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被永久保护的模板

Template:Webarchive

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webarchive模板错误:检查|url=参数。空。

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{{Webarchive}}用于增加Wayback MachineWebCite网页存档站点英语List of Web archiving initiatives的链接。

此模板是{{wayback}}{{webcite}}{{memento}}{{cite archives}}的替代品。

用法

In most cases the template needs only two arguments, the archive |url= and archive |date=.

Example:

{{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160801000000/http://example.com |date=2016-08-01}}
Produces: 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2016-08-01.

Example 2:

{{webarchive |url=http://www.webcitation.org/5eWaHRbn4?url=http://www.example.com/ |date=2009-02-12}}
Produces: WebCite存檔,存档日期2009-02-12

It is also common to include a |title=

Example 3:

{{webarchive |url=http://www.webcitation.org/5eWaHRbn4?url=http://www.example.com/ |date=2009-02-12 |title=Page title}}
Produces: Page title,存档于WebCite(存檔日期 2009-02-12)

多个URL

The template optionally supports multiple URLs (up to 10) for linking to multiple archiving services for the same source link. The first url argument is |url= then |url2= .. |url10=. Each URL can have its own date and title argument, thus |date2= .. |date10= and |title2= .. |title10=.

选项

Main options

url..url10
The URL(s) to the archive service. There should always be a |url= which counts as the first url. Each |url#= can have its own numbered corresponding |date#= and |title#=. Matching of url with date and title is done by numbers, not position. Numbers do not need to be in sequence, for example |url2= followed by |url5= works.
date..date10
The date the page was archived. The date format displayed is the same as entered. If |date= is missing the template will make a best effort to find the date by decoding the archive URL (wayback and webcite for example provide this data in the URL), and will display the date in iso format by default. However including a date is recommended for date formatting reasons, and because other tools may not have the ability to decode the date from the URL.
title..title10
The text displayed for the link. If no |title= is provided then |date= is displayed. Otherwise |title= takes precedence if both are set.

Secondary options

nolink
If set to any value (including blank such as |nolink=) the wiki-link for the archive service will not be displayed. For example if Wayback Machine was previously linked in an article, it won't be linked again.
format
This is a special option to support the merger of {{cite archives}}. It may be deprecated in the future. Because CS1|2 templates do not currently support more than 1 archive link, this template will tack on additional archive links to the end of a CS1|2 template output. It takes two values: |format=addlarchives or |format=addlpages. Addlarchives will display output appropriate for linking to multiple web archiving services. Addlpages will display output appropriate for linking to multiple pages at the same archive.
origurl
This is the original URL and this argument should not be used unless you know what you're doing. This option is not recommended because it is redundant, not needed by the template and creates error-prone interactions with other link rot tools. For example given the original URL http://www.example.com it is already contained in the archive URLs:
Wayback: |url=https://web.archive.org/web/YYYYMMDDhhmmss/http://www.example.com
Webcite: |url=http://www.webcitation.org/5eWaHRbn4?url=http://www.example.com (more info at Using WebCite)
Archive.is: |url=http://archive.is/YYYYMMDDhhmmss/http://www.example.com (more info at Using Archive.is)
Archive services that have the option for long-form URLs, like the above examples, should use that (most do) instead of |origurl=. See RfC which discusses the policy of disallowing URL-shortening which can be used to hide blacklisted websites. In the rare instances when an archive service only has shortened URLs available, the original URL can be stored in the |origurl= argument. Another reason not to use this argument unless necessary is because other link-rot tools (bots, edit scripts etc) may try to "save" the URL - which is presumably dead - by converting it to an archive URL, adding a dead link tag or even messing with the archive URL. Note that the argument is not used by the template it's only for storage.

Examples

The number of possible examples is extensive depending on the mix of options. Some common cases follow. For more extensive testing see the testcases page.

  • Single link at Wayback with date and title (recommended method)
{{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160801000000/http://example.com |date=2016-08-01|title=Page title}}
Page title,存档于互联网档案馆(存檔日期 2016-08-01)
  • Single link at Wayback with date only
{{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160801000000/http://example.com |date=2016-08-01}}
互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2016-08-01.
  • Single link at WebCite with no date and no title
{{webarchive |url=http://www.webcitation.org/5eWaHRbn4?url=http://www.example.com/}}
WebCite存檔,存档日期2012-05-26
  • Multi-link at Wayback with dates and titles (recommended method)
{{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160801/http://example.com |title=Page title |date=2016-08-01|url2=https://web.archive.org/web/20160901/http://example.com |title2=Page2 title |date2=2016-09-01}}
Page title,存档于互联网档案馆(存檔日期 2016-08-01). 其他存档:Page2 title.
  • Multi-link at Wayback with dates only
{{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160801/http://example.com |date=2016-08-01|url2=https://web.archive.org/web/20160901/http://example.com |date2=2016-09-01}}
互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2016-08-01. 其他存档:2016-09-01.
  • Multi-link at Wayback with titles only
{{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160801/http://example.com |title=Page title |url2=https://web.archive.org/web/20160901/http://example.com |title2=Page2 title}}
Page title,存档于互联网档案馆(存檔日期 2016-08-01). 其他存档:Page2 title.

跟踪分类

The template has a number of hidden tracking categories which may be added (via Module:Webarchive):

模板维护

The following can be done to maintain the template.

Monitor tracking categories

  • The tracking categories for "warnings" and "errors" can be monitored to alert for any problems in the data.
  • The tracking category for "unknown archives" may indicate a problem in the data; for example an editor used the source URL instead of the archive URL in the |url= field.

Configuration: verifydates

The template can verify that Wayback (or WebCite) dates in the URL portion match the date in the |date= argument. If the dates don't match it will leave a red warning message "date mismatch" and add the article to the warning tracking category.

Because the verification function adds some overhead to the template, it can optionally be globally disabled by setting the variable "verifydates = no" (see the Module source in function p.webarchive()). Note that after setting to "yes", it can take a week or more for the tracking category to be fully populated. Set to "yes" if you are searching for problems in the data that need fixing (they'll show up in the tracking category).

Configuration: maxurls

The max number of URLs is 10 but this can be changed by setting the "maxurls" variable in the p.webarchive() function. This is a global variable that will effect all instances of the template, use with caution. Reducing the number will increase the template speed and reduce resource use.

VisualEditor TemplateData

What is this? See https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Help:TemplateData

A template for linking to offsite archives such as Wayback, WebCite, Archive.is, etc..

模板参数

参数说明类型状态
Archive URLurl

URL to the archive.

例子
https://web.archive.org/web/20160101000000/http://example.com
字符串必填
Archive datedate

Date of the archive.

例子
January 1, 2016
字符串推荐
Archive titletitle

Title (or text) displayed on the Wiki page for the link.

默认值
Date argument, or the word 'Archive'
例子
Example website
字符串推荐
Wikilinknolink

Wikilink to the archive's page in the rendering. Any value including blank means no wikilink.

字符串可选
Format of template rendering.format

For multi-URL instances, render display in one of two formats.

字符串可选