結構人類學

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳转至: 导航搜索

結構人類學(structural anthropology)是文化人類學的其中一個學派,概念來自克勞德·李維-史陀的構思。他認為人類會把世界上的東西以二元方式表述,譬如高低、內外、人和動物、生死。這些概念在不同的文化領域都能夠被了解。「From the very start," he wrote, "the process of visual perception makes use of binary oppositions.」[結構主義及生態學, 1972]

概念[编辑]

他的手法基本上來自索緒爾結構語言學。他說:「Only those who practice structural analysis are made aware by their daily work of what they are actually trying to do: that is, to reunite perspectives which the narrow scientific outlook of the last centuries has for too long believed to be mutually exclusive: sensibility and intellect, quality and quantity, the concrete and the geometrical, or as we say today, the "etic" and the "emic."」 [1972]

歷史與發展[编辑]

影響[编辑]

外部链接[编辑]