死亡丧钟

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死亡丧钟(英语:Death Knell)是教堂里在有人去世后敲响的三次中的第二次。以英国来说,它前面一个为Passing Bell(临终之钟)[1][2],在临死时敲响;后面一个为Lych Bell或Corpse Bell(葬礼之钟),在举行葬礼时敲响[3][4],后者也就是今日丧礼中的丧钟。按19世纪时的传统,死亡丧钟要在牧师得知信徒逝世后马上敲响。但是若此时已经入夜,那么则在第二天一早敲整整一小时的死亡丧钟。[5] [6]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Walters P156. He also notes " ..there was sometimes the inconvenience that though the Passing Bell had been duly rung, the dying person might recover"
  2. ^ Timbs, John. Mysteries of Life, Death, and Futurity: illustrated from the best and latest authorities. New York. 1863. 
  3. ^ Brand, John; Ellis, Sir Henry; Halliwell-Phillipps, James Orchard. Observations on the Popular Antiquities of Great Britain: chiefly illustrating the origin of our vulgar and provincial customs, ceremonies, and superstitions. Bohn. 1849-01-01 (英语). 
  4. ^ Walters P 160
  5. ^ E.g. Thomas Hood's poem "Faithless Sally Brown"; "His death which happened in his berth, At forty-odd befell: They went and told the sexton, and The sexton tolled the bell"
  6. ^ Walters P157
  • H B Walters, The Church bells of England. published 1912 and republished 1977 by Oxford University Press.

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