棘鱗海蛇屬

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棘鱗海蛇屬
科學分類
界: 動物界 Animalia
門: 脊索動物門 Chordata
亞門: 脊椎動物亞門 Vertebrata
綱: 爬蟲綱 Reptilia
目: 有鱗目 Squamata
亞目: 蛇亞目 Serpentes
科: 海蛇科 Hydrophiidae
屬: 棘鱗海蛇屬 Astrotia
Fischer, 1855
種: 棘鱗海蛇 A. stokesii
Gray, 1846

棘鱗海蛇屬學名Astrotia)是蛇亞目海蛇科下的一種有毒單型,屬下只有棘鱗海蛇Astrotia stokesii)一種海蛇,主要分布於中國廣東台灣兩岸的南中國海澳洲等海域。

地理分布[编辑]

棘鱗海蛇主要分布於兩岸、印度西部沿岸、斯里蘭卡泰國灣馬來西亞越南等海岸地區,與及菲律賓群島等東南亞海域。另外亦分布於印尼新畿內亞的海岸。

參考資料[编辑]

  • Cogger,H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Dunson, William A.;Minton, Sherman A. 1978. Diversity, distribution, and Ecology of Philippine Marine Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes) Journal of Herpetology 12 (3): 281-286
  • Fischer, J.G. 1856. Die Familie der Seeschlangen. Abhandl. Nat. Ver. Hamburg 3: 1-78
  • Grandison, A. G. C. 1978. Snakes of West Malaysia and Singapore. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 81 [1977]:283-303

Gray, J. E. 1846. in: Stoke's Discov. Austral. 1: 502

  • Kharin, V. E. 2006. An Annotated Checklist of Sea Snakes of Vietnam, with Notes on a New Record of the Yellow-Lipped Sea Krait, Laticauda colubrina (Schneider, 1799)(Laticaudidae, Hydrophiidae). Russian Journal of Marine Biology 32 (4): 223–228.
  • Mao, Shou-Hsian;Chen, Been-Yuan 1975. Disteira stokesi (Gray): an addition to the sea snake fauna of Taiwan Herpetologica 31 (4): 456-458
  • Murray,J.A. 1887. Descriptions of three new species of Hydrophis from the Bombay harbour and the Mekran coast. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 2: 32-35
  • Rasmussen,A.R. 1997. Systematics of sea snakes: a critical review. In: Thorpe,R.S., Wüster,W. & Malhotra,A. (eds.) Venomous snakes - ecology, evolution and snakebite. Clarendon Press (Oxford)/Symp. zool. Soc. Lond. 70: 15-30
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wall, FRANK 1921. Ophidia Taprobanica or the Snakes of Ceylon. Colombo Mus. (H. R. Cottle, govt. printer), Colombo. xxii, 581 pages
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522

外部連結[编辑]