大犬座恒星列表

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以下是星座大犬座的主要恒星列表,按照亮度降序排列。

名字 拜耳编号 佛氏编号 古德编号 HD编号 HIP编号 赤经(RA) 赤纬(Dec) 视星等
mag.
绝对星等
mag.
距离 (光年) 光谱类型 英文名、其他名称及注释
天狼星 α 9 66 48915 32349 06h 45m 09.25s −16° 42′ 47.3″ −1.46 1.42 8.6 A0m... Alhabor, Aschere, Canicula, the Dog Star; brightest star, 5th nearest star system; 双星
弧矢七 ε 21 106 52089 33579 06h 58m 37.55s −28° 58′ 19.5″ 1.50 −4.10 431 B2II Adhara, Aoul al Adzari, Prima Virginum[1] part of Al ʽAdhārā or Al Adzari[2][3]
弧矢一 δ 25 123 54605 34444 07h 08m 23.49s −26° 23′ 35.5″ 1.83 −6.87 1791 F8Ia Wezen, Thalath al Adzari, Tertia Virginum,[1] part of Al ʽAdhārā or Al Adzari[2][3]
軍市一 β 2 20 44743 30324 06h 22m 41.99s −17° 57′ 21.3″ 1.98 −3.95 499 B1II/III Mirzam (Murzim); 仙王座β型变星
弧矢二 η 31 167 58350 35904 07h 24m 05.71s −29° 18′ 11.2″ 2.45 −7.51 3196 B5Ia Aludra, part of Al ʽAdhārā or Al Adzari;[2][3] α Cyg variable
ζ ζ 1 18 44402 30122 06h 20m 18.79s −30° 03′ 48.2″ 3.02 −2.05 336 B2.5V Furud; 分光双星
ο2 ο2 24 115 53138 33977 07h 03m 01.47s −23° 49′ 59.9″ 3.02 −6.46 2567 B3Ia Thanih al Adzari, Secunda Virginum,[1] part of Al ʽAdhārā or Al Adzari,[2][3] α Cyg variable
σ σ 22 114 52877 33856 07h 01m 43.15s −27° 56′ 05.4″ 3.49 −4.37 1216 K4III 不規則變星
κ κ 13 81 50013 32759 06h 49m 50.47s −32° 30′ 30.6″ 3.50 −3.42 789 B1.5IVne 仙后座γ变星
ο1 ο1 16 92 50877 33152 06h 54m 07.95s −24° 11′ 03.2″ 3.89 −5.02 1976 K3Iab irregular variable
ν2 ν2 7 54 47205 31592 06h 36m 41.00s −19° 15′ 20.6″ 3.95 2.46 65 K1III+... Yějī (野雞)[4], has a 行星 (b)
ω ω 28 140 56139 35037 07h 14m 48.66s −26° 46′ 21.7″ 4.01 −3.25 924 B2IV/Ve 仙后座γ变星
θ θ 14 89 50778 33160 06h 54m 11.48s −12° 02′ 18.9″ 4.08 −0.36 252 K4III
γ γ 23 116 53244 34045 07h 03m 45.49s −15° 37′ 59.7″ 4.11 −1.34 402 B8II Muliphein
ξ1 ξ1 4 44 46328 31125 06h 31m 51.37s −23° 25′ 06.4″ 4.34 −4.65 2050 B1III 仙王座β型变星
ι ι 20 98 51309 33347 06h 56m 08.23s −17° 03′ 15.3″ 4.36 −5.51 3075 B3Ib/II 仙王座β型变星
τ τ 30 151 57061 35415 07h 18m 42.49s −24° 57′ 15.8″ 4.37 −5.59 3196 O9Ib member of the NGC 2362 星团; 天琴座β型变星
ν3 ν3 8 57 47442 31700 06h 37m 53.43s −18° 14′ 14.8″ 4.42 −1.35 464 K0II/III
EW 27 139 56014 34981 07h 14m 15.22s −26° 21′ 09.1″ 4.42 −4.00 1575 B3IIIe 双星, component A 分光双星, component B 仙后座γ变星
λ λ 35 45813 30788 06h 28m 10.22s −32° 34′ 48.5″ 4.47 −1.01 406 B4V
ξ2 ξ2 5 49 46933 31416 06h 35m 03.38s −22° 57′ 53.4″ 4.54 −0.97 412 A0III
π π 19 95 51199 33302 06h 55m 37.40s −20° 08′ 11.7″ 4.66 2.33 95 F2IV/V
147 G. 147 56618 35205 07h 16m 35.00s −27° 52′ 52.6″ 4.66 −1.05 453 M2III
61 G. 61 47667 31827 06h 39m 16.72s −14° 08′ 44.7″ 4.82 −3.60 1575 K2III
EY 15 87 50707 33092 06h 53m 32.91s −20° 13′ 27.3″ 4.82 −3.65 1614 B1IV 仙王座β型变星
145 G.[5] 145 56577 35210 07h 16m 36.84s −23° 18′ 56.2″ 4.83 −6.59 6269 K4III 雙星 (天文)
UW 29 150 57060 35412 07h 18m 40.38s −24° 33′ 31.3″ 4.88 −4.93 2991 O7Ia:fp 天琴座β型变星
160 G. 160 57821 35727 07h 22m 13.53s −19° 00′ 59.7″ 4.94 −1.06 517 B5II/III
7 G. 7 43445 29735 06h 15m 44.88s −13° 43′ 06.2″ 5.00 −0.30 375 B9V
μ μ 18 96 51250 33345 06h 56m 06.65s −14° 02′ 36.4″ 5.00 −2.22 908 B9.5V
11 G. 11 43827 29895 06h 17m 41.73s −16° 48′ 57.3″ 5.15 −1.05 567 K1III
41 G. 41 46184 31084 06h 31m 23.02s −12° 23′ 30.9″ 5.16 0.05 343 K1III
FW 165 58343 35951 07h 24m 40.19s −16° 12′ 05.1″ 5.18 −2.13 945 B2Vne 仙后座γ变星; Be星
23 G. 23 44951 30457 06h 24m 10.35s −11° 31′ 48.0″ 5.21 −0.34 420 K3III
FT 10 67 48917 32292 06h 44m 28.47s −31° 04′ 13.9″ 5.23 −4.29 2608 B2V 仙后座γ变星
59 G. 59 47536 31688 06h 37m 47.54s −32° 20′ 23.6″ 5.25 −0.17 396 K1III has two planets (b & c)
11 11 75 49229 32492 06h 46m 51.09s −14° 25′ 33.6″ 5.28 −1.19 642 B8/B9III
97 G. 97 51283 33316 06h 55m 46.93s −22° 56′ 29.2″ 5.29 −3.82 2159 B2/B3III
154 G. 154 57146 35427 07h 18m 51.28s −26° 35′ 09.1″ 5.29 −2.80 1353 G2II
71 G. 71 49048 32411 06h 45m 59.40s −14° 47′ 45.9″ 5.30 −0.13 398 A1IV/V
171 G. 171 58535 35957 07h 24m 43.87s −31° 48′ 32.1″ 5.35 −0.79 552 K1III
142 G. 142 56342 35083 07h 15m 21.08s −30° 41′ 11.3″ 5.36 −1.12 646 B2V
162 G. 162 58215 35848 07h 23m 28.97s −27° 50′ 03.4″ 5.37 −0.76 549 K4III
77 G. 77 49662 32677 06h 48m 57.74s −15° 08′ 41.0″ 5.39 −0.96 607 B7IV
NO 161 58155 35795 07h 23m 00.70s −31° 55′ 25.6″ 5.40 −2.81 1430 B3V Be star
FN 119 53974 34301 07h 06m 40.77s −11° 17′ 38.5″ 5.41 −4.29 2835 B0.5IV 仙王座β型变星
163 G. 163 58286 35855 07h 23m 31.90s −32° 12′ 07.5″ 5.41 −2.34 1156 B2/B3II/III
102 G. 102 51733 33478 06h 57m 33.97s −24° 37′ 51.8″ 5.45 2.52 126 F3V
128 G. 128 55070 34624 07h 10m 19.33s −27° 29′ 29.5″ 5.46 −1.01 643 G8III
144 G. 144 56405 35180 07h 16m 14.58s −15° 35′ 08.4″ 5.46 0.82 277 A1V
FR 17 44458 30214 06h 21m 24.72s −11° 46′ 23.7″ 5.48 −3.07 1672 B1Vpe SB Be star
13 G. 13 43955 29941 06h 18m 13.73s −19° 58′ 01.2″ 5.51 −1.91 994 B2/B3V
141 G. 141 56160 35044 07h 14m 51.19s −27° 02′ 16.5″ 5.58 0.97 273 K3III
105 G. 105 52018 33575 06h 58m 35.90s −25° 24′ 51.0″ 5.59 −1.93 1042 B2V
156 G. 156 57478 35615 07h 20m 58.29s −14° 21′ 37.8″ 5.59 −0.57 556 G8/K0III
NR 176 58954 36186 07h 27m 07.99s −17° 51′ 53.5″ 5.60 0.93 280 F2V 盾牌座δ型变星
29 G. 29 45018 30436 06h 23m 55.91s −25° 34′ 39.1″ 5.61 −1.04 697 K5III
50 G. 50 46936 31362 06h 34m 35.33s −32° 42′ 58.5″ 5.62 −0.25 487 B9V
HP 74 49131 32385 06h 45m 31.19s −30° 56′ 56.4″ 5.62 −2.81 1583 B+... 仙后座γ变星
LS 113 52670 33804 07h 01m 05.95s −25° 12′ 56.3″ 5.64 −1.85 1028 B2/B3III/IV
84 G. 84 50644 33077 06h 53m 18.84s −19° 01′ 58.0″ 5.65 0.63 329 A9/F0III
177 G. 177 58978 36168 07h 26m 59.49s −23° 05′ 09.7″ 5.65 −2.54 1417 B1II
LZ 126 54912 34579 07h 09m 43.03s −25° 13′ 51.8″ 5.69 −3.06 1831 B2V 天琴座β型变星
63 G. 63 47946 31870 06h 39m 42.67s −30° 28′ 12.1″ 5.70 1.36 241 K1III
R 155 57167 35487 07h 19m 28.08s −16° 23′ 41.7″ 5.70 2.48 144 F2III/IV 大陵五型變星
ν1 CMa ν1 6 52 47138 31564 06h 36m 22.86s −18° 39′ 35.8″ 5.71 1.07 277 G8III/F3V...
47 G. 47 46547 31190 06h 32m 38.98s −32° 01′ 49.6″ 5.73 −1.32 838 B2V
IY 36 45871 30840 06h 28m 39.24s −32° 22′ 16.7″ 5.74 −1.27 823 B5IV Be星
HZ 83 50123 32810 06h 50m 23.35s −31° 42′ 21.9″ 5.74 −0.97 718 B3V
FV 122 54309 34360 07h 07m 22.59s −23° 50′ 26.6″ 5.75 −4.04 2964 B2V:nn 仙后座γ变星
34 G. 34 45765 30836 06h 28m 37.41s −17° 27′ 57.7″ 5.76 0.19 424 K0III
79 G. 79 49980 32809 06h 50m 21.77s −17° 05′ 04.4″ 5.77 −2.62 1552 K3III
132 G. 132 55589 34888 07h 13m 07.20s −11° 15′ 04.9″ 5.77 −0.77 661 K0
57 G. 15 44081 30011 06h 18m 58.98s −20° 55′ 32.2″ 5.79 −2.97 1842 B3II/III
169 G. 169 58461 35998 07h 25m 08.44s −13° 45′ 07.1″ 5.79 3.08 114 F3V
173 G. 173 58612 36024 07h 25m 25.27s −25° 13′ 04.0″ 5.79 −4.19 3228 B5III
178 G. 178 59067 36251 07h 27m 51.66s −11° 33′ 24.7″ 5.79 −1.66 1009 B8Vv comp VB
17 17 94 51055 33248 06h 55m 02.74s −20° 24′ 17.5″ 5.80 −0.54 605 A2V
130 G. 130 55344 34758 07h 11m 41.61s −20° 52′ 59.2″ 5.84 −0.04 489 A0IV/V
MZ 159 57615 35626 07h 21m 04.34s −25° 53′ 30.0″ 5.87 −0.86 723 M3III
5 G. 5 43396 29679 06h 15m 08.40s −20° 16′ 20.1″ 5.88 −1.39 929 K2III
MM 26 131 55522 34798 07h 12m 12.22s −25° 56′ 33.4″ 5.91 −0.80 718 B2IV/V long-period pulsating variable
42 G. 42 46189 31037 06h 30m 46.29s −27° 46′ 10.5″ 5.92 −1.78 1128 B3IV/V
72 G. 72 49095 32366 06h 45m 23.08s −31° 47′ 34.5″ 5.92 3.99 79 F7V
42 G. 53 47182 31599 06h 36m 46.60s −13° 19′ 15.5″ 5.95 −0.91 769 K4/K5III
9 G. 9 43544 29771 06h 16m 07.70s −16° 37′ 04.8″ 5.97 −1.07 836 B2/B3V
6 G. 6 43429 29692 06h 15m 17.71s −18° 28′ 37.2″ 5.99 1.96 208 K1III
134 G. 134 55762 34914 07h 13m 24.01s −22° 40′ 26.9″ 5.99 −0.90 780 K4III
OS 125 54764 34561 07h 09m 33.37s −16° 14′ 04.2″ 6.00 B1Ib/II α Cygni variable
HQ 158 57593 35611 07h 20m 54.92s −26° 57′ 49.9″ 6.00 −2.71 1801 B3V 大陵五型变星
58 G. 58 47561 31758 06h 38m 35.43s −16° 52′ 24.6″ 6.01 0.26 460 A0IV
146 G. 146 56578 35213 07h 16m 38.38s −23° 18′ 39.8″ 6.02 1.53 258 A5m...
14 G. 14 44021 29993 06h 18m 48.79s −15° 01′ 30.0″ 6.04 −0.73 738 M1III:
69 G. 69 49001 32368 06h 45m 23.38s −23° 27′ 45.0″ 6.04 0.15 492 K2III
172 G. 172 58585 36017 07h 25m 19.98s −21° 58′ 57.4″ 6.04 −3.90 3165 A6II
10 G. 10 43745 29843 06h 17m 03.52s −22° 42′ 52.6″ 6.05 3.04 130 F8/G0V
33 G. 33 45588 30711 06h 27m 11.48s −25° 51′ 21.5″ 6.05 3.67 97 F8/G0V
62 G. 62 47827 31859 06h 39m 36.22s −23° 41′ 44.3″ 6.05 −0.32 614 A0V
90 G. 90 50806 33094 06h 53m 33.76s −28° 32′ 19.4″ 6.05 3.99 84 G3/G5V
152 G. 152 57118 35442 07h 19m 01.92s −19° 16′ 49.1″ 6.06 F2Ia
HK 12 76 49333 32504 06h 47m 01.49s −21° 00′ 55.5″ 6.07 −0.49 668 B7II/III α 2 CVn variable
117 G. 117 53629 34142 07h 04m 47.04s −22° 01′ 53.8″ 6.09 1.07 330 K2IIICN...
121 G. 121 54173 34318 07h 06m 52.48s −24° 57′ 38.1″ 6.09 −1.28 970 K2III
133 G. 133 55568 34782 07h 12m 04.12s −30° 49′ 17.1″ 6.10 2.71 155 A8III/IV
56 G. 56 47366 31674 06h 37m 40.79s −12° 59′ 05.3″ 6.11 1.46 277 K1III:
26 G. 26 44996 30468 06h 24m 20.58s −12° 57′ 43.0″ 6.12 −2.73 1918 B4V
GY 136 5857 34924 07h 13m 36.45s −27° 21′ 22.9″ 6.12 −4.88 5175 B2II 仙王座β型变星
85 G. 85 50643 33079 06h 53m 21.85s −18° 55′ 58.5″ 6.13 0.39 458 A3III
39 G. 39 46064 31024 06h 30m 34.89s −13° 08′ 53.4″ 6.16 −1.57 1148 B2III
164 G. 164 58346 35920 07h 24m 17.24s −22° 54′ 46.0″ 6.20 −0.31 652 B8/B9V
103 G. 103 51823 33492 06h 57m 42.64s −27° 32′ 15.1″ 6.22 −1.25 1019 B2/B3V
91 G. 91 50853 33126 06h 53m 55.46s −24° 32′ 19.5″ 6.23 0.43 472 A0V
127 G. 127 54958 34617 07h 10m 09.36s −18° 41′ 08.1″ 6.23 2.74 162 F3V
168 G. 168 58439 35975 07h 24m 50.88s −19° 00′ 44.2″ 6.24 −2.45 1781 A2Ib/II
V350 65 48501 32144 06h 42m 46.08s −22° 26′ 55.8″ 6.26 2.81 159 F2V γ Doradus variable
107 G. 107 52273 33666 06h 59m 39.26s −21° 36′ 10.4″ 6.26 −1.90 1399 B2III
21 G. 21 44891 30420 06h 23m 46.14s −15° 04′ 16.5″ 6.27 −2.15 1575 K2/K3III
52619 33760 07h 00m 42.53s −28° 29′ 22.1″ 6.28 2.11 222 F3/F5V
16 G. 16 44225 30062 06h 19m 38.19s −22° 06′ 11.3″ 6.29 −0.61 784 K3III
HR 46 46407 31205 06h 32m 46.88s −11° 09′ 59.0″ 6.30 0.88 395 K0III:... 大陵五型变星
148 G. 148 56731 35241 07h 16m 57.22s −30° 53′ 49.0″ 6.30 0.46 481 A9II
25 G. 25 44956 30376 06h 23m 14.50s −31° 47′ 25.1″ 6.31 1.27 332 G8III
KM 45 46347 31086 06h 31m 24.01s −32° 52′ 06.8″ 6.31 −1.10 988 M4III
78 G. 78 49891 32744 06h 49m 44.00s −24° 04′ 33.7″ 6.31 0.04 584 A0/A1V
44394 30190 06h 21m 05.43s −11° 49′ 02.4″ 6.32 −1.70 1309 K5
32 G. 32 45420 30669 06h 26m 42.66s −14° 36′ 12.2″ 6.32 0.14 560 K0/K1III
51 G. 51 47012 31469 06h 35m 30.81s −22° 06′ 32.4″ 6.32 0.33 513 K0III
82 G. 82 50093 32827 06h 50m 36.96s −25° 46′ 42.3″ 6.32 −1.52 1203 B2III/IV
111 G. 111 52348 33703 07h 00m 08.29s −20° 09′ 30.4″ 6.32 −1.50 1194 B3V
138 G. 138 55985 34954 07h 13m 57.34s −30° 20′ 23.3″ 6.32 −1.92 1449 B2III
174 G. 174 58766 36045 07h 25m 42.99s −31° 44′ 19.4″ 6.32 −1.09 988 B2/B3III
KX 86 50648 33040 06h 53m 00.31s −26° 57′ 26.9″ 6.33 −0.70 830 M6III
IL 120 54031 34248 07h 06m 00.49s −30° 39′ 20.6″ 6.34 −0.69 830 B3V
135 G. 135 55856 34940 07h 13m 48.39s −22° 54′ 20.8″ 6.34 −2.08 1575 B2IV
143 G. 143 56341 35132 07h 15m 47.30s −23° 44′ 25.1″ 6.34 −0.89 911 A0V
V415 55 47247 31593 06h 36m 41.07s −22° 36′ 53.1″ 6.35 −0.46 751 B3V
99 G. 99 51411 33330 06h 55m 54.78s −31° 47′ 24.7″ 6.36 −1.83 1417 B3V
104 G. 104 51925 33532 06h 58m 07.56s −27° 09′ 51.8″ 6.36 −1.89 1455 B2V
V352 43162 29568 06h 13m 45.33s −23° 51′ 43.9″ 6.37 5.26 54 G5V
30 G. 30 45184 30503 06h 24m 43.99s −28° 46′ 47.3″ 6.37 4.65 72 G2V 含有1颗行星 (b)
48 G. 48 46602 31266 06h 33m 26.68s −20° 55′ 26.0″ 6.39 1.12 368 K0III+...
108 G. 108 52140 33591 06h 58m 43.70s −30° 59′ 53.0″ 6.41 −0.46 771 B3V
68 G. 68 48938 32322 06h 44m 51.96s −27° 20′ 32.6″ 6.43 4.31 87 F7V
38 G. 38 46037 30988 06h 30m 11.81s −19° 12′ 53.4″ 6.44 −1.49 1259 M0/M1III
149 G. 149 56876 35326 07h 17m 48.01s −26° 47′ 51.2″ 6.45 −0.80 921 B5Vn
60 G. 60 47579 31736 06h 38m 22.91s −23° 34′ 49.1″ 6.48 −0.07 667 A2V
118 G. 118 53975 34297 07h 06m 35.97s −12° 23′ 38.2″ 6.48 −4.42 4939 B7Iab...
44379 30141 06h 20m 35.17s −23° 38′ 16.1″ 6.49 0.03 639 K0III
HD 47186 47186 31540 06h 36m 08.79s –27° 37′ 20.3″ 7.8 4.9 123 G6V 含有2颗行星 (b & c)
HD 45364 45364 30579 06h 25m 38.48s −31° 28′ 51.4″ 8.07 5.50 106 G8V 含有2颗行星 (b & c)
HD 43197 43197 29550 06h 13m 35.66s −29° 53′ 50.2″ 8.95 5.25 179 G9IV-V 含有1颗行星 (b)
VY 58061 35793 07h 22m 58.29s −25° 46′ 03.5″ 9.75 -9.4 5000 M3Ie–4Ie 已知体积最大恒星
SN 1975A 06h 16m 26s −21° 21′ 24″ 14.16 114,000,000 S host galaxy NGC 2207
SN 1999ec 06h 16m 16.16s −21° 22′ 9.8″ 114,000,000 S host galaxy NGC 2207
SN 2003H 06h 16m 25.68s −21° 22′ 23.8″ 114,000,000 S host galaxy NGC 2207

参见[编辑]

参考[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 1.2 E.B Knobel – On a catalogue of stars in the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Consisting with ε CMa, δ CMa (Wezen), η CMa (Aludra) and ο2 CMa (Thanih al Adzari), see Star Names, R.H. Allen, p. 130
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 ε CMa as Aoul al Adzari or Prima Virginum (the first virgin), ο2 CMa as Thanih al Adzari or Secunda Virginum (the second virgin) and δ CMa as Thalath al Adzari or Tertia Virginum (the third virgin). η CMa should be Rabah al Adzari or Quarta Virginum (the fourth virgin) consistently, but it was given by the name Aludra, meaning the virgin (same meaning with Adhara (ε CMa) or Al ʽAdhārā)
  4. ^ (中文) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 16 日
  5. ^ This star is Gould's 145th of Canis Major in his Uranometria Argentina. (Gould, B. A., (2009) Uranometria Argentina, (Reprinted and updated by Pilcher, F.)存档副本. [2010-07-19]. (原始内容存档于2012-02-27). ) Kostjuk (see below) erroneously lists it as simply "145 CMa". SIMBAD follows this error in its object query result as " * 145 CMa – Star in double system".