艾哈迈德·阿伯里枪击案

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳到导航 跳到搜索
艾哈迈德·阿伯里枪击案
位置 美國喬治亞州格林縣
坐标31°07′27″N 81°33′22″W / 31.12417°N 81.55611°W / 31.12417; -81.55611坐标31°07′27″N 81°33′22″W / 31.12417°N 81.55611°W / 31.12417; -81.55611
日期2020年2月23日 (2020-02-23)
1:15 p.m.
類型槍擊、謀殺
受害者艾哈迈德·阿伯里
主謀
  • Travis McMichael
  • Gregory McMichael
  • William "Roddie" Bryan

2020年2月23日,25岁的黑人男子艾哈迈德·马尔克斯·阿伯里(Ahmaud Marquez Arbery)在美国佐治亚州格林縣布朗斯维克附近的萨蒂拉海岸(Satilla Shores)被杀害 [1][2][3]


事件經過[编辑]

2020年2月23日,阿伯里當時被三名白人追赶,特拉维斯·麦克米克(Travis McMichael )和他的父亲格雷戈里(Gregory)坐在車內並舉起武器朝艾哈迈德·阿伯里射擊,威廉·"罗迪"·布莱恩(William "Roddie" Bryan)則在另一辆车上,他用手机记录了特拉维斯·麦克米克父子追赶和射击的过程 [1][2]。後來特拉维斯下车并當著阿伯里的面挥舞猎枪,結果兩人发生了肢体冲突,期间特拉维斯把阿贝里给毙了[1]。三位白人追趕艾哈迈德·阿伯里的起因是格雷戈里一開始看到阿贝里在格雷戈里家附近跑步。他怀疑阿贝里是不是在附近偷窃 [4][5],並立即追击阿贝里[6],但警方後來調查時没有發現阿贝里的犯罪证据 [7][8]。威廉·"罗迪"·布莱恩看到特拉维斯·麦克米克父子追逐阿伯里後,也加入了他們的行列,但其實威廉·"罗迪"·布莱恩並不知道阿贝里到底幹了何種壞事 [9][10][11][12]

逮捕[编辑]

格林县警察局英语Glynn County Police Department(GCPD)表示,布伦瑞克地区检察官办公室曾在2月23日建议警察不要逮捕三位白人[13][14],但布伦瑞克地区检察官办公室则否认给出過这样的建议。韋克羅斯地区检察官乔治·巴恩希尔(George Barnhill)同樣曾經两次建议格林县警察局不要逮捕白人嫌犯,一次是在2月24日,這是在他2月27日參與此案之前[15][16] ,第二次是在4月2日,同时宣布他打算因他儿子和格雷戈里·麦克米克之间的联系而回避此案[16][17][18]。巴恩希尔于4月7日要求回避此案,该案于4月13日被移送至大西洋地区检察官办公室[16]。在格雷戈里·麦克米克的要求下[19],一位当地律师向当地电台WGIG英语WGIG提供了一個枪击影片,该电台于5月5日将視頻发布到他们的网站[20]。该视频在YouTubeTwitter上发布后[21][22],引發了病毒式传播[23]。几小时内,大西洋地区检察官汤姆·德登(Tom Durden)表示,大陪审团英语Grand jury将决定是否提出指控,并接受了州长布赖恩·肯普英语Brian Kemp的提议,让乔治亚州调查局英语Georgia Bureau of Investigation(GBI)调查此案 [24][21]

乔治亚州调查局分别于5月7日和5月21日逮捕了麦克米克父子和布莱恩,指控他们犯有重罪谋杀英语Felony murder rule和其他罪行 [25][26][27]。该案件最终被移交给科布縣地区检察官办公室[28]检察官提出了更多的证据来支持谋杀指控,包括威廉·"罗迪"·布莱恩向乔治亚州调查局提供的一份声明,內容是格雷戈里·麦克米克在阿伯里奄奄一息时说了句“fucking nigger”(该死的黑鬼)[29]。6月24日,大陪审团对这三人分别以恶意谋杀英语Malice murder、重罪谋杀(四项罪名)、故意伤害(两项罪名)、非法监禁和企图非法拘禁的罪名提出起诉[30]

審判[编辑]

当地政府对此案的处理,即麦克米克父子在案发74天后才被逮捕,在相關影片传开后,引发了美國全国范围内的批评和关于美国种族歧視的討論。众多宗教领袖、政治家、运动员和其他名人谴责了这一事件 [31][32][33]佐治亚州总检察长英语Attorney General of Georgia克里斯托弗·M·卡尔英语Christopher M. Carr于2020年5月10日正式要求联邦调查局介入此案,該請求于次日获准 [34][35][36] 。2021年4月,所有三人都被起诉,联邦政府指控他们各犯有一项干涉权利罪(仇恨罪)和一项绑架未遂罪,而麦克米克父子还被指控在暴力犯罪中使用枪支[37]

所有三名被告于2021年11月24日在布伦瑞克的格林县法院被判犯有重罪谋杀罪,以及其他指控,包括严重伤害罪、非法监禁和企图犯下重罪 [38][39]。特拉维斯·麦克米克被认定犯有最严重的恶意谋杀罪[40]。所有被定罪的三人都有可能被判終身監禁[41][41]。2022年1月7日,美國佐治亚州格林郡高等法院判處射殺非裔男子艾哈邁德·阿伯里的3名白人無期徒刑[42]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Fausset, Richard. What We Know About the Shooting Death of Ahmaud Arbery. 纽约时报. 2021-11-09 [2021-11-22]. (原始内容存档于2021-11-22). 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Mckay, Rich. Factbox: Why a viral video is key evidence in trial of men accused of killing Ahmaud Arbery. 路透社. 2021-10-27 [2021-11-22]. (原始内容存档于2021-11-22). 
  3. ^ Bynum, Russ. 3 men charged in Ahmaud Arbery's death convicted of murder. 美联社. 2021-11-25 [2021-11-25]. (原始内容存档于2021-11-25). 
  4. ^ Abusaid, Shaddi; Burns, Asia Simone. Officer: Greg McMichael was 'amped up' after Arbery was fatally shot. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. 2021-11-09 [2021-11-09]. (原始内容存档于2021-11-09). 
  5. ^ Mason, Hayley. Prosecution focuses on Greg McMichael as ring leader on day three of Arbery murder trial. CBS46英语CBS46. 2021-11-10 [2021-11-12]. (原始内容存档于2021-11-12). 
  6. ^ Sayers, Devon; Kirkland, Pamela. Detective testifies that Gregory McMichael told him he did not see Ahmaud Arbery commit a crime. 有线电视新闻网. 2021-11-10 [2021-11-22]. (原始内容存档于2021-11-22). 
  7. ^ Mzezewa, Tariro. Arbery Updates: Defense Lawyer Invokes Citizen's Arrest Law. 纽约时报. 2021-11-19 [2021-11-22]. (原始内容存档于2021-11-22). 
  8. ^ Allen, Jonathan. Prosecution to begin closing argument in Georgia trial over killing of Ahmaud Arbery. 路透社. 2021-11-22 [2021-11-22]. (原始内容存档于2021-11-22). 
  9. ^ Sayers, Devon; Kirkland, Pamela. Prosecutors play 911 calls Travis McMichael made weeks before Arbery's killing. 有线电视新闻网. 2021-11-13 [2021-11-14]. (原始内容存档于2021-11-14). 
  10. ^ Abusaid, Shaddi; Burns, Asia Simone; Rankin, Bill. Ahmaud Arbery case: Police officer was seconds away when fatal shooting happened. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. 2021-11-08 [2021-11-09]. (原始内容存档于2021-11-09). 
  11. ^ Bynum, Russ. Videos of Ahmaud Arbery roaming vacant home shown to jury. 美联社. 2021-11-12 [2021-11-15]. (原始内容存档于2021-11-15). 
  12. ^ Raymond, Jonathan. 'I think they might be trying to steal' – Homeowner's 911 call on white couple in Ahmaud Arbery death trial. 11Alive英语11Alive. 2021-11-11 [2021-11-15]. 
  13. ^ Wiley, Kelly; Parker, Marilyn. District attorney advised not to make arrests on day of Ahmaud Arbery shooting, Glynn spokesperson says. WJXT. 2020-05-09 [2021-05-18]. (原始内容存档于2021-05-17). 
  14. ^ Wootson, Cleve Jr.; Itkowitz, Colby. New video said to show moments leading up to Georgia jogger Ahmaud Arbery's death. 华盛顿邮报. 2020-05-10 [2020-05-10]. (原始内容存档于2020-05-10). 
  15. ^ King, Michael. First two DAs in Arbery case forced to recuse themselves before 3rd DA moved forward. 11 Alive英语11 Alive. 2020-05-08 [2020-05-11]. (原始内容存档于2021-02-10). 
  16. ^ 16.0 16.1 16.2 Mayes, Aisha. Attorney General Carr asks Department of Justice to investigate handling of Arbery case. WGXA英语WGXA. 2020-05-11 [2020-05-11]. (原始内容存档于2021-02-10). 
  17. ^ Glawe, Justin. 'It's Murder': This Shooting of an Unarmed Black Man Is Roiling Georgia. 每日野獸. 2020-05-06 [2020-05-07]. (原始内容存档于2020-05-07). 
  18. ^ Haney, Adrianne. Recused District Attorney found 'insufficient probable cause' for immediate arrests in Ahmaud Arbery case. KHOU 11英语KHOU 11. 2020-05-08 [2020-05-11]. (原始内容存档于2021-02-10). 
  19. ^ Winne, WSBTV com News Staff, Mark. Man charged in Ahmaud Arbery murder leaked original video of the shooting. WSBTV. [2020-05-16]. (原始内容存档于2021-02-10). 
  20. ^ Video of Arbery Shooting – Warning: Graphic, Disturbing Content. WGIG英语WGIG. 2020-05-05 [2020-05-07]. (原始内容存档于2020-05-05). 
  21. ^ 21.0 21.1 Boone, Christian; Roughton, Bert. GBI to launch state investigation into Brunswick shooting. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution英语The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. 2020-05-05 [2020-05-06]. (原始内容存档于2020-05-07). 
  22. ^ Balk, Tim. Georgia prosecutor calls for grand jury review of fatal shooting of black 25-year-old. 紐約每日新聞. 2020-05-05 [2020-05-14]. (原始内容存档于2021-02-10). 
  23. ^ Collins, Sean. The killing of Ahmaud Arbery, an unarmed black jogger in Georgia, explained. Vox. 2020-05-06 [2020-05-07]. (原始内容存档于2020-05-07). 
  24. ^ Booker, Brakkton. More Arrests Possible In The Killing Of Ahmaud Arbery, Georgia Investigators Say. 全国公共广播电台. 2020-05-08 [2020-05-11]. (原始内容存档于2020-05-10). 
  25. ^ Winsor, Morgan. Father and son charged with murder of unarmed black man Ahmaud Arbery in Georgia. ABC新聞. 2020-05-07. (原始内容存档于2020-05-08). 
  26. ^ Tim Stelloh, Man who recorded Ahmaud Arbery's shooting death on video arrested, charged with murder 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2021-02-10., NBC News (May 21, 2020).
  27. ^ Bynum, Russ. Man who filmed Arbery shooting video charged in his slaying. 美联社. 2020-05-21 [2020-08-07]. (原始内容存档于2020-05-31). 
  28. ^ Brice-Saddler, Michael; Wootson, Cleve R., Jr. Georgia attorney general assigns fourth prosecutor in killing of Ahmaud Arbery. 华盛顿邮报. 2020-05-11 [2020-05-12]. (原始内容存档于2021-02-10). 
  29. ^ Prosecutors describe use of racist slur as Ahmaud Arbery lay dying 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2021-02-10.. Russ Bynum, Associated Press, June 4, 2020
  30. ^ Richard Fausset, Suspects in Ahmaud Arbery's Killing Are Indicted on Murder Charges 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2021-02-10., The New York Times (June 24, 2020).
  31. ^ Ellis, Nicquel Terry. Why it took more than 2 months for murder charges and arrests in the death of Ahmaud Arbery. 今日美國. 2020-05-07 [2020-05-13]. (原始内容存档于2020-05-09). The original decision not to arrest the McMichaels or Bryan, and the more than two months that passed before charges were filed, fueled outcry across the nation with attorneys for Arbery's family saying he was racially profiled. 
  32. ^ Wootson, Cleve R., Jr; Brice-Saddler, Michael. It took 74 days for suspects to be charged in the death of a black jogger. Many people are asking why it took so long.. 华盛顿邮报. 2020-05-09 [2020-05-09]. (原始内容存档于2020-05-09). 
  33. ^ Klett, Leah MarieAnn. Pastors, evangelical leaders condemn Ahmaud Arbery killing, issue call for justice. The Christian Post英语The Christian Post. 2020-05-07: 2 [2020-05-07]. (原始内容存档于2020-05-08). 
  34. ^ Georgia attorney general requests federal investigation into Ahmaud Arbery killing. CBC News英语CBC News. 美联社. 2020-05-10 [2020-05-13]. (原始内容存档于2021-02-10). 
  35. ^ Wiley, Kelly; Patrick, Steve; Bynum, Russ. Outrage over delayed arrest in Glynn County slaying. News4Jax英语News4Jax. 美联社. 2020-05-08 [2020-05-11]. (原始内容存档于2021-02-10). 
  36. ^ Gazaway, Wright. Ahmaud Arbery shooting investigation is latest source of criticism for Glynn County PD. WTOC-TV英语WTOC-TV. 2020-05-06 [2020-05-08]. (原始内容存档于2020-05-10). 
  37. ^ Three Georgia Men Charged with Federal Hate Crimes and Attempted Kidnapping in Connection with the Death of Ahmaud Arbery. www.justice.gov. 2021-04-28 [2021-04-28]. (原始内容存档于2021-04-28). 
  38. ^ All Three White Defendants Convicted of Murder in Fatal Shooting of Black Jogger Ahmaud Arbery – November 24, 2021. Daily News Brief. 2021-11-24 [2021-11-24] (美国英语). 
  39. ^ Trio found guilty of Ahmaud Arbery's murder. Georgia Public Broadcasting英语Georgia Public Broadcasting. 2021-11-24 [2021-11-24]. 
  40. ^ Ortiz, Erik. Why only one defendant in Ahmaud Arbery killing was guilty of malice murder. NBC新聞. 2021-11-24 [2021-11-24]. 
  41. ^ 41.0 41.1 Bynum, Russ. 3 men charged in Ahmaud Arbery’s death convicted of murder. 美联社. 2021-11-24 [2021-11-24]. 
  42. ^ 國際 | 重點新聞 | 中央社 CNA. www.cna.com.tw. [2022-01-08] (中文(臺灣)).