燧發槍

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳转至: 导航搜索
1795年式滑膛槍英语Model 1795 Musket(Model 1795 Musket),一款經典的燧發槍
燧發槍開火時會擦出火花

燧發槍(flintlock)是一類存在於17-19世紀的槍械,包括燧發滑膛槍、燧發手槍、燧發線膛槍(來複槍)。燧發槍是由法國於17世紀發明的[1],燧發槍出現後,很快就取代了之前的火繩槍、簧輪槍以及較原始的燧發槍。燧發槍統治了槍械界長達兩個世紀,直到19世紀才被採用擊發式點火的槍械逐步取代[2]

歷史[编辑]

原始的燧發擊發裝置,如狗鎖式英语doglock(doglock)、燧發機英语snaphance(snaphance)、彈簧槍械英语snaplock等早在16世紀就出現了,而真正意義上的燧發槍則是由法國於17世紀早期發明,而具體的發明者和發明年份則不得而知。目前比較流行的說法認爲燧發槍是法國諾曼底藝術家、槍匠、琴師以及發明家馬哈·雷·布吉艾斯英语Marin le Bourgeoys(Marin le Bourgeoys)於1620年發明的[1]。馬哈·雷·布吉艾斯設計的燧發擊發裝置成爲了後來燧發槍的標準,很快就取代了之前的擊發裝置。燧發槍之後統治了槍械界整整兩個世紀,直到19世紀早期才被新出現的雷管槍(使用擊發式點火)逐步取代[3]

參見[编辑]

參考[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Lenk, Torsten; Translated by G.A. Urquhart. The Flintlock: its origin and development; MCMLXV. London: Bramhall House. 1965. 
  2. ^ Flatnes, Oyvind. From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms. Crowood Press, 2013, pp. 31–36. ISBN 978-1847975935
  3. ^ "Pistols: An Illustrated History of Their Impact" By Jeff Kinard, Published by ABC-CLIO, 2004
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 4.2 Finch, Brad. FLINTLOCK FAQ Beginners Guide to Flintlock Shooting. 1997. 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 Vallandigham, Paul. Flintlocks: How to Shoot Them. GUNS AND SHOOTING ONLINE Muzzleloader and Black Powder Information. [16 August 2015]. 
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 6.2 Whittaker, John. The Oldest British Industry: continuity and obsolescence in a flintknapper's sample set (PDF). Antiquity. 2001, 75: 382–90. doi:10.1017/s0003598x00061032. 
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 White, David. Brandon Gun Flint Knapping. 12 August 2014 [16 August 2015]. 
  8. ^ Tom Quinn; Paul Felix. Book of Forgotten Crafts. David & Charles. 1 April 2012: 202. ISBN 1-4463-5399-0. 
  9. ^ Batty Shaw, A. Knapper's Rot, Silicosis in East Anglian Flint Knappers. Medical History. 1981, 25: 151–168. doi:10.1017/s0025727300034359. PMC 1139012. PMID 7012479. 
  10. ^ Basic Tool Production Techniques, Health and Safety. ancientcrafts.co.uk. [23 August 2015]. 
  11. ^ 11.0 11.1 Stone age after the Stone age: Gunflint. Aggsbach's Paleolithic Blog. [18 August 2015]. 
  12. ^ 12.0 12.1 Flint. ancientcrafts.co.uk. [23 August 2015]. 
  13. ^ 13.0 13.1 13.2 Rodger, Nicholas. The Command of the Ocean:A Naval History of Britain 1649-1815. Penguin Books. 2004: 420. ISBN 0-14-028896-1. 
  14. ^ British Rockets
  15. ^ Flintlock tinder pistol. English, 1780-1830.. www.ingenious.org.uk. [2012-01-16]. 
  16. ^ spring-driven clock / clock-case / alarm clock. Collection Online. British Museum. [14 March 2014]. 
  17. ^ Alarm-clock. Hermitage Projects - Resotoration Programme. The State Hermitage Museum. [14 March 2014]. 

參考書目[编辑]

外部連結[编辑]

Template:Early firearms