史蒂芬·A·道格拉斯

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史蒂芬·A·道格拉斯
Stephen A. Douglas
Stephen A Douglas - headshot.jpg
美國伊利諾州參議員英语List of United States Senators from Illinois
任期
1847年3月4日-1861年6月3日
前任 James Semple英语James Semple
继任 Orville H. Browning英语Orville H. Browning
美国众议院议员
来自伊利諾州第五英语Illinois' 5th congressional district选区
任期
1843年3月4日-1847年3月3日
前任 選區成立
继任 William A. Richardson英语William Alexander Richardson
第7任伊利諾州州務卿
任期
1840年-1841年
州长 Thomas Carlin英语Thomas Carlin
前任 Alexander Pope Field英语Alexander Pope Field
继任 Lyman Trumbull英语Lyman Trumbull
个人资料
出生 Stephen Arnold Douglas
1813年4月23日
Brandon, Vermont英语Brandon, Vermont
逝世 1861年6月3日(1861-06-03)(48歲)
美國伊利諾州芝加哥
政党 民主党
配偶 Martha Martin
Adele Cutts
签名

史蒂芬·阿諾·道格拉斯(Stephen Arnold Douglas,1813年4月23日-1861年6月3日),美國佛蒙特州布蘭登人,民主黨籍政治家。道格拉斯曾任眾議員參議員,也是內布拉斯加法案的設計者,並曾在1860年代代表民主黨參選美國總統,但敗於共和黨亞伯拉罕·林肯

參見[编辑]

註釋[编辑]

參考文獻[编辑]

  • Robert W. Johannsen, ed. The Letters of Stephen A. Douglas (1961)
  • Paul M. Angle, ed., Created Equal? The Complete Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858 (1958)
  • Clinton, Anita Watkins. "Stephen Arnold Douglas - His Mississippi Experience," Journal of Mississippi History 1988 50(2): 56-88.
  • Lincoln, Abraham and Douglas, Stephen A. The Lincoln-Douglas Debates: The First Complete, Unexpurgated Text. Harold Holzer, Ed. Harpercollins, 1993.
  • Harry V. Jaffa and Robert W. Johannsen, eds. In the Name of the People: Speeches and Writings of Lincoln and Douglas in the Ohio Campaign of 1859. (1959) online version
  • Douglas, Stephen Arnold. A brief treatise upon constitutional and party questions, and the history of political parties, (1861) James Madison Cutts, ed. (1866)
  •  Chisholm, Hugh (编). Douglas, Stephen Arnold. 大英百科全書 第十一版. 劍橋大學出版社. 1911年. 

延伸閱讀[编辑]

  • Barbee, David R., and Milledge L. Bonham, Jr. "The Montgomery Address of Stephen A. Douglas," Journal of Southern History, Vol. 5, No. 4 (Nov., 1939), pp. 527–552 in JSTOR
  • Bordewich, Fergus M. America's Great Debate: Henry Clay, Stephen A. Douglas, and the Compromise That Preserved the Union (2012) excerpt and text search
  • Capers, Gerald M. Stephen A. Douglas: Defender of the Union (1959), short biography
  • Childers, Christopher. "Interpreting Popular Sovereignty: A Historiographical Essay," Civil War History Volume 57, Number 1, March 2011 pp. 48–70 in Project MUSE
  • Clinton, Anita Watkins. "Stephen Arnold Douglas - His Mississippi Experience" Journal of Mississippi History 1988 50(2): 56-88.
  • Dean; Eric T., Jr. "Stephen A. Douglas and Popular Sovereignty" Historian 1995 57(4): 733-748 online version
  • Egerton, Douglas R., Year of Meteors: Stephen Douglas, Abraham Lincoln, and the Election That Brought on the Civil War, Bloomsbury Press, 2010. more on the book
  • Eyal, Yonatan. "With His Eyes Open: Stephen A. Douglas and the Kansas-Nebraska Disaster of 1854" Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 1998 91(4): 175-217. ISSN 1522-1067
  • Glickstein, Jonathan A., American exceptionalism, American anxiety: wages, competition, and degraded labor in the Antebellum United States; University of Virginia Press, (2002)
  • Hansen, Stephen and Nygard, Paul. "Stephen A. Douglas, the Know-nothings, and the Democratic Party in Illinois, 1854-1858" Illinois Historical Journal 1994 87(2): 109-130.
  • Huston, James L. "Democracy by Scripture versus Democracy by Process: A Reflection on Stephen A. Douglas and Popular Sovereignty." Civil War History. 43#1 (1997) pp: 189+. online version
  • Huston, James L. "Stephen A. Douglas and the Dilemmas of Democratic Equality." Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2007.
  • Jaffa, Harry V. Crisis of the House Divided: An Interpretation of the Issues in the Lincoln-Douglas Debates. 1959. online version
  • Johannsen, Robert W. Stephen A. Douglas (1973), 993pp
  • Johannsen, Robert W. The Frontier, the Union, and Stephen A. Douglas U. of Illinois Press, 1989.
  • McPherson, James M. Battle Cry of Freedom. Oxford Univ. Press, 1988. Standard modern history of the war.
  • Milton, George Fort. The Eve of Conflict: Stephen A. Douglas and the Needless War (1934), older scholarly biography
  • Morris, Roy, Jr., The Long Pursuit: Abraham Lincoln's Thirty-Year Struggle with Stephen Douglas for the Heart and Soul of America, HarperCollins Publishers, 2008.
  • Morrison, Michael A.Slavery and the American west: the eclipse of manifest destiny and the coming of the American Civil War University of North Carolina Press, (1997)
  • Nevins, Allan. Ordeal of the Union especially vol 1-4 (1947–63): Fruits of Manifest Destiny, 1847-1852; A House Dividing, 1852-1857; Douglas, Buchanan, and Party Chaos, 1857-1859; Prologue to Civil War, 1859-1861.
  • Nichols, Roy F. "The Kansas-Nebraska Act: A Century of Historiography", Mississippi Valley Historical Review 43 (1956): 187-212; JSTOR
  • Peck, Graham A. "Was Stephen A. Douglas Antislavery?," Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association, Summer 2005 online
  • Quitt, Martin H. "Stephen A. Douglas and Antebellum Democracy." (2012) New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Rhodes, James Ford. History of the United States from the Compromise of 1850 (1920) vol 1-2, detailed narrative
  • Russel, Robert R. "What Was the Compromise of 1850?" Journal of Southern History 20 (1956): 292-309 in JSTOR
  • Russel, Robert R. "The Issues in the Congressional Struggle Over the Kansas-Nebraska Bill, 1854," Journal of Southern History 29 (May 1963): 187-210; in JSTOR
  • Stevenson, James A. "Lincoln vs. Douglas over the Republican Ideal" American Studies 1994 35(1): 63-89
  • Zarefsky, David. Lincoln, Douglas, and Slavery: in the Crucible of Public Debate (1990). 309 pp

外部連結[编辑]

官衔
前任:
Alexander P. Field英语Alexander P. Field
伊利諾州州務卿
1840年–1841年
继任:
Lyman Trumbull英语Lyman Trumbull
美利堅合眾國眾議院
前任:
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美國伊利諾州(第5選區)眾議員
1843年–1847年
继任:
William Alexander Richardson英语William Alexander Richardson
美利堅合眾國參議院
前任:
James Semple
美國伊利諾州(第2選區)參議員
1847年3月4日 – 1861年6月3日
同期任职:Sidney Breese, James Shields, Lyman Trumbull
继任:
Orville H. Browning
政党职务
前任:
詹姆斯·布坎南
民主党總統參選人英语List of United States Democratic Party presidential tickets¹
1860年
继任:
George McClellan
註解
1. The Democratic Party split in 1860, producing two presidential nominees. Douglas was nominated by Northern Democrats; John C. Breckinridge was nominated by Southern Democrats.

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