史蒂芬·巴雷特

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史蒂芬·巴雷特
出生 Stephen Joel Barrett
1933年(85-86歲)
纽约市
居住地 北卡罗莱纳州教堂山
母校 哥伦比亚大学整形外科学院 (1957)
职业 精神病医生、作家、咨询师、网络主编
活跃时期 1961–1993
知名于 伪医学观察英语Quackwatch主编
配偶 Judith Nevyas Barrett, M.D.[1][2]
儿女 3 (Daniel, Deborah, and Benjamin)[2]
网站 www.quackwatch.org

史蒂芬·巴雷特(英語:Stephen Joel Barrett/ˈbærɪt/,1933年),是一名美国精神科醫師、作家、全国反医疗诈骗咨委会英语National Council Against Health Fraud共同创始人、伪医学观察英语Quackwatch主编。他从事揭发批评庸医与健康欺诈行动,并致力于消费者保护醫學倫理科学质疑

生平[编辑]

1957年,巴雷特毕业于哥伦比亚大学整形外科学院,并在1961年完成精神病学的驻院实习。1967年至1968年,他在位于芝加哥的拉萨尔扩展大学英语La Salle Extension University学习了美国法律及程序的函授课程[3]。之后他担任从业医生,直至1993年退休[4]。之后他离开宾夕法尼亚州艾伦镇,迁居至北卡罗莱纳州教堂山[5]

除了在经营自己的网站外,巴雷特也是全国反医疗诈骗咨委会英语National Council Against Health Fraud共同创始人、副主席、董事;他也担任美国科学与健康协会英语American Council on Science and Health的科学顾问、怀疑性探究委员会英语Committee for Skeptical Inquiry成员。1987年至1989年,他还在宾夕法尼亚州立大学教授健康教育课程。

巴雷特也担任普罗米修斯出版社英语Prometheus Books的消费者健康图书馆的顾问编辑[6];此外他也担任两个医学期刊[7][8][9]同行审查小组成员[10]。他是医景网英语Medscape[11]与《替代医学科学评论英语Scientific Review of Alternative Medicine[12]的编辑。此外他也经常出现在NBC日界線今日美国早安美国等节目的采访中[10][13]

他所负责的伪医学观察英语Quackwatch(英語:Quackwatch)在2003年5月获得MD NetGuide英语MD NetGuide颁布的“最佳医师编辑网站”奖状[14]。1984年,他因长期揭发营养学欺诈行为,获得了美国食品和药物管理局的公共服务特别奖[15]。他也被《怀疑探索者英语Skeptical Inquirer》选入20世纪最杰出的批评家名单中[16]。1986年,他获得美国饮食协会英语American Dietetic Association的荣誉会员称号[15][17]

消费与信息[编辑]

伪医学观察网站是巴雷特及其他医师揭发批评庸医与健康欺诈行动的主要平台[18]。该网站曾隶属于Quackwatch非盈利公司,后来该公司解散[19]。巴雷特也是脊椎按摩疗法的主要质疑者之一[20]。此外他对于替代医学的批判,也招致了替代医学支持者的反对[21]

出版作品[编辑]

他独著与合著的书籍有:[22]

  • Consumer Health: A Guide to Intelligent Decisions, Barrett S, London WM, Kroger M, Hall H, Baretz R (2013). (textbook, 9th ed.) McGraw-Hill, ISBN 978-0078028489
  • Dubious Cancer Treatment, Barrett SJ & Cassileth BR, editors (2001). Florida Division of the American Cancer Society
  • Chemical Sensitivity: The Truth About Environmental Illness (Consumer Health Library), Barrett, SJ & Gots, Ronald E. (1998). Prometheus Books. ISBN 9781573921954
  • The Health Robbers: A Close Look at Quackery in America, Barrett SJ, Jarvis WT, eds. (1993). Prometheus Books, ISBN 0-87975-855-4
  • Health Schemes, Scams, and Frauds, Barrett SJ (1991). Consumer Reports Books, ISBN 0-89043-330-5
  • Reader's Guide to Alternative Health Methods, Zwicky JF, Hafner AW, Barrett S, Jarvis WT (1993). American Medical Association, ISBN 0-89970-525-1
  • The Vitamin Pushers: How the "Health Food" Industry Is Selling America a Bill of Goods, Barrett SJ, Herbert V (1991). Prometheus Books, ISBN 0-87975-909-7
  • Vitamins and Minerals: Help or Harm?, Marshall CW (1983). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ISBN 0-397-53060-9 (edited by Barrett, won the American Medical Writers Association award for best book of 1983 for the general public, republished by Consumer Reports Books).

相关条目[编辑]

参考[编辑]

  1. ^ Barrett, Stephen. Stephen Barrett, M.D. Curriculum Vitae. Quackwatch. December 21, 2016 [February 25, 2017]. Wife, Judith Nevyas Barrett, M.D., is a retired family practitioner. 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Rosen, Marjorie. Biography Magazine Interviews - Stephen Barrett, M.D.. Biography Magazine. October 1998 [February 25, 2017]. 
  3. ^ Barrett, Stephen. Curriculum Vitae. Quackwatch. June 24, 2007 [July 18, 2007]. 
  4. ^ Pennsylvania Department of State; Stephen Barret Medical License Status and standing. Pennsylvania Department of State; to be considered a primary resource. [November 19, 2015]. [永久失效連結]
  5. ^ Wlazelek, Ann. Allentown critic of quacks moves to 'milder winters'. The Morning Call. June 13, 2007 [September 25, 2014]. 
  6. ^ Prometheus Books Spring-Summer 2007 Trade Catalog (PDF): 63. [March 29, 2007]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于November 14, 2006). 
  7. ^ Williams, Elaine S. The JAMA 1998 Editorial Peer Review Audit. Journal of the American Medical Association. April 21, 1999 [August 12, 2007]. 
  8. ^ JAMA Peer Reviewers for 2003
  9. ^ Thanks to Reviewers-2001. Annals of Internal Medicine. December 18, 2001, 135 (12): 1098–1106 [August 12, 2007]. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-135-12-200112180-00033. 
  10. ^ 10.0 10.1 Barrett, Stephen. Stephen Barrett, M.D., Biographical Sketch. Quackwatch. June 4, 2007 [August 12, 2007]. 
  11. ^ Lundberg, GD. Introducing the Editorial Board of Medscape. MedGenMed: E28. PMID 11104430. 
  12. ^ The Scientific Review of Alternative Medicine. Quackwatch. [15 February 2015]. 
  13. ^ Sintay and Hagan. From Farrah Fawcett to Suzanne Somers: Is Alternative Medicine Safe?. Barrett participated on Good Morning America, April 7, 2009.
  14. ^ Pass the Envelope, Please...: Best Physician- Authored Site. MD Net Guide. May–June 2003 [April 3, 2009]. (原始内容存档于June 25, 2003). 
  15. ^ 15.0 15.1 Joel R. Cooper. Consumer Health Fraud...don't be a victim! Interview with Stephen Barrett, M.D.. The Medical Reporter. (原始内容存档于December 12, 2006). 
  16. ^ Ten Outstanding Skeptics of the Century. Scientifically Investigating Paranormal and Fringe Science Claims. Skeptical Inquirer. [August 12, 2007]. (原始内容存档于July 15, 2007). 
  17. ^ Jaroff, Leon. The Man Who Loves To Bust Quacks. Time. April 30, 2001 [August 16, 2007]. 
  18. ^ Baldwin, Fred D. If It Quacks Like a Duck .... MedHunters. [September 16, 2007]. (原始内容存档于February 6, 2008). 
  19. ^ Barrett, Stephen, MD. Quackwatch mission statement. Quackwatch. [August 16, 2007]. 
  20. ^ Singh S, Ernst E. The truth about chiropractic therapy. Trick or Treatment: The Undeniable Facts about Alternative Medicine. W.W. Norton. 2008: 171–72. ISBN 978-0-393-06661-6. 
  21. ^ Hufford DJ. David J Hufford, "Symposium article: Evaluating Complementary and Alternative Medicine: The Limits of Science and Scientists." J Law, Medicine & Ethics, 31 (2003): 198–212. Hufford's symposium presentation was the counterpoint for another doctor's presentation, which argued that "alternative medicine" is not medicine at all. See Lawrence J. Schneiderman, "Symposium article: The (Alternative) Medicalization of Life." J Law, Medicine & Ethics, 31 (2003): 191–198.
  22. ^ Barrett SJ. Books and book chapters. Quackwatch. [February 12, 2007]. 

外部链接[编辑]