歷史畫

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戴安娜與阿克泰翁》,提香,1556–1559。其中不僅描繪神話人物,也涉及了風景畫靜物畫要素

歷史畫專指描繪某一故事的畫作,通常有多個人物同時出現。各拉丁語系語言名稱均取自拉丁語意大利語“historia”,本意是“故事”而非“歷史”,因此並非描繪的都是歷史事件。例如常見的歷史畫主題“基督的一生”及其他種種神話寓言故事[1]。19世紀之前歷史畫基本為篇幅宏大的布面油畫壁畫,典型的包括米開朗琪羅的《西斯廷天頂畫》 ,但19世紀之後學院藝術的統治地位動搖,這一詞語也遭到濫用,有時甚至根本不符合其基本定義。[2]

西方繪畫傳統中,歷史畫是藝術等級中最高的類型,相當於文學中的史詩莱昂·巴蒂斯塔·阿尔伯蒂在其1436年出版的《論繪畫》中就曾說歷史畫之所以高級,是因為它要求畫家在其他類別上臻于極致,並將歷史具現,從而觸動觀看者。他認爲將畫中人物聯係起來是繪製歷史畫的重中之重。[3]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ National Gallery, Glossary entry; History Painting Gallery from The National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC; Green and Seddon, 7-8; Harrison, 105-106
  2. ^ Green and Seddon, 11-15
  3. ^ Blunt, 11-12; Barlow, 1
  • Barlow, Paul, "The Death of History Painting in Nineteenth-Century Art?" PDF, Visual Culture in Britain, Volume 6, Number 1, Summer 2005, pp. 1–13(13)
  • Blunt, Anthony, Artistic Theory in Italy, 1450-1660, 1940 (refs to 1985 edn), OUP, ISBN 0-19-881050-4
  • Bull, Malcolm, The Mirror of the Gods, How Renaissance Artists Rediscovered the Pagan Gods, Oxford UP, 2005, ISBN 0195219236
  • Green, David and Seddon, Peter, History Painting Reassessed: The Representation of History in Contemporary Art, 2000, Manchester University Press, ISBN 9780719051685, google books
  • Harding, James. Artistes pompiers: French academic art in the 19th century, 1979, New York: Rizzoli
  • Harrison, Charles, An Introduction to Art, 2009, Yale University Press, ISBN 9780300109153, google books
  • Rothenstein, John, An Introduction to English Painting, 2002 (reissue), I.B.Tauris, ISBN 9781860646782
  • Strong, Roy. And when did you last see your father? The Victorian Painter and British History, 1978, Thames and Hudson, ISBN 0500271321
  • White, Harrison C., Canvases and Careers: Institutional Change in the French Painting World, 1993 (2nd edn), University of Chicago Press, ISBN 9780226894874, google books
  • Wright, Beth Segal, Scott's Historical Novels and French Historical Painting 1815-1855, The Art Bulletin, Vol. 63, No. 2 (Jun., 1981), pp. 268–287, JSTOR

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