砲灰

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砲灰是個非正式的用語,指被看作是面對敵人砲火下可消耗的軍事人員。這個詞一般用在倚靠希望渺茫的機會下戰鬥的士兵(可預見將遭受嚴重傷亡),以努力實現戰略目標。第一次世界大战壕溝戰就是一個例子。這個詞也可以使用來(有貶義)區分步兵與其他兵種(像是砲兵、空軍或海軍),或將容易消耗的低階士兵、經驗不足的士兵,與大概更有價值的老兵做出區別。

英語Cannon fodder源於饲料,牲畜的糧食,暗喻士兵是敵方大砲下的餌食。

人海戰術[编辑]

參見[编辑]

  • 被遺棄的希望, the initial wave of troops attacking a fortress or other strongpoint, who usually took terrible casualties.
  • Redshirt, a character whose sole purpose is to die violently soon after being introduced. This term was originally used to describe the red-shirted security personnel of the original Star Trek series.
  • Mook, from mook jung (Cantonese for "dead wood" or "wooden dummy") - the same but on the baddies' side.
  • 替罪羔羊, a metaphorical reference for a person who has little if any chance of surviving an upcoming challenge, but seeks to sacrifice him or herself for the common good.
  • 肉盾, informal and often derogatory expression for someone put forth to absorb an attack or shelter another, such as a hostage held to block bullets.
  • 刑罰部隊
  • 邪惡射手原則(突擊兵效應)
  • 神風特攻隊

參考資料[编辑]