原昌宏

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原昌宏
出生1957年(64-65歲)
 日本東京都
国籍 日本
知名于QR碼發明者
奖项歐洲發明家獎英语European Inventor Award(2014年)
日語寫法
日語原文原 昌宏
假名はら まさひろ
平文式罗马字Hara Masahiro

原昌宏(日语:原 昌宏はら まさひろ Hara Masahiro,1957年)是一名日本工程師,因在1994年發明QR碼而知名[1][2]

早期生活和教育[编辑]

原昌宏於1957年在東京都出生[3]。他就讀於法政大學電機工程系[1][4],並於1980年畢業[5]

職業生涯[编辑]

內容為 http://zh.wikipedia.org(中文維基百科首頁)的QR碼

電裝和QR碼的發明[编辑]

原昌宏在豐田集團的子公司電裝工作時,發明用於追踪汽車零部件的QR碼[6][7][8][9]。他的任務是想出一種更好的方法來追踪汽車工業中使用的零件,並在1980年代幫助開發出一個條形碼系統[10]。有一天工作時,在午休時間的圍棋遊戲中,他認知到圍棋的黑白布局可以用來編碼信息[10],該代碼於1994年作為QR碼推出[11]

2021年,QR碼被用於預訂和追蹤COVID-19測試和聯繫人追踪。[10]。原昌宏表示,他希望開發用於其他醫療目的的QR碼,包括X射線心電圖數據等成像[2]。截至2022年,原昌宏仍為電裝公司工作[1]

國際協力機構[编辑]

原昌宏是國際協力機構致力改善黑人教育的「人人都有學上」項目的總工程師和顧問[12][13]

著作[编辑]

  • Co-author of chapters 7 & 12 of "Educational development through community-wide collaboration", 2020 book "Community Participation with Schools in Developing Countries" ISBN 9780429057472[14][15]

獲獎[编辑]

2014年,原昌宏和QR碼開發團隊的發明者們被授予歐洲發明家獎英语European Inventor Award[16]

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Meet the Man Who Invented The QR Code. Worldcrunch. 2022-01-24 [2022-01-30] (英语). 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Oba, Yumi. 'Father of QR code' says the technology's future is in storing important medical information. SBS Japanese. 19 November 2021 [2 February 2022]. 
  3. ^ TEDxAnjo | TED. www.ted.com. [2022-04-10]. 
  4. ^ Hara, Mashhiro. Development and Popularisation of QR Code (PDF). 2019. 
  5. ^ Members of Faculty Pamphlet (PDF). Hosei University: Cover page. "Hosei Alumnus, Masahire Hara invented QR code (1994) Denso Cp. Ltd. Graduated from Hosei University in 1980 
  6. ^ Gapper, John. Ant and Covid have made the humble QR code a hit. Financial Times. 2020-10-30 [2022-01-30]. 
  7. ^ The Little-Known Story of the Birth of the QR Code. nippon.com. 2020-02-10 (英语). 
  8. ^ Boulton, J. (2014). 100 Ideas that Changed the Web. United Kingdom: Laurence King Publishing. Chapter 84 "This all changed in the early '90s at Denso Wave, a subsidiary of Toyota. An engineer called Masahiro Hara was tasked with creating a barcode that could hold more information than the existing format. His solution was the Quick Response (QR) code..."
  9. ^ Implications of QR Codes for the Business Environment - ProQuest. www.proquest.com. [2022-03-20] (英语). 
  10. ^ 10.0 10.1 10.2 'I'm pleased it is being used for people's safety': QR code inventor relishes its role in tackling Covid. the Guardian. 2020-12-11 (英语). 
  11. ^ Goodrich, Joanna. How a Board Game and Skyscrapers Inspired the Development of the QR Code. IEEE Spectrum: Technology, Engineering, and Science News (英语). 
  12. ^ Getting to Scale: How to Bring Development Solutions to Millions of Poor People. (2013). United States: Brookings Institution Press. p 296, 300
  13. ^ JICA Experts, Back in Japan, Are Granted an Audience with Their Imperial Highnesses Prince and Princess Akishino, Princess Mako and Princess Kako | News | News & Features | JICA. www.jica.go.jp. [2022-03-20]. 
  14. ^ Community Participation with Schools in Developing Countries: Towards Equitable and Inclusive Basic Education for All. Routledge & CRC Press. [2022-03-20] (英语). 
  15. ^ Maruyama, Takao; Kurosaki, Takashi. Do remedial activities using math workbooks improve student learning? Empirical evidence from scaled-up interventions in Niger. World Development. 2021-12-01, 148: 105659. ISSN 0305-750X. doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2021.105659 (英语). 
  16. ^ Office, European Patent. Masahiro Hara, Motoaki Watabe, Tadao Nojiri, Takayuki Nagaya, Yuji Uchiyama (Japan). www.epo.org (英语).