Template:Citation

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳转至: 导航搜索
Documentation icon 模板文档[查看] [编辑] [页面历史] [清除]


Citation模板是一個多功能模板,可用於引用書籍、期刊、收集工作、專利或網站。此模板的設立目的,是要成為一個可供所有引用用途的模板,其格式為哈佛引用法。

引用書籍

參數(皆為可選)

{{Citation
 | last =
 | first =
 | author-link =
 | last2 =
 | first2 =
 | author2-link =
 | date =
 | year =
 | title =
 | edition =
 | volume =
 | place =
 | publisher =
 | id =
 | isbn =
 | doi =
 | oclc =
 | url =
 | accessdate =
}}
  • last(或last1):第一位作者的姓。
  • first(或first1):第一位作者的名。
  • author-link(或author1-link):第一位作者在維基百科中的條目標題(如適用)。
  • last2last3last4:第二、第三和第四位作者的姓(如適用)。
  • first2first3first4:第二、第三和第四位作者的名(如適用)。
  • author2-linkauthor3-linkauthor4-link:第二、第三和第四位作者在維基百科上的條目標題(如適用)。
  • date:出版日期。
  • year:出版年份。
  • title:書名。
  • edition:版次(如果書本不是第1版的話)。例如:edition=2nd(第二版)。
  • volume:多期次書本中的期號。
  • place(或location):出版城市。如果在標題頁出現多個城市,選擇第1個城市或出版商的總部所在地。如果該城市不為人所知,必須加上縣、地區或州名。美國州份以2字母縮寫列出,例如:Place=Paris, TX(後面不加句號)。如果出版社在大學,或是該城市是屬於大學城的一部份,不要使用該參數。
  • publisher:出版社名稱。英文字眼如PublishersCo.Inc.Ltd.等應省略,但保留BooksPress
  • id:識別碼。(當其他專有識別號碼,如國際標準書號不適用時使用。)
  • isbn: 國際標準書號(ISBN),如ISBN 1-111-22222-9
  • doi: 數位物件識別號(DOI),如10.1016/j.coi.2004.08.001
  • oclc: OCLC號碼,如3185581
  • url: 書本的網址
  • accessdate:網頁瀏覽日期。

例子

僅一位作者
{{ Citation
 | last=Turner
 | first=O.
 | title=History of the Pioneer
Settlement of Phelps and Gorham's
Purchase, and Morris' Reserve
 | publisher=William Alling
 | place=Rochester, New York
 | year=1851
 | url = http://olivercowdery.com/
texts/1851Trn1.htm#turn1851
 }}.
}-, History of the Pioneer Settlement of Phelps and Gorham's Purchase, and Morris' Reserve, Rochester, New York: William Alling. 1851 .
三位作者、一冊書和一位校對者
{{ Citation
 | last1=Lincoln
 | first1=A.
 | last2=Washington
 | first2=G.
 | last3=Adams
 | first3=J.
 | title=All the Presidents' Names
 | publisher=The Pentagon
 | place=Home Base, New York
 | volume=XII
 | edition=2nd
 | year=2007
}}.
}-, All the Presidents' Names, XII. 2nd, Home Base, New York: The Pentagon. 2007 .

引用自期刊、報紙、雜誌或其他刊物

參數

{{Citation
 | last=
 | first=
 | author-link=
 | year=
 | title=
 | periodical=
 | volume=
 | issue=
 | pages=
 | url=
 | doi=
 | oclc=
}}.
  • last(或 last1):第一位作者的姓。
  • first(或 first1):第一位作者的名。
  • author-link (or author1-link): 第一位作者在維基百科中的條目標題(如適用)。
  • last2, last3, last4: 第二、第三和第四位作者的姓(如適用)。
  • first2, first3, first4: 第二、第三和第四位作者的名(如適用)。
  • author2-link, author3-link, author4-link: 第二、第三和第四位作者在維基百科上的條目標題(如適用)。
  • date: 出版日期。
  • year: 出版年份。
  • title: 標題。
  • periodical: 期刊、報章或雜誌的名稱。
  • volume: 刊物冊數。
  • issue (or number): 刊物發行期數。
  • pages: 文章頁數(如適用)。
  • url: 文章的網址
  • doi: 數位物件識別號(DOI),如10.1016/j.coi.2004.08.001
  • oclc: OCLC號碼,如3185581
  • accessdate: 網頁瀏覽日期。

例子

Journal article
{{Citation
 | last=Hill
 | first=Marvin S.
 | title=Joseph Smith and the 1826
Trial: New Evidence and New
Difficulties
 | journal=BYU Studies
 | volume=12
 | issue=2
 | year=1976
 | pages=1–8
 | url=https://byustudies.byu.edu/
shop/PDFSRC/12.2Hill.pdf
 }}.
}-, Joseph Smith and the 1826 Trial: New Evidence and New Difficulties, BYU Studies. 1976, 12 (2): 1–8 .
Newspaper article
{{Citation
 | last=Smith
 | first=Joseph III
 | author-link=Joseph Smith III
 | title=Last Testimony of Sister Emma
 | newspaper=The Saints' Herald
 | volume=26
 | issue=19
 | date=[[October 1]], [[1879]]
 | year=1879
 | month=October
 | page=289
 | url=http://www.sidneyrigdon.com/
dbroadhu/IL/sain1872.htm#100179
 }}.
Smith, Joseph III, Last Testimony of Sister Emma, The Saints' Herald. October 1, 1879, 26 (19): 289 .

引用編輯書或部分編輯書,包括百科全書或百科全書條目

參數

{{Citation
 | last=
 | first=
 | author-link=
 | last2=
 | first2=
 | author2-link
 | year=
 | date=
 | publication-date=
 | contribution=
 | contribution-url=
 | editor-last=
 | editor-first=
 | editor-link=
 | editor2-last=
 | editor2-first=
 | editor2-link=
 | title=
 | edition=
 | place=
 | publication-place=
 | publisher=
 | volume=
 | pages=
 | id=
 | doi=
 | oclc=
 | url=
}}.
  • last (or last1): The first author's surname or last name.
  • first (or first1): The first author's first or given name(s).
  • author-link (or author1-link): Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the first author.
  • last2, last3, last4: The second, third, and fourth authors' surname or last name, if applicable.
  • first2, first3, first4: The second, third, and fourth authors' first or given name(s), if applicable.
  • author2-link, author3-link, author4-link: Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the second, third, and fourth author, if applicable.
  • year: Year of authorship or publication. (Mandatory for use with links from Template:Harvard citation. In some situations, the template may be able to derive a year from the full date.)
  • date: Date of authorship or publication.
  • publication-date: Date of publication (if different than date).
  • contribution (or chapter): Title of the contribution or chapter.
  • contribution-url (or chapter-url): URL of the contribution or chapter.
  • editor-last (or editor1-last): The first editor's surname or last name.
  • editor-first (or editor2-first): The first editor's first or given name(s).
  • editor-link (or editor1-link): Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the first editor.
  • editor2-last, editor3-last, editor4-last: The second, third, and fourth editor' surname or last name, if applicable.
  • editor2-first, editor3-first, editor4-first: The second, third, and fourth editors' first or given name(s), if applicable.
  • editor2-link, editor3-link, editor4-link: Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the second, third, and fourth editor, if applicable.
  • title: Title of the book or compilation.
  • edition: Number or name of the edition, if not the first; for example: edition=2nd.
  • volume: The volume number of a multi-volume book or compilation.
  • place (or location): The place where the article, encyclopedia entry, or other included item was created. Usually, this is collective work's city of publication; if not, then use the separate publication-place parameter. If more than one town/city is listed on the title page, give the first one or the location of the publisher's head office. If the city is not well-known, you may add a county, region, or state. States in the U.S. are denoted by a two-letter code; for example: place=Paris, TX (no period at the end). Where the publisher is a university and the place or location is included in the name of the university, do not use this parameter.
  • publication-place. The place where the collective work was published (if different from place or location).
  • publisher: The name of the publisher. Omit terms such as Publishers, Co., Inc., Ltd., etc., but retain the words Books or Press.
  • id: Identifier such as ISBN 1-111-22222-9
  • isbn: Use this parameter if the book or compilation has an ISBN.
  • doi: A digital object identifier such as 10.1016/j.coi.2004.08.001.
  • oclc: Online Computer Library Center ID number, such as 3185581
  • url: An url of an online location where the book or compilationcan be found.
  • accessdate: Date when the url was accessed.

例子

Manuscript published in an edited compilation
{{Citation
 | last=Bidamon
 | first=Emma Smith
 | author-link=Emma Hale Smith
 | chapter=Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim
 | date=[[March 27]] [[1876]]
 | year=1876
 | editor-surname=Vogel
 | editor-first=Dan
 | title=Early Mormon Documents
 | volume=1
 | publisher=Signature Books
 | publication-date=1996
 | isbn=1-56085-072-8
 }}.
Bidamon, Emma Smith, Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim//Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, 1, Signature Books. March 27 1876, 1996, ISBN 1-56085-072-8 .
Work with an editor but no author
{{Citation
 | editor-surname=Vogel
 | editor-first=Dan
 | title=Early Mormon Documents
 | volume=1
 | publisher=Signature Books
 | publication-date=1996
 | isbn=1-56085-072-8
 }}.
}-, Early Mormon Documents, 1, Signature Books. 1996, ISBN 1-56085-072-8 .
Encyclopedia article by a named author
{{Citation
  | last = Kramer
  | first = Martin
  | author-link = Martin Kramer
  | contribution = Bernard Lewis
  | editor-last = Boyd
  | editor-first = Kelley
  | title = Encyclopedia of Historians
and Historical Writing
  | volume = 1
  | pages = 719–720
  | publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
  | place = London
  | publication-date = 1999
  | contribution-url = http://
www.geocities.com/martinkramerorg/
BernardLewis.htm
}}.
Kramer, Martin, Bernard Lewis//Boyd, Kelley, Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing, 1, London: Fitzroy Dearborn. 1999:  719–720 .
Encyclopedia article with no named author
{{Citation
  | contribution = Bernard Lewis
  | editor-last = Boyd
  | editor-first = Kelley
  | title = Encyclopedia of Historians
and Historical Writing
  | volume = 1
  | pages = 719–720
  | publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
  | place = London
  | year = 1999
  | contribution-url = http://
www.geocities.com/martinkramerorg/
BernardLewis.htm
}}.
, Bernard Lewis}-, Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing, 1, London: Fitzroy Dearborn. 1999:  719–720 .

Citing contributions, republications, or edited quotations in a periodical article

Parameters

{{Citation
 | last=
 | first=
 | author-link=
 | last2=
 | first2=
 | author2-link
 | year=
 | date=
 | publication-date=
 | contribution=
 | contribution-url=
 | editor-last=
 | editor-first=
 | editor-link=
 | editor2-last=
 | editor2-first=
 | editor2-link=
 | title=
 | periodical=
 | volume=
 | issue=
 | pages=
 | place=
 | publication-place=
 | publisher=
 | id=
 | doi=
 | oclc=
 | url=
}}.
  • last (or last1): The first author's surname or last name.
  • first (or first1): The first author's first or given name(s).
  • author-link (or author1-link): Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the first author.
  • last2, last3, last4: The second, third, and fourth authors' surname or last name, if applicable.
  • first2, first3, first4: The second, third, and fourth authors' first or given name(s), if applicable.
  • author2-link, author3-link, author4-link: Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the second, third, and fourth author, if applicable.
  • year: Year of authorship or publication. (Mandatory for use with links from Template:Harvard citation. In some situations, the template may be able to derive a year from the full date.)
  • date: Date of authorship or publication.
  • publication-date: Date of publication (if different than date).
  • contribution (or chapter): Title of the contribution or chapter.
  • contribution-url (or chapter-url): URL of the contribution or chapter.
  • editor-last (or editor1-last): The first editor's surname or last name.
  • editor-first (or editor2-first): The first editor's first or given name(s).
  • editor-link (or editor1-link): Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the first editor.
  • editor2-last, editor3-last, editor4-last: The second, third, and fourth editor' surname or last name, if applicable.
  • editor2-first, editor3-first, editor4-first: The second, third, and fourth editors' first or given name(s), if applicable.
  • editor2-link, editor3-link, editor4-link: Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the second, third, and fourth editor, if applicable.
  • title: Title of the book or compilation.
  • periodical (or journal, newspaper, magazine): Name of the periodical.
  • volume: The volume number of the journal.
  • issue (or number): The issue number of the journal.
  • pages (optional): The pages in the issue where the article may be found.
  • place (or location): The place where the article, encyclopedia entry, or other included item was created. Usually, this is collective work's city of publication; if not, then use the separate publication-place parameter. If more than one town/city is listed on the title page, give the first one or the location of the publisher's head office. If the city is not well-known, you may add a county, region, or state. States in the U.S. are denoted by a two-letter code; for example: place=Paris, TX (no period at the end). Where the publisher is a university and the place or location is included in the name of the university, do not use this parameter.
  • publication-place. The place where the collective work was published (if different from place or location).
  • id: Identifier such as ISBN 1-111-22222-9
  • doi: A digital object identifier such as 10.1016/j.coi.2004.08.001.
  • oclc: Online Computer Library Center ID number, such as 3185581
  • url: An url of an online location where the book or compilation can be found.
  • accessdate: Date when the url was accessed.

Examples

Manuscript edited and published in a journal
{{Citation
 | last=Knight
 | first=Joseph, Sr.
 | year=1833
 | editor-last=Jessee
 | editor-first=Dean
 | title=Joseph Knight's Recollection
of Early Mormon History
 | journal=BYU Studies
 | volume=17
 | issue=1
 | publication-date=1976
 | pages=35
 | url=https://byustudies.byu.edu/
shop/PDFSRC/17.1Jessee.pdf
 }}.
}-Jessee, Dean, ., Joseph Knight's Recollection of Early Mormon History, BYU Studies. 1833, 17 (1), 1976: 35 .
Manuscript written at one date and place, then published in a periodical at a different date and place with commentary by the editor.
{{Citation
 | last=Klingensmith
 | first=Philip
 | contribution=Affidavit
 | year=1872
 | date=[[September 5]] [[1872]]
 | place=Lincoln County, Nevada
 | title=Mountain Meadows Massacre
 | editor-last=Toohy
 | editor-first=Dennis J.
 | journal=Corinne Daily Reporter
 | publication-date=
[[September 24]] [[1872]]
 | publication-place=Corinne, Utah
 | volume=5
 | issue=252
 | pages=1
 | contribution-url=http://
udn.lib.utah.edu/u?/corinne,5359
 }}.
, Affidavit}-, 寫於Lincoln County, Nevada//Toohy, Dennis J., Mountain Meadows Massacre, Corinne Daily Reporter. Corinne, Utah. September 5 1872, 5 (252), September 24 1872: 1 .

Tools

See Wikipedia:列明来源#工具 for a list of tools which can help create a reference in the 'citation' format.