漆酚

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漆酚
Urushiol.svg
R = (CH2)14CH3
R = (CH2)7CH=CH(CH2)5CH3
R = (CH2)7CH=CHCH2CH=CH(CH2)2CH3
R = (CH2)7CH=CHCH2CH=CHCH=CHCH3
R = (CH2)7CH=CHCH2CH=CHCH2CH=CH2

漆酚是一种漆树科植物树脂(特别是漆树属漆树所产的生漆)中所含的有机化合物[1][2][3][4][5]。对大部分人类来说,漆酚都是一种过敏原,会造成皮肤起泡及过敏性皮炎等强烈过敏反应[6]

特征[编辑]

它是一种棕黄色液体,比重0.968,沸点200 °C(392 °F),溶于乙醇乙醚二甲苯等有机溶剂[7]

漆酚是由许多种有机化合物混合而成的,主要成分是长链邻苯二酚,此外还包括少量的长链间苯二酚和长链单酚[8]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Cruse, Julius M.; Lewis, Robert E. Atlas of Immunology, Second Edition. CRC Press. 2003: 375. ISBN 978-1-4200-3994-8. 
  2. ^ Can Reaction to Poison Ivy Cause Mango Allergy?. American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. [2014-06-02]. 
  3. ^ Urushiol: Human Health Effects. NIH. [2014-06-02]. 
  4. ^ Rietschel, Robert L.; Fowler, Joseph F.; Fisher, Alexander A. Fisher's Contact Dermatitis. PMPH-USA. 2008: 407. ISBN 978-1-55009-378-0. 
  5. ^ Appleby, Maia. Mango & Skin Rashes. Livestrong. Aug 2013 [2014-06-02]. 
  6. ^ Tilton, Buck. Wilderness First Responder: How to Recognize, Treat, and Prevent Emergencies in the Backcountry. Globe Pequot. 2004. ISBN 0-7627-2801-9. 
  7. ^ Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary 14th. John Wiley & Sons. 2002. 
  8. ^ Hogan, C. Michael. Stromberg, Nicklas, 编. Western poison-oak: Toxicodendron diversilobum. GlobalTwitcher. 2008 [2009-07-21]. (原始内容存档于2009-07-21). 

外部连接[编辑]