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古布立吞語

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古布立吞語
Old Brittonic / Common Brittonic
区域 福斯湾南部的大不列顛島地區
語言滅亡 公元600年左右拓展為古威爾士語坎伯蘭語康瓦爾語布列塔尼语
語系
語言代碼
ISO 639-3
语言学家列表 1bd
語言瞭望站 50-AB

古布立吞語(Old Brittonic),或稱普通布立吞語(Common BrittonicCommon BrythonicBritish)為曾經通行於大不列顛島的一種古老P-凱爾特語。亦稱為不列顛人(Britons (Celtic people))的凯尔特人所使用的語言,在公元6世紀時它分裂成不同的布立吞亞支各式語言:威尔士语坎伯蘭語康瓦爾語,及布列塔尼语等語言。它被歸類為P-凱爾特語海島凱爾特語支

古布立吞語為海島凱爾特語之一種,它源自原始凱爾特語,一個假設性的源頭語言,在公元前第一個千禧年的上半年就已經分散為不同的方言或語支。[1][2][3][4] 有一些證據表明,皮克特语可能和"古布立吞語"有密切的關連,也可能是第五個語支。[5][6][7]

參見[编辑]

註釋[编辑]

  1. ^ Henderson, Jon C. The Atlantic Iron Age: Settlement and Identity in the First Millennium BC. Routledge. 2007: 292–295. 
  2. ^ Sims-Williams, Patrick. Studies on Celtic Languages before the Year 1000. CMCS. 2007: 1. 
  3. ^ Koch, John. Celtic Culture: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. 2006: 1455. 
  4. ^ Eska, Joseph. Continental Celtic. (编) Roger Woodard. The Ancient Languages of Europe. Cambridge. 2008. 
  5. ^ Forsyth, Katherine. John Koch, 编. Celtic Culture: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. 2006: 1444, 1447. 
  6. ^ Forsyth, Katherine, Language in Pictland : the case against "non-Indo-European Pictish" (Utrecht: de Keltische Draak, 1997), 27.
  7. ^ Jackson, Kenneth. The Pictish Language. (编) F. T. Wainwright. The Problem of the Picts. Edinburgh: Nelson. 1955: 129–166. 

參考文獻[编辑]

  • Atkinson and Gray[需要解释] (2005) "Are Accurate Dates an Intractable Problem for Historical Linguistics?". In: Mapping Our Ancestors, Collard, Mark, et al., eds. Transaction Books
  • Filppula, M., Klemola, J. and Pitkänen, H. (2001). The Celtic Roots of English, (Studies in languages, No. 37), University of Joensuu, Faculty of Humanities, ISBN 978-952-458-164-6.
  • Forsyth, K. (1997) Language in Pictland.
  • Jackson, K. (1953) Language and History in Early Britain.
  • Jackson, K. (1955) "The Pictish Language" in F. T. Wainwright The Problem of the Picts. London: Nelson.
  • Koch, J. (1986) «New Thought on Albion, Ieni and the "Pretanic Isles"» in: Proceedings of the Harvard Celtic Colloquium; 6, 1–28 (1986).
  • Lambert, P.-Y. (ed.), Recueil des inscriptions gauloises II.2. Textes gallo-latins sur instrumentum, Paris: CNRS Editions, 2002, p. 304-306.
  • Lambert, Pierre-Yves (2003). La langue gauloise. 2nd edition. Paris, Editions Errance. p. 176
  • Lockwood, W. B. (1975) Languages of the British Isles Past and Present, London: Deutsch ISBN 978-0-233-96666-3
  • Ostler, Nicholas (2005) Empires of the Word. London: HarperCollins ISBN 978-0-00-711870-0.
  • Price, G. (2000). Languages of Britain and Ireland, Blackwell. ISBN 978-0-631-21581-3
  • Rivet, A. and Smith, C. (1979) The Place-Names of Roman Britain
  • Sims-Williams, Patrick (2003) The Celtic Inscriptions of Britain: phonology and chronology, c.400–1200. Oxford, Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-4051-0903-1
  • Trudgill, P. (ed.) (1984) Language in the British Isles, Cambridge University Press.

外部連結[编辑]