7006388430700000000♠3,884,307[82] 7007150580000000000♠15,058,000 7007132622200000000♠13,262,220[43]
开普敦  南非 Central Cape Town.jpg 7006374002600000000♠3,740,026[75]
横滨  日本 Minato Mirai In Blue.jpg 7006372616700000000♠3,726,167[22]
杭州  中华人民共和国 Hangzhou-yellow-dragon-stad.jpg 7006356039100000000♠3,560,391[83]
厦门  中华人民共和国 View of Urban Area of Amoy from Mount Riguangyan.jpg 7006353134700000000♠3,531,347[84]
泉州  中华人民共和国 Lingshan Islamic Cemetery - city view - DSCF8486.JPG 7006352084600000000♠3,520,846[85]
柏林  德国 PotsdamerPlatz Vogelperspektive 2004 1.jpg 7006351742400000000♠3,517,424[86]
釜山  大韩民国 August Afternoon in Haeundae 2.jpg 7006351083300000000♠3,510,833[36]
拉瓦尔品第  巴基斯坦 AWT building.jpg 7006351000000000000♠3,510,000

[citation needed]

吉达  沙乌地阿拉伯 Jeddeh4.jpg 7006345625900000000♠3,456,259[87]
德班  南非 VWestDurban.jpg 7006344236100000000♠3,442,361[75]
Hyderabad  Pakistan Citynazimoffice.JPG 7006342947100000000♠3,429,471[88]
Kabul  Afghanistan Khair Khana in 2012.jpg 7006341410000000000♠3,414,100[89]
Casablanca  Morocco CasablancaFAR.jpg 7006335981800000000♠3,359,818[90]
合肥  中华人民共和国 Hefei Street Scene.jpg 7006335207600000000♠3,352,076[91]
Pyongyang  North Korea 0322 Pyongyang Turm der Juche Idee Aussicht.jpg 7006325538800000000♠3,255,388[92]
Madrid  Spain Gran Vía (Madrid) 1.jpg 7006320724700000000♠3,207,247[93] 7006637829700000000♠6,378,297[27]
Peshawar  Pakistan Khyber pass.jpeg 7006320100000000000♠3,201,000

[citation needed]

Ekurhuleni  South Africa Germiston CBD.jpg 7006317847000000000♠3,178,470[75]
Nairobi  Kenya NBO5.jpg 7006313836900000000♠3,138,369[94]
Zhongshan  China Zhongshan City -02.jpg 7006312127500000000♠3,121,275[95]
Pune  India AmonoraTownCentre.jpg 7006311543100000000♠3,115,431[19]
Addis Ababa  Ethiopia Aerials Ethiopia 2009-08-27 15-26-13.JPG 7006310367300000000♠3,103,673[96]
Jaipur  India World Trade Park Jaipur in 2012.jpg 7006307335000000000♠3,073,350[19]
Buenos Aires  Argentina Banco de la Nación Argentina, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2014-11-20 WTourAR AA 03.jpg 7006305430000000000♠3,054,300[97] 7007141220000000000♠14,122,000 7007130740000000000♠13,074,000[98]
Lucknow  India Night View of the Ambedkar Memorial at Lucknow.jpg 7006300147500000000♠3,001,475[19] 7006650000000000000♠6,500,000[19]
Wenzhou  China Vue générale de Wenzhou.JPG 7006303943900000000♠3,039,439[99]
Osaka  Japan Osaka Central Public Hall in 201504 007.JPG 7006269174200000000♠2,691,742[22] 7007174440000000000♠17,444,000 7007193420000000000♠19,342,000[23]
Kyiv  Ukraine View to Kiev.jpg 7006290870300000000♠2,908,703 [100] 7006337500000000000♠3,375,000[101]
Manila  Philippines Manila Skyline (6774800874).jpg 7006165217100000000♠1,652,171[102] 7007128772530000000♠12,877,253[103] 7007241230000000000♠24,123,000
Izmir  Turkey View of Konaj Square.jpg 7006416800000000000♠4,168,000[21] 7006301900000000000♠3,019,000[21] 7006357500000000000♠3,575,000[21]
Chicago  United States Chicago skyline, viewed from John Hancock Center.jpg 7006269559800000000♠2,695,598[104] 7006915600000000000♠9,156,000 7006955459800000000♠9,554,598[43]
Nagoya  Japan 151023 Nagoya Castle & Skyscrapers in Meieki.jpg 7006229601400000000♠2,296,014[22] 7007101770000000000♠10,177,000 7006910700000000000♠9,107,000[23]
Taipei  Taiwan Taipei Rushhour birdseye.JPG 2,704,974 7006704548800000000♠7,045,488[105]
Luanda  Angola Avenida Amilcar Cabral Luanda March 2013 03.JPG 2,825,311 7006654294400000000♠6,542,944[106]
Houston  United States Houston.jpg 7006229622400000000♠2,296,224[107] 7006649018000000000♠6,490,180[43]
Kochi  India Kochi City-Vembanad Rail Bridge at Vallarpadam, is the longest rail bridge in India.jpg 2,232,456 4.221,140
Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 125x125像素 7006176800000000000♠1,768,000[108] 7006720000000000000♠7,200,000[109]
Phnom Penh  Cambodia Phnom Penh sunset.jpg 2,234,566

See also[编辑]

Notes[编辑]

References[编辑]

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