大草原城 (加拿大)

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大草原城
城市
City of Grande Prairie
从第100大道看第100大街
从第100大道看第100大街
綽號:天鹅城(Swan City)[1]
大草原城在亞伯達省的位置
大草原城
大草原城
所在位置
坐标:55°10′N 118°48′W / 55.17°N 118.8°W / 55.17; -118.8
国家加拿大
艾伯塔省
地区北艾伯塔
人口普查分区艾伯塔省第19分区
建置 [2]
 - 村 

1914年4月30日
 -镇1919年3月15日
 - 市1958年1月1日
面积 (2011)[3]
 • 城市72.80 平方公里(28.11 平方英里)
海拔[4]650 公尺(2,130 英尺)
人口(2011)
 • 城市55,032人
 • 密度755.9人/平方公里(1,958人/平方英里)
 • 市区54,913
时区北美山地时间UTC−7
 • 夏时制北美山地夏令时间(UTC−6

大草原城(Grande Prairie),加拿大艾伯塔省西北部城市,距离埃德蒙顿西北456公里。总人口55,032(2011年),是艾伯塔省第7大城市。

气候[编辑]

大草原城气候数据(大草原城机场英语Grande Prairie Airport
WMO ID:71940;地理位置55°10′47″N 118°53′06″W / 55.17972°N 118.88500°W / 55.17972; -118.88500 (Medicine Hat Airport);海拔高度669米(2,195英尺),1981-2010年平均数据,1922年至今极端数据
月份 1月 2月 3月 4月 5月 6月 7月 8月 9月 10月 11月 12月 全年
历史最高湿热指数 14.5 11.1 15.6 28.6 30.8 33.6 40.8 36.6 34.7 27.1 17.2 12.1 40.8
历史最高温 °C(°F) 15.2
(59.4)
12.8
(55.0)
16.1
(61.0)
29.4
(84.9)
34.4
(93.9)
41.5
(106.7)
35.6
(96.1)
34.5
(94.1)
31.9
(89.4)
28.9
(84.0)
22.2
(72.0)
13.3
(55.9)
41.5
(106.7)
平均高温 °C(°F) −8.0
(17.6)
−4.8
(23.4)
0.6
(33.1)
10.1
(50.2)
16.8
(62.2)
20.5
(68.9)
22.6
(72.7)
21.7
(71.1)
16.6
(61.9)
9.4
(48.9)
−1.8
(28.8)
−6.0
(21.2)
8.1
(46.6)
日均气温 °C(°F) −13.6
(7.5)
−10.6
(12.9)
−4.9
(23.2)
4.1
(39.4)
10.2
(50.4)
14.3
(57.7)
16.2
(61.2)
15.1
(59.2)
10.2
(50.4)
3.6
(38.5)
−6.6
(20.1)
−11.3
(11.7)
2.2
(36.0)
平均低温 °C(°F) −19.0
(−2.2)
−16.4
(2.5)
−10.3
(13.5)
−2.0
(28.4)
3.6
(38.5)
8.1
(46.6)
9.8
(49.6)
8.3
(46.9)
3.8
(38.8)
−2.1
(28.2)
−11.4
(11.5)
−16.7
(1.9)
−3.7
(25.3)
历史最低温 °C(°F) −52.2
(−62.0)
−50.0
(−58.0)
−42.8
(−45.0)
−35.6
(−32.1)
−8.7
(16.3)
−3.3
(26.1)
−1.1
(30.0)
−2.8
(27.0)
−11.7
(10.9)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−40.6
(−41.1)
−47.2
(−53.0)
−52.2
(−62.0)
历史最低風寒指數 −63.0 −55.0 −53.1 −46.7 −16.1 −4.3 0.0 −3.2 −15.3 −33.9 −56.1 −56.3 −63.0
平均降水量 mm(英寸) 29.9
(1.18)
16.4
(0.65)
16.9
(0.67)
19.8
(0.78)
41.0
(1.61)
75.9
(2.99)
76.1
(3.00)
55.8
(2.20)
43.0
(1.69)
26.0
(1.02)
25.4
(1.00)
18.9
(0.74)
445.1
(17.52)
平均降雨量 mm(英寸) 2.4
(0.09)
0.8
(0.03)
1.4
(0.06)
10.4
(0.41)
38.1
(1.50)
75.9
(2.99)
76.1
(3.00)
55.7
(2.19)
41.3
(1.63)
15.4
(0.61)
4.2
(0.17)
0.7
(0.03)
322.4
(12.69)
平均降雪量 cm(英寸) 35.0
(13.8)
20.8
(8.2)
20.3
(8.0)
11.0
(4.3)
3.4
(1.3)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.0)
1.7
(0.7)
12.0
(4.7)
26.5
(10.4)
23.6
(9.3)
154.3
(60.7)
平均降水天数(≥ 0.2 mm) 11.7 8.5 9.0 7.6 10.5 13.2 13.3 11.8 11.7 10.7 11.3 9.1 128.4
平均降雨天数(≥ 0.2 mm) 1.9 0.81 1.6 4.8 10.0 13.2 13.4 11.8 11.5 7.7 2.8 0.81 80.4
平均降雪天数(≥ 0.2 cm) 10.8 8.4 8.0 3.8 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.04 0.63 4.0 9.3 8.5 54.5
月均日照時數 77.8 106.2 172.1 231.0 276.0 295.2 307.7 272.4 172.5 134.5 78.9 73.5 2,197.7
可照百分比 32.1 39.1 47.0 54.6 55.1 56.9 59.1 58.7 45.0 41.3 31.2 32.7 46.1
数据来源:Environment and Climate Change Canada[5][6][7]


人口统计[编辑]

历史人口统计
大草原城
年份人口±%
1916337—    
19211,061+214.8%
1926917−13.6%
19311,464+59.7%
19361,478+1.0%
19411,724+16.6%
19462,267+31.5%
19512,664+17.5%
19566,302+136.6%
19618,352+32.5%
196611,417+36.7%
197113,079+14.6%
197617,626+34.8%
198124,263+37.7%
198626,471+9.1%
199128,271+6.8%
199631,140+10.1%
200136,983+18.8%
200647,076+27.3%
201155,032+16.9%
201663,166+14.8%
Source: 加拿大统计局
[8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18]
[19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28]

经济[编辑]

大草原城和城北农田的鸟瞰图

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ History of Grande Prairie. City of Grande Prairie. [2012-06-09]. (原始内容存档于2012-04-28). 
  2. ^ Alberta Municipal Affairs. Municipal Profile – City of Grande Prairie. 2010-09-17 [2010-10-02]. (原始内容存档于2012-03-15). 
  3. ^ Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and population centres, 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta). Statistics Canada. 2013-01-30 [2013-03-17]. (原始内容存档于2013-02-07). 
  4. ^ Alberta Private Sewage Systems 2009 Standard of Practice Handbook: Appendix A.3 Alberta Design Data (A.3.A. Alberta Climate Design Data by Town) (PDF) (PDF). Safety Codes Council: 212–215 (PDF pages 226–229). January 2012 [October 8, 2013]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2013-10-16). 
  5. ^ Grande Prairie A. Canadian Climate Normals 1981−2010. Environment and Climate Change Canada. October 31, 2011 [May 14, 2014]. 
  6. ^ Station Results - Historical Data, Grande Prairie. Canadian Climate Data. Environment and Climate Change Canada. October 31, 2011 [June 3, 2017]. 
  7. ^ Station Results - Historical Data, Grande Prairie Airport. Canadian Climate Data. Environment and Climate Change Canada. October 31, 2011 [June 3, 2017]. 
  8. ^ Table I: Population of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta by Districts, Townships, Cities, Towns, and Incorporated Villages in 1916, 1911, 1906, and 1901. Census of Prairie Provinces, 1916. Population and Agriculture. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1918: 77–140. 
  9. ^ Table 8: Population by districts and sub-districts according to the Redistribution Act of 1914 and the amending act of 1915, compared for the census years 1921, 1911 and 1901. Census of Canada, 1921. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1922: 169–215. 
  10. ^ Table 7: Population of cities, towns and villages for the province of Alberta in census years 1901-26, as classed in 1926. Census of Prairie Provinces, 1926. Census of Alberta, 1926. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1927: 565–567. 
  11. ^ Table 12: Population of Canada by provinces, counties or census divisions and subdivisions, 1871-1931. Census of Canada, 1931. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1932: 98–102. 
  12. ^ Table 4: Population in incorporated cities, towns and villages, 1901-1936. Census of the Prairie Provinces, 1936. I: Population and Agriculture. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1938: 833–836. 
  13. ^ Table 10: Population by census subdivisions, 1871–1941. Eighth Census of Canada, 1941. II: Population by Local Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1944: 134–141. 
  14. ^ Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1926-1946. Census of the Prairie Provinces, 1946. I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1949: 401–414. 
  15. ^ Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1871–1951. Ninth Census of Canada, 1951. I: Population, General Characteristics. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1953: 6.73–6.83. 
  16. ^ Table 6: Population by sex, for census subdivisions, 1956 and 1951. Census of Canada, 1956. Population, Counties and Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1957: 6.50–6.53. 
  17. ^ Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1901–1961. 1961 Census of Canada. Series 1.1: Historical, 1901–1961. I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1963: 6.77-6.83. 
  18. ^ Population by specified age groups and sex, for census subdivisions, 1966. Census of Canada, 1966. Population, Specified Age Groups and Sex for Counties and Census Subdivisions, 1966. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1968: 6.50–6.53. 
  19. ^ 引用错误:没有为名为2011censusABmunis的参考文献提供内容
  20. ^ Table 2: Population of Census Subdivisions, 1921–1971. 1971 Census of Canada. I: Population, Census Subdivisions (Historical). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1973: 2.102-2.111. 
  21. ^ Table 3: Population for census divisions and subdivisions, 1971 and 1976. 1976 Census of Canada. Census Divisions and Subdivisions, Western Provinces and the Territories. I: Population, Geographic Distributions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1977: 3.40–3.43. 
  22. ^ Table 4: Population and Total Occupied Dwellings, for Census Divisions and Subdivisions, 1976 and 1981. 1981 Census of Canada. II: Provincial series, Population, Geographic distributions (Alberta). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1982: 4.1–4.10. ISBN 0-660-51095-2. 
  23. ^ Table 2: Census Divisions and Subdivisions – Population and Occupied Private Dwellings, 1981 and 1986. Census Canada 1986. Population and Dwelling Counts – Provinces and Territories (Alberta). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1987: 2.1–2.10. ISBN 0-660-53463-0. 
  24. ^ Table 2: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 1986 and 1991 – 100% Data. 91 Census. Population and Dwelling Counts – Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1992: 100–108. ISBN 0-660-57115-3. 
  25. ^ Table 10: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions, Census Subdivisions (Municipalities) and Designated Places, 1991 and 1996 Censuses – 100% Data. 96 Census. A National Overview – Population and Dwelling Counts. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1997: 136–146. ISBN 0-660-59283-5. 
  26. ^ Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Divisions, 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Alberta). Statistics Canada. [2012-04-01]. (原始内容存档于2013-08-21). 
  27. ^ Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Alberta). Statistics Canada. 2010-01-06 [2012-04-01]. (原始内容存档于2016-06-24). 
  28. ^ 引用错误:没有为名为2016censusABmunis的参考文献提供内容

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