合理推诿

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合理推诿Plausible deniability,也译为似是而非的否认)是中央情报局(CIA)在20世纪60年代初创造的词汇,用来描述高级官员隐瞒信息的情况,以便中央情报局非法或不受欢迎的活动,被公众所知的情况下,保护他们免受影响。

这个词汇的根源可以追溯到1948年6月18日的哈里·杜鲁门国家安全委员会第10/2号文件,该文件将“秘密行动”定义为“……本政府针对敌对的外国国家或团体进行或赞助的所有活动(除非另有说明),或支持友好的外国国家或团体但计划和执行的任何活动,美国政府对此不承担任何责任 对未经授权的人员来说很明显,如果发现,美国政府可以合理地放弃对他们的任何责任。”[註 1][1]艾森豪威尔执政期间,NSC 10/2被纳入更具体的NSC 5412/2“秘密行动”。[2]NSC 5412于1977年解密,并位于国家档案馆。[3]

备注[编辑]

  1. ^ ...all activities (except as noted herein) which are conducted or sponsored by this Government against hostile foreign states or groups or in support of friendly foreign states or groups but which are so planned and executed that any US Government responsibility for them is not evident to unauthorized persons and that if uncovered the US Government can plausibly disclaim any responsibility for them.

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Office of the Historian, Department of State. National Security Council Directive on Office of Special Projects (NSC 10/2), Washington, June 18, 1948.
  2. ^ Office of the Historian, Department of State. Covert Operations (NSC 5412/2), Washington, undated.
  3. ^ Records of the National Security Council (NSC), Record Group 273.