威拉米特河

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Willamette River
威拉米特河
USACE Fremont Bridge Portland.jpg
威拉米特河流經波特蘭,攝於1988年
名称起源:From a Clackamas Native American village name[1]
国家  美國
省/州/邦  俄勒冈州
支流
 - 左侧支流 Coast Fork Willamette River、Long Tom River、Marys River、Luckiamute River、Yamhill River、Tualatin River
 - 右侧支流 Middle Fork Willamette River、McKenzie River、Calapooia River、Santiam River、Molalla River、克拉克默斯河
城市 尤金科瓦利斯奥尔巴尼塞勒姆Newberg, ORWilsonville, OR波特蘭
源头 起源于俄勒冈海岸山脉英语Oregon Coast Range喀斯喀特山脉Middle Fork Willamette RiverCoast Fork Willamette River汇合
 - 位置 俄勒冈州雷恩縣尤金附近
 - 海拔 438 ft(134 m[2]
河口 哥倫比亞河
 - 位置 俄勒冈州姆尔特诺默县波特蘭
 - 海拔 10 ft(3 m[2]
长度 187 mi(301 km[3]
流域面积 11,478 mi²(29,730 km²[4]
流量 Morrison Bridge, Portland, 12.8英里(20.6公里) from mouth [a]
 - 平均流量 33,010 ft³/s(900 /s
 - 最大流量 420,000 ft³/s(11,900 /s
 - 最小流量 4,200 ft³/s(100 /s
威拉米特河流域图
维基共享资源:Willamette River

威拉米特河Willamette River),源出美國喀斯喀特山脈,由Coast河(Coast)和Middle河(Middle)等河匯合而成,流經俄勒岡州西南部。在波特蘭(Portland)西北注入哥倫比亞河。長約480公里,沿河是農牧業地區。威拉米特河長期飽受污染物質侵擾。

威拉米特河流經波特蘭

注解[编辑]

  1. ^ These are the average, maximum, and minimum flows recorded during the period of record (1973–2015) for this gauge.[5] The greatest recorded Willamette flood, which occurred in December 1861, produced a much larger maximum of 635,000立方英尺每秒(18,000立方米每秒) in Portland.[6]

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ 引用错误:没有为名为Bright的参考文献提供内容
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 引用错误:没有为名为gnis的参考文献提供内容
  3. ^ Facts About the Willamette River. Willamette Riverkeeper. [November 16, 2016]. (原始内容存档于October 31, 2016). 
  4. ^ Robbins, William G. Willamette River. The Oregon Encyclopedia. Portland State University and the Oregon Historical Society. [May 19, 2014]. 
  5. ^ Water-Year Summary for Site USGS 14211720. U.S. Geological Survey. [January 8, 2017]. 
  6. ^ 引用错误:没有为名为Flooding的参考文献提供内容
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外部連結[编辑]