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维奇猪笼草

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维奇猪笼草
产自沙捞越巴里奥的维奇猪笼草
产自沙捞越巴里奥的维奇猪笼草
保护状况
科學分類
界: 植物界 Plantae
(未分级) 被子植物 Angiosperms
(未分级) 真双子叶植物 Eudicots
(未分级) 核心真双子叶植物

Core eudicots

目: 石竹目 Caryophyllales
科: 猪笼草科 Nepenthaceae
屬: 猪笼草属 Nepenthes
種: 维奇猪笼草 N. veitchii
二名法
Nepenthes veitchii
Hook.f. (1859)[1]
異名

同物异名

异物同名

维奇猪笼草学名Nepenthes veitchii)是婆罗洲特有的热带食虫植物[3]其广泛分布于婆罗洲西北部。其种加词veitchii”来源于维奇苗圃的主人,詹姆斯·维奇[4]

低地地区的树林中维奇猪笼草常附生,其以叶柄环抱树杆向上生长。而在高地地区泥炭沼泽的维奇猪笼草则多陆生。[3]巴里奥地区的维奇猪笼草似乎严格陆生,未在该地区观察到其附生植株。此外,低地地区和高地地区的维奇猪笼草在形态上也有区别,低地变型比高地变型的窄。[3]

维奇猪笼草被认为产于菲律宾罗伯坎特利猪笼草N. robcantleyi之间存在着密切的近缘关系。[5]其也与宝特瓶猪笼草N. truncata进行了比较。[6]

植物学史[编辑]

弗雷德里克·威廉·伯比奇在《园丁纪事》中描述了维奇猪笼草的生活习性:[注 1][7][8]

维奇猪笼草,严格附生。除了在高20至100英尺的树干上,我从未在任何地方上看到过维奇猪笼草。其叶片对生,部分叶片环扣着树干,就像一个人环抱住树干一样。据我所知没有其他任何猪笼草具有这样的生活习性。

1865年,奥多阿多·贝卡利山都望山山顶发现了维奇猪笼草。他对其发现叙述到:[注 2][7][9]

这种猪笼草极为精致,罕见……部分标本可长达10英尺。该物种捕虫笼的笼口为黄色、垂直,特别突出显眼。其鲜艳的色彩可吸引昆虫进入其完美的捕虫笼中。

种下类群[编辑]

以下为已被描述的维奇猪笼草的种下类群。但其现在都被认为是无效的,为裸名

  • Nepenthes veitchii f. barioensis Y.Fukatsu (1999) nom.nud.
  • Nepenthes veitchii striata Veitch (1892) nom.nud.

自然杂交种[编辑]

以下为已发现的维奇猪笼草的自然杂交种

注释[编辑]

  1. ^ 弗雷德里克·威廉·伯比奇在《园丁纪事》中描述维奇猪笼草生活习性的原文:[7][8]
    Now as to N. Veitchii. This is a true epiphyte. I never met with it on the ground anywhere, but in great quantity 20—100 feet high on tree trunks. Its distichous habit is unique, I fancy, and then some of the leaves actually clasp around the tree just as a man would fold his arms around it in similar circumstances. No other species of Nepenthes, so far as I know, has this habit.
  2. ^ 奥多阿多·贝卡利对在山都望山发现的维奇猪笼草的叙述原文:[7][9]
    This is one of the finest and rarest of all pitcher-plants. [...] Some of the specimens I got measured quite ten inches in length. The mouth of the pitcher in this species is certainly its most conspicuous and remarkable part by reason of its rich orange colour and its vertical position. It is also a perfect trap to entice insects into its interior, attracting them from a distance by its bright colours. Sir Joseph Hooker compares the mouth of the pitchers of N. veitchii to the gills of a fish, to which, indeed, with their narrow lamellae converging to the centre, they bear considerable resemblance.

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Hooker, J.D. 1859. XXXV. On the origin and development of the pitchers of Nepenthes, with an account of some new Bornean plants of that genus. The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 22(4): 415–424. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1856.tb00113.x
  2. ^ Masters, M.T. 1872. The cultivated species of Nepenthes. The Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette 1872(16): 540–542.
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 3.2 夏洛特. 食蟲植物觀賞&栽培圖鑑. 台北: 商周出版. 2007: 69–70. ISBN 978-986-124-850-9. 
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 4.2 Phillipps, A., A. Lamb & C.C. Lee 2008. Pitcher Plants of Borneo. Second Edition. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu.
  5. ^ Cheek, M. 2011. Nepenthes robcantleyi sp. nov. (Nepenthaceae) from Mindanao, Philippines. Nordic Journal of Botany. doi:10.1111/j.1756-1051.2011.01449.x
  6. ^ Macfarlane, J.M. 1927. The Philippine species of Nepenthes. The Philippine Journal of Science 33(2): 127–140.
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Phillipps, A. & A. Lamb 1996. Pitcher-Plants of Borneo. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu.
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 Burbidge, F.W. 1882. Notes on the new Nepenthes. The Gardeners' Chronicle, new series, 17(420): 56.
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 Beccari, O. 1904. Wanderings in the Great Forests of Borneo. Constable, London.
  10. ^ 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Clarke, C.M. 1997. Nepenthes of Borneo. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu.
  11. ^ McPherson, S.R. 2009. Pitcher Plants of the Old World. 2 volumes. Redfern Natural History Productions, Poole.

扩展阅读[编辑]

維基共享資源中有關维奇猪笼草的多媒體資源 维基物种中有关维奇猪笼草的分类信息