番紅花

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番紅花
如何讀生物分類框
Crocus sativus2.jpg
科學分類 編輯
界: 植物界 Plantae
演化支 被子植物 Angiosperms
演化支 單子葉植物 Monocots
目: 天門冬目 Asparagales
科: 鳶尾科 Iridaceae
屬: 番紅花屬 Crocus
種: 番紅花 C. sativus
二名法
Crocus sativus
L.
異名[1]
  • Crocus autumnalis Sm. nom. illeg.
  • Crocus officinalis (L.) Honck.
  • Crocus orsinii Parl.
  • Crocus pendulus Stokes
  • Crocus setifolius Stokes
  • Geanthus autumnalis Raf.
  • Safran officinarum Medik.

番紅花(學名:Crocus sativus)是番紅花屬的一種多年生草本植物,是番紅花香料的原材料[2]。它分布於地中海地區、中亞和東亞。其祖先可能是希臘的Crocus cartwrightianus[3][4]

形態[編輯]

番紅花高10至30厘米,有球莖,在秋天開紫色花[5]。它是一種三倍體[6]。祖先可能是希臘的Crocus cartwrightianus[3][7]。部分學者認為它的祖先是Crocus pallasii,但此說並無基因研究上的證據[8]

參考文獻[編輯]

  1. ^ The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species. [23 April 2015]. (原始內容存檔於2020-02-24). 
  2. ^ Crocus+sativus. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). USDA. [23 April 2015]. 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Schmidt, Thomas; Heitkam, Tony; Liedtke, Susan; Schubert, Veit; Menzel, Gerhard. Adding color to a century-old enigma: multi-color chromosome identification unravels the autotriploid nature of saffron (Crocus sativus) as a hybrid of wild Crocus cartwrightianus cytotypes. New Phytologist. 2019, 0 (ja): 1965–1980. ISSN 1469-8137. PMID 30690735. doi:10.1111/nph.15715 (英語). 
  4. ^ Nemati, Zahra; Blattner, Frank R.; Kerndorff, Helmut; Erol, Osman; Harpke, Dörte. Phylogeny of the saffron-crocus species group, Crocus series Crocus (Iridaceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 2018-10-01, 127: 891–897. ISSN 1055-7903. PMID 29936028. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2018.06.036. 
  5. ^ Mollazadeh, Hamid "Razi's Al-Hawi and saffron (Crocus sativus): a review". Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, Dec 2015.
  6. ^ Saxena, R., Botany, taxonomy and cytology of Crocus sativus series, AYU, 2010, 31 (3): 374–81, PMC 3221075, PMID 22131743, doi:10.4103/0974-8520.77153 
  7. ^ Nemati, Zahra; Blattner, Frank R.; Kerndorff, Helmut; Erol, Osman; Harpke, Dörte. Phylogeny of the saffron-crocus species group, Crocus series Crocus (Iridaceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 2018-10-01, 127: 891–897. ISSN 1055-7903. PMID 29936028. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2018.06.036. 
  8. ^ Blattner, Frank R.; Kerndorff, Helmut; Gemicioglu, Almila; Harpke, Doerte; Nemati, Zahra. Saffron (Crocus sativus) is an autotriploid that evolved in Attica (Greece) from wild Crocus cartwrightianus. bioRxiv. 2019-02-01: 537688 [2020-06-11]. doi:10.1101/537688. (原始內容存檔於2020-06-11) (英語). 

外部連結[編輯]