- Spolyar, Douglas; Freese, Katherine; Gondolo, Paolo. Dark matter and the first stars: a new phase of stellar evolution. Physical Review Letters. Jan 2008. Bibcode:2008PhRvL.100e1101S. arXiv:0705.0521. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.051101.
- Siegel, Lee. Were the first stars dark? (新闻稿). University of Utah. 2 Dec 2007.
- Moore, Nicole. Dark matter powered the first stars, physicists speculate (新闻稿). University of Michigan. 2 Dec 2007.
Gamma-rays, particles called neutrinos or antimatter could be tell-tale signs
- Katherine Freese, Paolo Gondolo, and Douglas Spolyar "The Effect of Dark Matter on the First Stars: A New Phase of Stellar Evolution", Proceedings of First Stars III, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 16–20 July (2007).
- Spolyar, Douglas; Katherine Freese, Paolo Gondolo. Dark matter in newborn universe doused earliest stars. Physical Review Letters (Reported in Physorg.com). 2007-12-03 [2007-12-04]. News Report
- Katherine Freese, Peter Bodenheimer, Paolo Gondolo, Douglas Spolyar. Dark Stars: the First Stars in the Universe may be powered by Dark Matter Heating. 2008. arXiv:0812.4844 [astro-ph].