自证其罪

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自证其罪(self-incrimination)是指自己在遇到法律訴訟時承認自己有罪的行为[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10]。自证其罪可分為直接自证其罪或间接自证其罪,一個人如果是在审讯時承認自己有罪,則屬於直接自证其罪;而在没有他人压力的情况下自愿坦白自己犯罪行為的則屬於間接自证其罪[11]

许多國家的法律規定,不能强迫被指控的嫌疑犯自证其罪,嫌疑犯可以选择在審訊時自願向警察坦白,但警察不能因嫌犯拒绝坦白而惩罚嫌疑犯。嫌疑犯有保持沉默的权利和获得辯護律師的权利[12][13][14][15]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Black's Law Dictionary 5th. 1979: 690. 
  2. ^ The Self-Incrimination Clause Explained and Its Future Predicted. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology. 2004. (原始内容存档于2018). 
  3. ^ John H. Langbein. The Historical Origins of the Privilege Against Self-incrimination at Common Law (PDF). Michigan Law Review. 1994. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2021). 
  4. ^ Fifh Amendment First Principles: The Self-incrimination Clause. Michigan Law Review. 1995. (原始内容存档于2021). 
  5. ^ Self-incrimination. University of Pennsylvania Law Review. 1925. (原始内容存档于2021). 
  6. ^ Origins of the Privilege against Self-Incrimination: The Role of the European Ius Commune. New York University Law Review. 1990. (原始内容存档于2021). 
  7. ^ The Privilege's Last Stand: The Privilege Against Self-Incrimination and the Right to Rebel Against the State. Brooklyn Law Review. 1999. (原始内容存档于2021). 
  8. ^ David Dolinko. Is There a Rationale for the Privilege Against Self-Incrimination?. UCLA Law Review. 1985. 
  9. ^ Privilege Against Self-Incrimination. California Defender. 1994. (原始内容存档于2021). 
  10. ^ The Privilege Against Compelled Self-incrimination. William Mitchell Law Review. 1990. (原始内容存档于2021). 
  11. ^ 1947-, Siegel, Larry J. Essentials of criminal justice. Worrall, John L. Tenth. Australia. 2017. ISBN 978-1305633766. OCLC 960166637. 
  12. ^ Aftergood, Steven. The Right to Remain Silent Around the World. Federation of American Scientists. 
  13. ^ The Talmudic Rule Against Self-Incrimination and the American Exclusionary Rule: A Societal Prohibition Versus an Affirmative Individual Right. Touro Law Center. 2001. (原始内容存档于2021). 
  14. ^ Witness Privilege against Self-Incrimination in the Civil Law. Villanova Law Review. 1960. (原始内容存档于2021). 
  15. ^ A Comparative Discussion of the Privilege Against Self-incrimination. NYLS Journal of International and Comparative Law. 1993. (原始内容存档于2021).