希罗菲卢斯

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳到导航 跳到搜索
Herophilos (right) teaching Anatomy, 1906, by Veloso Salgado (NOVA Medical School, Lisbon)

希罗菲卢斯(希腊语Ἡρόφιλος/hɪˈrɒfɪləs/) 公元前335-280 – 公元前255,是一名希臘醫生及第一個解剖學家,出生於迦克墩用人脑做实验,开创了神经解剖学,在超过2000年前发现了神经系统,证明了神经丛脑部起源。他沿着脑部的光学神经追溯到了眼睛。 他还用钟表测量出了脉搏率,并把它用作一种诊断手段。

生平[编辑]

另见[编辑]

[编辑]

来源[编辑]

  • von Staden H. (ed. trans.) Herophilos: The Art of Medicine in Early Alexandria. Cambridge University Press, 1989 ISBN 0-521-23646-0, ISBN 978-0-521-23646-1
  • Simon Hornblower and Anthony Spawford, "Herophilos", The Oxford Classical Dictionary. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999) 699.
  • "Herophilus", Encyclopedia of World Biography, Supplement Vol. 25 Thomson Gale. (Michigan: Gale).
  • Adrian Wills, "Herophilus, Erasistratus, and the birth of neuroscience", The Lancet. (November 13, 1999): 1719 Expanded Academic ASAP. Gale, 30 Nov. 2008.
  • "On the Localization of the Functions of the Brain with Special Reference to the Faculty of Language", Anthropological Review, Vol. 6, (Oct., 1868) 336.
  • Galen. On the natural faculties. Brock A. J. (trans.) Heinemann, London 1916. p. xii, 233

延伸阅读[编辑]

  • Dean-Jones, Lesley. Women's bodies in classical Greek science Revised. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1994. ISBN 0-19-814767-8. 
  • Lloyd, G. E. R. Greek science after Aristotle. New York: Norton. 1973. ISBN 0-393-04371-1. 
  • Lloyd, G. E. R. Science, folklore and ideology : studies in the life sciences in ancient Greece. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1983. ISBN 0-521-25314-4. 
  • Longrigg, James. Superlative achievement and comparative neglect: Alexandrian medical science and modern historical research. History of science; an annual review of literature, research, and teaching. 1981, 19: 155–200. PMID 11610979. 
  • Potter, Paul. Herophilus of Chalcedon: an assessment of his place in the history of anatomy. Bulletin of the history of medicine. 1976, 50 (1): 45–60. PMID 769875. 
  • Solmsen, Friedrich. Greek Philosophy and the Discovery of the Nerves. Museum Helveticum. 1961, 18: 150–197. 
  • von Staden, Heinrich. Hairesis and Heresy. (编) Meyer, Ben F.; Sanders, E. P. Jewish and Christian Self-Definition: Self-Definition in the Graeco-Roman World. London: SCM Press. 1982.