雲南閉殼龜

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雲南閉殼龜
Cuora yunnanensis.jpg
保护状况
科學分類
界: 動物界 Animalia
門: 脊索動物門 Chordata
綱: 蜥形綱 Sauropsida
目: 龜鱉目 Testudines
科: 地龜科 Geoemydidae
屬: 閉殼龜屬 Cuora
種: 雲南閉殼龜 C. yunnanensis
二名法
Cuora yunnanensis
(Boulenger, 1906)

雲南閉殼龜學名Cuora yunnanensis)是一種地龜科動物。牠們可能是中國雲南特有種,但懷疑於20世紀初已經滅絕。曾有標本於1940年採集得來[2][3]但是,該標本的可信性卻備受質疑,主要是因為在當時的中國常有這種造假以求高價的現象,也有指這其實是一個混種。[1]2007年突破性地發現三個標本,並經過基因証明後都是雲南閉殼龜,而非混種。[4]2000年評核的IUCN紅色名錄一度把它列為已滅絕物種,2009年更新为极危。牠們的分佈仍然不明,現正有多種保育措施實施來保護牠們免受真正滅絕的威脅。

參考[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 van Dijk, P.P., Blanck, T. & Lau, M. Cuora yunnanensis. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 2009 [2011-11-3]. 
  2. ^ Blanck, T. Cuora yunnanensis (BOULENGER, 1906), the Yunnan Box Turtle, Rediscovered after One-hundred Years? CUORA Special. RADIATA. 2005, 14 (2): 10–33. 
  3. ^ Blanck, T., Zhou, T. & W. P. McCord. The Yunnan box turtle, Cuora yunnanensis (BOULENGER 1906); historical background and an update on the morphology, distribution and vulnerabilities of the only known living specimens. SACALIA. 2006, 13 (4): 14–35. 
  4. ^ He J.,T. Zhou, Rao D.-Q. & Y.-P. Zhang. Molecular identification and phylogenetic position of Cuora yunnanensis. Chinese Science Bulletin. 2007, 52 (17): 2085–2088. 
  • PARHAM, J. F., B. L. STUART, R. BOUR & U. FRITZ. 2004. Evolutionary distinctiveness of the extinct Yunnan box turtle (Cuora yunnanensis) revealed by DNA from an old museum specimen. – Proceedings of the Royal Society of Biology (Supplement), Biological Letters, London, 271: 391-394 + Electronic Appendix A, 6 pp.
  • ZHOU, T. & E. ZHAO (2004): On the occurrence of living Cuora yunnanensis since fifty-eight years and its description. . Sichuan J. Zool., Chengdu 23 (4): 325-327 + 1 Plate(in Chinese)
  • ZHOU, T. (2005): Discovery of a Living Male Yunnan Box Turtle, Cuora yunnanensis BOULENGER, 1906. .Sichuan J. Zool., Chengdu 24 (3): 345-346 + 1 Plate(in Chinese)

外部連結[编辑]

  • World Chelonian Trust: Cuora Gallery. Contains C. yunnanensis museum specimen photos. Retrieved 2007-SEP-01.