卡菲利城堡

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卡菲利城堡

卡菲利城堡(英語:Caerphilly Castle威爾斯語Castell Caerffili)是位於英國威爾斯南部城市卡菲利的一座中世紀時期的城堡。卡菲利城堡被人工湖所包圍,佔地面積多達30英畝(12公頃),是英國面積第二大城堡[1]。城堡始建於13世紀,自歷史上曾經遭遇多多次戰爭。現在卡菲利城堡已經成為一座觀光景點。

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ Brown 2004,第81页
  • Brown, R. Allen. Allen Brown's English Castles. Woodbridge, UK: The Boydell Press. 2004. ISBN 978-1-84383-069-6. 
  • Carpenter, David. The Struggle for Mastery: the Penguin History of Britain 1066–1284. London, UK: Penguin. 2004. ISBN 978-0-14-014824-4. 
  • Clark, George T. A Description and History of the Castles of Kidwelly and Caerphilly, and of Castell Coch. London, UK: W. Pickering. 1852. OCLC 13015278. 
  • Davies, John. Cardiff and the Marquesses of Bute. Cardiff, UK: University of Wales Press. 1981. ISBN 978-0-7083-2463-9. 
  • Davies, R. R. Domination and Conquest: the Experience of Ireland, Scotland and Wales, 1100–1300. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 1990. ISBN 978-0-521-02977-3. 
  • Goodall, John. The English Castle. New Haven, US and London, UK: Yale University Press. 2011. ISBN 978-0-300-11058-6. 
  • Hull, Lisa. Understanding the Castle Ruins Of England And Wales: How to Interpret the Meaning of Masonry and Earthworks. Jefferson, US: McFarland. 2009. ISBN 978-0-7864-3457-2. 
  • King, D. J. Cathcart. The Castle in England and Wales. London, UK: Routledge. 1991. ISBN 978-0-415-00350-6. 
  • Lowry, Bernard. Discovering Fortifications: From the Tudors to the Cold War. Princes Risborough, UK: Shire Publications. 2006. ISBN 978-0-7478-0651-6. 
  • Newman, John. The Buildings of Wales: Glamorgan. London, UK: Penguin. 2001. ISBN 978-0-14-071056-4. 
  • Pounds, Norman John Greville. The Medieval Castle in England and Wales: a Social and Political History. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 1994. ISBN 978-0-521-45828-3. 
  • Prestwich, Michael. Edward I and Wales. (编) Williams, Diane; Kenyon, John. The Impact of Edwardian Castles in Wales. Oxford, UK: Oxbow Books. 2010: 1–8. ISBN 978-1-84217-380-0. 
  • Prior, Stuart. A Few Well-Positioned Castles: the Norman Art of War. Stroud, UK: Tempus. 2006. ISBN 978-0-7524-3651-7. 
  • Renn, Derek. Caerphilly Castle. Cardiff, UK: Cadw. 2002. ISBN 978-1-85760-082-7. 
  • Spurgeon, Jack. The Castles of Glamorgan: Some Sites and Theories of General Interest. Château Gaillard: Études de Castellologie. 1983, 8: 203–226. 
  • Wiggins, Kenneth. Siege Mines and Underground Warfare. Princes Risborough, UK: Shire Publications. 2003. ISBN 978-0-7478-0547-2. 

外部連結[编辑]

坐标51°34′34″N 3°13′13″W / 51.5761°N 3.2203°W / 51.5761; -3.2203