仿纪录片

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仿纪录片英语:mockumentary,「mock」 与「documentary」的混成词)又称假纪录片[1]伪纪录片[2],是一将虚构事件包装成纪录片形式以作戏仿放映的电影电视节目[3]这类影片常用虚构的背景故事来剖析或评价当时社会上发生的事[4]甚有讽刺时弊的作用,有时甚至有嘲讽纪录片本身的作用,所以有人又将此类影片翻译为“讥录片”。[5]影片可以是喜剧戏剧的形式,虽然喜剧式的仿纪录片更为常见。

“伪纪录片”一词源于20世纪60年代。时至80年代中期,著名导演Rob Reiner在接受采访时将电影This Is Spinal Tap称为伪纪录片,这一词语因此开始流行起来。[6][7][8]

参见[编辑]

参考书目[编辑]

  • Hight, Craig 2008: Mockumentary: A Call to Play," in Thomas Austin and Wilma de Jong (ed.), Rethinking Documentary: New Perspectives, New Practices. Berkshire: Open University Press.
  • Hight, Craig 2010: Television mockumentary. Reflexivity, satire and a call to play. Manchester: Manchester Univ. Press.
  • Juhasz, Alexandra/Lerner, Jesse (eds.) 2006: F is for Phony. Fake Documentary and Truth’s Undoing. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press (Visible evidence, vol. 17).
  • Rhodes, Gary D. (ed.) 2006: Docufictions. Essays on the intersection of documentary and fictional filmmaking. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
  • Roscoe, Jane/Hight, Craig 2001: Faking it. Mock-documentary and the subversion of factuality. Manchester/New York.

参考[编辑]

  1. ^ mockumentary. 字典. 香港新浪网. [2014-03-22]. 
  2. ^ 林木材. 伪纪录片. 台湾大百科全书 Encyclopedia of Taiwan. 中华民国文化部. 1999-01-31 [2014-03-22]. 
  3. ^ Romanski, Philippe; Sy-Wonyu, Aïssatou. Trompe (-)l'oeil: Imitation & Falsification. Publications de l'Université de Rouen 324. University of Le Havre Press. 2002: 343. ISBN 2877753344. 
  4. ^ Campbell, Miranda. The mocking mockumentary and the ethics of irony (PDF). Taboo: The Journal of Culture and Education. 2007, 11 (1): 53–62 [26 July 2010]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2011年7月26日). 
  5. ^ 李迅. 当代加拿大电影巡礼. 电影新作. 电影新作杂志编辑部. [2015-01-24]. 
  6. ^ Roscoe, Jane; Craig Hight. Faking it: Mock-documentary and the Subversion of Factuality. Manchester University Press. 2001. ISBN 0-7190-5641-1. 
  7. ^ mockumentary, n.. Oxford Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2010 [1 June 2013]. 
  8. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1lT-ONdy2ck&t=1m