斑點珍龜

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斑點珍龜
正在交媾的斑點珍龜
正在交媾的斑點珍龜
保护状况
科學分類
界: 動物界 Animalia
門: 脊索動物門 Chordata
綱: 爬行綱 Reptilia
目: 龜鱉目 Testudines
亞目: 隱頸亞目 Cryptodira
科: 陸龜科 Testudinidae
屬: 珍龜屬 Homopus
種: 斑點珍龜 H. signatus
二名法
Homopus signatus
Schoepff, 1801
異名[2]
Homopus signatus signatus
  • Testudo signata Walbaum, 1782
  • Testudo signata Gmelin, 1789
  • Chersine signata Merrem, 1820
  • Testudo juvencella Daudin, 1831 (nomen nudum)
  • Testudo juvencella Daudin, 1831
  • Homopus signatus Duméril & Bibron, 1835
  • Pseudomopus signatus Hewitt, 1931
  • Pseudomopus [signatus] signatus Hewitt, 1935
  • Chersobius signatus Hewitt, 1937
  • Homopus signata Williams, 1952
  • Homopus signatus signatus Mertens & Wermuth, 1955
Homopus signatus cafer
  • Testudo cafra Daudin, 1801
  • Pseudomopus signatus peersi Hewitt, 1935
  • Homopus signatus peersi Mertens & Wermuth, 1955
  • Chersobius peersi Archer, 1968
  • Homopus signatus cafra Bour, 1988
  • Homopus signatus cafer Boycott & Bourquin, 1988
  • Homopus signatus cafer Branch, 1988

斑點珍龜學名Homopus signatus[1][3][4]珍龜屬下的一種小型龜,是世界上最下的龜之一。原生於南非納米比亞南部。[2]

其活動範圍只局限於小纳马夸兰和南非西部乾旱地區,雄性大小約6~8厘米(2.4~3.1英寸),雌性約為10厘米(3.9英寸)。[5] 平均重95~165克(3.4~5.8盎司)。貝殼扁平有鋸緣,顏色由褐色到橘色不等。

斑點珍龜有兩個亞種:

  • 納馬夸蘭斑點珍龜Homopus signatus signatus)活動于南非-納米比亞交界處及納米比亞南部。[2]
  • 南部斑點珍龜Homopus signatus cafer,即以前的H. s. peersi)活動於開普敦附近。

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 W. R. Branch. Homopus signatus. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 2012 [June 30, 2013]. 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Fritz Uwe; Peter Havaš. Checklist of Chelonians of the World. Vertebrate Zoology. 2007, 57 (2): 283 [29 May 2012]. ISSN 18640-5755. (原始内容存档于2010-12-17). 
  3. ^ J. Obst, K. Richter, and U. Jacob, The Completely Illustrated Atlas of Reptiles and Amphibians for the Terrarium, T.F.H. press, 1988.
  4. ^ The Herpetology Sourcebook, Reptile & Amphibian Magazine, 1996-1997.
  5. ^ Branch, B. (1998). Field Guide to Snakes and other Reptiles of Southern Africa. 3d edition. Struik Publishers. ISBN 1-86872-040-3