第一印象

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心理学中,第一印象是指一个人第一次遇到另一个人時對另一個人產生的心像[1] [2]一個人在初次見面時給他人心目中的留下的心象取決於他的年龄、人種文化語言社會性別人类外貌口音、姿势、人聲、经济状况等多方面因素 [1][3] [4][5] [6] [7] [8] 日後他人对待自己的態度和看待自己的眼光往往取決於自己留給他人的第一印象。[9] [10]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Mackie, Eliot R. Smith, Diane M. Social psychology 3rd. Hove: Psychology Press. 2007 [8 May 2014]. ISBN 978-1841694092. 
  2. ^ Flora, Carlin. The First Impression. Psychology Today. [2011-02-20]. (原始内容存档于2011-02-01). 
  3. ^ Aronson, Elliot, Robin M. Akert, Timothy D. Wilson. Social psychology 6th. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice-Hall. 2007 [May 8, 2014]. ISBN 978-0132382458. (原始内容存档于May 11, 2015). 
  4. ^ Biesanz, J.C.; Human, L. J.; Paquin, A.; Chan, M.; Parisotto, K. L.; Sarracino, J.; Gillis, R. L. Do we know when our impressions of others are valid? evidence for realistic accuracy awareness in first impressions of personality. Social Psychological and Personality Science. 2011, 2 (5): 452–459. S2CID 146223671. doi:10.1177/1948550610397211. 
  5. ^ Bhargrave, R; Montgomery, N.V. The social context of temporal sequences: Why first impressions shape shared experiences. Journal of Consumer Research. 2013, 40 (3): 501–517. doi:10.1086/671053. 
  6. ^ Ding, Jonathan Y. C.; Rule, Nicholas O. Gay, Straight, or Somewhere in Between: Accuracy and Bias in the Perception of Bisexual Faces (PDF). Journal of Nonverbal Behavior. 12 January 2012, 36 (2): 165–176. S2CID 3853200. doi:10.1007/s10919-011-0129-y. 
  7. ^ Naumann, L. P.; Vazire, S.; Rentfrow, P. J.; Gosling, S. D. Personality Judgments Based on Physical Appearance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 17 September 2009, 35 (12): 1661–1671. PMID 19762717. S2CID 1645636. doi:10.1177/0146167209346309. 
  8. ^ Trudeau, M. You Had Me At Hello: The Science Behind First Impressions. NPR. 5 May 2014 [6 May 2014]. 
  9. ^ Guadagno, Rosanna E.; Cialdini, Robert B. Gender Differences in Impression Management in Organizations: A Qualitative Review. Sex Roles. 21 March 2007, 56 (7–8): 483–494. S2CID 144197017. doi:10.1007/s11199-007-9187-3. 
  10. ^ Wood, T.J. Exploring the role of first impressions in rater-based assessments. Advances in Health Sciences Education. August 2014, 19 (3): 409–427. PMID 23529821. S2CID 25588267. doi:10.1007/s10459-013-9453-9.