^"Stickney". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
^Hall, Asaph, Observations and orbits of the satellites of Mars, Washington: Government Printing Office, 1878 (quoted in Hall, Angelo, An astronomer's wife, Baltimore: Nunn and Company, 1908, p. 112).
^Veverka, Joseph et al. "A Mariner 9 atlas of the moons of Mars," Icarus 23, 206-289 (1974).
^Calculating the angular size of an object with a diameter of 9km at a distance of 9250km, yields 9/9250 * 206265 = 200 arcseconds. An object needs a size of 60 arcseconds to be resolved by the naked eye.