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蒂涅
Commune
Tignes Val Claret, taken from slopes of the Grande Motte mountain
Tignes Val Claret, taken from slopes of the Grande Motte mountain
蒂涅徽章
徽章
国家  法國
大区 奥弗涅-罗讷-阿尔卑斯大区
萨瓦省
Albertville
Bourg-Saint-Maurice
政府
 • 市长(2014–2020) Jean-Christophe Vitale
面积1 81.63 平方公里(31.52 平方英里)
人口(2014)2 2,587
 • 密度 32/平方公里(82/平方英里)
INSEE/邮政编码 73296 / 73320
海拔 1,440~3,747米(4,724~12,293英尺)
(平均:2593.5米)

1法國統計部門在計算土地面積時,不計算面積大於1平方公里的湖泊、池塘、冰川和河口。

2人口不重複計算」:擁有多重居住地的居民(如:學生和軍人)僅計算一次。

蒂涅 (法语发音:[tiɲ])是在法國東南部罗纳-阿尔卑斯大區萨瓦Tarentaise Valley市镇。它位於薩瓦地區離里昂日内瓦尚贝里最好的交通位置。[1][2]

它最知名於滑雪場。與附近瓦勒迪泽尔連在一起,它形成了“Espace Killy”滑雪場。蒂涅是1992年冬季奥林匹克运动会自由式滑雪場館和1992年冬季帕拉林匹克運動會的一部分主辦城市。

Villages[编辑]

Tignes comprises 5 Villages; Val Claret, Tignes le Lac, Le Lavachet, Tignes Les Boisses and Tignes-les-Brévières. The first three are close together at 2100 m and Les Boisses and Les Brevieres are further down the valley, above and below the dam respectively. Les Brévières is an old village whereas all the others were created as part of the Dam construction or development of the ski resort. All the villages are part of the ski resort known as Tignes.

Dam (barrage de Tignes)[编辑]

Barrage de Tignes.

The original village of Tignes was in the Isère valley below Val d'Isère. After the second world war, France needed electricity and it was decided to build the hydro-electric Tignes Dam in the Isère valley. Whilst this was a great achievement for French engineering and was for the greater good of France, it meant that the old village of Tignes was drowned. The dam was completed and the village was submerged in 1952. A replica of the original church was created in Tignes les Boisses. Once every 10 years the lake behind the dam (Lac du Chevril) is drained for maintenance work and the remains of the old village becomes visible.

The dam was painted with a fresco of Hercules in 1989 by Jean-Marie Pierret with the help of eight mountain climbers. The fresco is considered one of the largest in the world. The portrait of Hercules was added and funded by private corporations interested in boosting the Olympic appeal during the winter games of 1992 which took place in nearby Albertville, France.[3][4]

Ski resort[编辑]

A ski lift on the Grande Motte.

After the loss of the old village it was decided to develop a ski resort at the higher lake (Le Lac). This was surrounded by a bowl that is ideal for skiing and is headed by the Grand Motte glacier. The resort was developed largely during the 1960s and the building style reflects what was regarded as good building design at that time. In recent years the town has worked to improve the look of the new villages with some success.

The lifts of Tignes have been managed since 1967 by the company STGM (The Société des Téléphériques de la Grande Motte).[5] Many lifts are fast 6 or 8 person chairlifts and there are 113 snow cannons which produce 450,000 m2 of artificial snow each year.[6] The ski area is linked with the resort of Val-d'Isère and the entire ski area is called Espace Killy. At 4.2 km, Tignes boasts the 4th longest funicular in the world.[來源請求] Ski trails in Tignes reach a height of 3456 m making it the perfect choice for snow sure skiing.[7]

Operations[编辑]

There are 56 ski patrollers covering the resort of Tignes.[8] There are 15 snow cats to maintain the quality of the pistes, 4 of these are equipped with winches for working steep slopes and 1 for shaping the half pipe. Around 60% of the slopes are groomed each evening.[9]

Grande Motte glacier[编辑]

Due to presence of the Grande Motte glacier, Tignes offers year-round skiing.

Tarentaise Valley skiing[编辑]

Within the Tarentaise Valley is the biggest concentration of world-class ski resorts in the world. Most well known neighbour systems are Paradiski (Les Arcs & La Plagne) and Les Trois Vallées (Courchevel, Meribel, Val Thorens and more). There were once plans to interlink all systems and resorts to create the largest ski area in the world. However that vision was ended with the creation of the Vanoise National Park.

2017 avalanche[编辑]

On 13 February 2017, four people died due to the avalanche at the ski resort. It was reported to be at least 400 metres (1,300ft) wide and at an altitude of 2,100 metres.[10]

See also[编辑]

References[编辑]

External links[编辑]

Template:Savoie communes Template:1992 Winter Olympic venues Template:Olympic venues freestyle skiing